- Complete Object List (And) -

And (155) Cep (81) Cyg (152) Leo (169) Peg (163) Sgr (30)
Aql (60) Cet (28) Del (25) Lep (7) Per (98) Tau (35)
Aqr (16) CMa (8) Dra (93) Lib (2) Psc (71) Tri (59)
Ari (44) CMi (9) Equ (10) LMi (38) Pup (12) UMa (243)
Aur (69) Cnc (76) Eri (5) Lyn (87) Sco (4) UMA (1)
Boo (41) Com (144) Gem (93) Lyr (44) Sct (19) UMi (7)
Cam (79) CrB (36) Her (74) Mon (32) Ser (28) Vir (162)
Cap (5) Crv (3) Hya (15) Oph (18) Sex (17) Vul (35)
Cas (115) CVn (116) Lac (34) Ori (54) Sge (12)

59 And (**)

Name: 59 And, STF222
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h10m52.83s / +39°02'22.40"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
6m0 6m7 16.5" 36° 2018
Robert Zebahl
B 8x44
2020-11-25: Just separated with visible difference in brightness.

120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Well split with noticeable difference in brightness.

8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Nice and evident double star, easy to split. About 12 arcminutes NE there is NGC828 (v12.3m),

164 And (**)

Name: 164 And, STF79
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h00m03.56s / +44°42'47.70"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
6m0 6m8 7.9" 195° 2018
Robert Zebahl
55mm f/9.1, 25x, Bortle 7, SQM-L 19.0
Beautiful double star, relatively tight with visible difference in brightness.

A 193 (**)

Name: A193
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h01m23.99s / +46°38'18.00"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
9m6 9m8 1.6" 176° 2017
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 160x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Observed at 125x and 160x under urban conditions (Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0). Too faint to separate the components.

A 968 (**)

Name: A968
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h31m15.90s / +47°02'32.10"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
9m0 9m5 1.8" 27° 2018
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 125x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Clearly split, tight, slightly unequal.

A 1487 (**)

Name: A1487
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h29m12.09s / +40°42'09.40"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
9m0 9m5 1.1" 157° 2016
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 125x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
At 125x clearly visible as figure '8' with equally bright components. At 160x comparable view.

A 1528 (**)

Name: A1528
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h35m42.19s / +44°11'23.30"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
9m4 9m6 1.6" 193° 2017
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 160x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
At 125x almost separated with visible difference in brightness. AT 160x rather faint, barely split, little difference in brightness.

AC 1 (**)

Name: AC1
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h20m54.10s / +32°58'40.90"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
7m3 8m3 1.9" 290° 2018

../images/binary-star-orbits/AC1-orbit.jpg

Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 125x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Very attractive, relatively close with a clearly visible difference in brightness. In the immediate vicinity a brighter star shines in a lovely orange. Very nice contrast!

../sketches/2019-10-22_ac1.jpg

AC 14 (**)

Name: AC14
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h28m19.28s / +42°46'56.00"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m3 8m9 0.7" 93° 2018
Robert Zebahl
152mm f/5.9, 300x
Immediately visible as a double star, almost separated with little difference in brightness.

AQ And (C*)

Name: AQ And
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h27m31.68s / +35°35'14.50"
Brightness: 7m7-9m5 (169d)
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 28x
2013-10-17: Deep orange with tendency to red. Colorful, fairly bright.

ORANGE COLORED
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7, NELM 4m5
2014-10-15: Moderately bright, obviously orange colored.

ORANGE COLORED
8" f/4, 20x, Bortle 6-
2018-11-07: Slightly orange colored, medium bright.
ORANGE COLORED

Arp 113 (GLXGRP)

../dss/dss2blue_001823.30_+300340.00_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: Arp113, VV166, Holm6
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h18m23.30s / +30°03'40.00"

Group Members:
NGC67 (PGC1185) 14m2 0.4x0.3'
NGC68 (UGC170, H5.16) 13m2 1.2x1.1' (90°)
NGC69 (PGC1191) 14m7 0.9x0.8'
NGC70 (IC1539, UGC174) 13m5 2.1x1.7' (5°)
NGC71 (UGC173) 13m3 1.7x1.3' (90°)
NGC72 (UGC176) 13m8 1.4x1.1' (85°)
Robert Zebahl
80mm f/6.25, 62x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3

FAILED
120mm f/5, 100x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
I only classified this group as moderately difficult, because I could see a diffuse, roundish brightening near faint field stars with averted vision without any problems. I'm pretty sure, that this is NGC68 as brightest member of the group.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 3, NELM 6m4
Overall difficult group with 8 inch, which is embedded between faint field stars. NGC68 (brightest western) is brightest member and appeared at 171x roundish with slightly brighter center, held with averted vision. NGC71 (southeastern of NGC68) was glimpsed as roundish, diffuse brightening. NGC70 (northeastern of NGC68) I tried without any success.

DIFFICULT
12.5" f/4.5, 205x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
NGC68: Round, less condensed. Brightest and most obvious galaxy of the group.

NGC70: Appeared very diffuse between two faint field stars. Shape hardly perceptible.

NGC71: Well visible with averted vision as compact brightening.

NGC72: Compact, slightly oval.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
NGC 68: bei 45x als diffuser Fleck zusammen mit NGC 70 und 71 erkennbar - bei 160x dann auch einzeln sichtbar

NGC 70: bei 45x als diffuser Fleck zusammen mit NGC 68 und 71 erkennbar - bei 160x dann auch einzeln sichtbar

NGC 71: bei 45x als diffuser Fleck zusammen mit NGC 68 und 70 erkennbar - bei 160x dann auch einzeln sichtbar

NGC 72: bei 160x ist die Galaxie gut zu erkennen
MODERATE

Arp 273 (GLXGRP)

../dss/dss2blue_022130.00_+392200.00_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp273
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h21m30.00s / +39°22'00.00"

Group Members:
UGC1810 12m9 2.0x1.4' (20°)
UGC1813 14m2 1.1x0.3' (80°)
Very nice, but faint Arp group.

Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Only the bright UGC1810 was visible: At 100x extremely faint brightening. At 171x oval or slightly elongated, quite faint and evenly bright.
MODERATE

BU 483 (**)

Name: BU483
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h09m03.67s / +40°50'34.30"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AC 7m0 7m7 158.5" 268° 2015
Robert Zebahl
B 8x40, Bortle 7, SQM-L 19.0
Large distance with significant difference in brightness.

BU 728 (**)

Name: BU728
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h52m09.63s / +43°30'31.60"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB 8m7 8m9 1.3" 10° 2016
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 160x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
At 125x two overlapping Airy disks with a small difference in brightness are visible. At 160x slightly better and almost separated.

ES 4 (**)

Name: ES4
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h31m05.02s / +43°37'14.60"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m1 9m1 2.8" 101° 2016
Robert Zebahl
70mm f/5.7, 128x
Not split. I probably didn't recognised the fainter component. The angular distance shouldn't be a problem.

ES 2076 (**)

Name: ES2076
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h00m56.79s / +37°13'54.10"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
9m5 9m5 1.8" 162° 2016
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 125x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Observation under urban conditions (Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0). Too faint to separate.

EW And (C*)

Name: EW And
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h26m57.36s / +49°30'58.97"
Brightness: p10m8-11m8
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7, NELM 4m5
2013-10-22: Deep orange.
ORANGE COLORED

H 5 17 (**)

Name: H5 17, pi And, 29 And
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h36m52.84s / +33°43'09.70"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB 4m4 7m1 35.8" 174° 2018
AC 4m4 13m0 55.1" 355° 2013
Robert Zebahl
B 8x44
AB: 2020-11-25: Not separable. The faint companion was probably outshone by the bright primary component.

102mm f/11, 28x, Seeing 3/5
AB: 2020-11-02: Quite large separation and large difference in brightness. A: white-yellowish, B: slightly bluish.

HJ 2010 (**)

Name: HJ2010
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h02m47.00s / +47°41'55.40"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m3 9m7 9.9" 271° 2016
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 28x, Seeing 3/5
2020-11-02: Clearly separated, significant difference in brightness, still relatively close together. The components appeared slightly different in color: slightly yellowish & slightly bluish.

HLD 56 (**)

Name: HLD56
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 22h59m42.14s / +41°49'25.20"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
9m3 9m4 1.3" 92° 2016
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 160x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
At 125x clearly visible as figure '8' with slight difference in brightness. Almost split at 160x.

HO 306 (**)

Name: HO306
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h48m06.71s / +25°32'54.30"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
9m6 9m9 1.5" 159° 2016
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 160x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Pretty faint and tight with visible difference in brightness.

IC 65 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_010055.43_+474055.14_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC65, UGC625
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h00m55.43s / +47°40'55.14"
Brightness / Size: 12m8 / 3.9x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m7+, SQM-L 20.9
Obviously oval / slightly elongated, evenly bright, quite faint. Axial ratio about 1:3.
MODERATE

IC 179 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_020011.52_+380117.14_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC179, UGC1475
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h00m11.52s / +38°01'17.14"
Brightness / Size: b13m4 / 1.8x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Roundish, relatively small, slightly brighter core, otherwise evenly bright.
MODERATE

IC 239 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_023627.83_+385808.56_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC239, UGC2080
Group: NGC1023 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h36m27.83s / +38°58'08.56"
Brightness / Size: 11m1 / 4.6x4.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 3, NELM 6m4
Relatively large, round, evenly bright, very faint.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 111x zeigt sich ein leichter rundlicher Nebel vor einem Sterndreieck - die Galaxie ist nur blickweise sichtbar und bleibt ohne Strukturen
MODERATE

IC 1525 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_235915.80_+465321.35_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1525, UGC12883
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h59m15.80s / +46°53'21.35"
Brightness / Size: 12m4 / 1.9x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Roundish, evenly bright. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

IC 1550 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_002427.67_+381108.54_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1550
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h24m27.67s / +38°11'08.54"
Brightness / Size: 14m1 / 0.9x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Appeared roundish to slightly oval.
MODERATE

M 31 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_004244.33_+411607.50_80_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: M31, NGC224, UGC454, Andromeda Galaxy
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h42m44.33s / +41°16'07.50"
Brightness / Size: 3m4 / 186.2x61.7'
Robert Zebahl
naked eye, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.1
Slightly elongated brightening, getting brighter towards the middle. Evident with averted vision.

MODERATE
naked eye, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Easily visible with direct vision, evident, brighter core, obviously elongated.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 3, NELM 6m4
Very bright, round core, surrounded by a likewise bright, oval halo. The fainter outer regions can followed over 2°, if the conditions are good. With averted vision west of the core 2 dust lanes are prominent, nearly parallel and slightly curved.

EASY
René Merting
naked eye, SQM-L 21.5
direkt sichtbar, indirekt länglich, flächig erkennbar

EASY
B 8x20, SQM-L 21.5
sehr auffällig - OW-Ausdehnung knapp 2° - helles kompaktes Zentrum leicht länglich, die Außenbereiche verlieren schnell an Helligkeit

EASY
B 10x35, SQM-L 21.5
eine riesige Ellipse mit einem hellen, großflächigen Zentrum - indirekt deutlich länger mit sehr schwachen Außenbereichen

EASY
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
der Kern ist sehr hell, wohingegen die Außenbereiche schnell schwächer werden - Ausdehnung rd. 2,5°

EASY
B 12x50, SQM-L 21.0
auffallend ist zunächst der große, helle Kernbereich - indirekt besehen wächst dann die Länge der Galaxie enorm, ich schätze sie auf 2 bis 2,5°

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
riesig mit schwachen Ausläufern, gut 3/4 Ausdehnung in meinem 4° GF - helles ovales Zentrum

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
riesig, oval, indirekt führen die Ausläufer noch weiter, Ausdehnung insgesamt mindestens 3° - helles Zentrum mit einem kompakten Kern - in den Ausläufern sind Strukturen erkennbar

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x präsentiert sich M 31 mit einem großen, hellen Zentrum - nordwestlich vom Zentrum ist ein Stern markant - im Norden hebt sich das erste Staubband sehr offensichtlich ab, mit etwas Geduld ist auch das zweite Staubband erkennbar - bei 72x ist M 31 in Richtung Südwesten eindeutiger erkennbar und detailreicher als in Richtung Nordosten - NGC 206 ist deutlich als Kondensation im Südwesten von M 31 erkennbar
EASY

M 32 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_004241.83_+405154.61_9_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: M32, NGC221, UGC452, Arp168
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h42m41.83s / +40°51'54.61"
Brightness / Size: 8m1 / 8.5x6.5'
Robert Zebahl
B 8x40, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Relatively well seen with direct vision, but nearly stellar.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 6
Very bright and compact. Can be confused with a star. At higher magnification clearly extended.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Round with very bright, stellar core, becoming weaker toward the edge.

EASY
René Merting
B 8x20, SQM-L 21.5
die Galaxie zeigt sich östlich von einem schwachen Stern indirekt als kompakter fluffiger Faststern

MODERATE
B 10x35, SQM-L 21.5
anfangs stellar, bei genauerer Betrachtung ein leicht diffuses Sternchen

EASY
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
die Galaxie ist sofort erkennbar und wirkt wie ein stark weichgezeichneter Stern

EASY
B 12x50, SQM-L 21.0
auf den ersten Blick wirkt M 32 wie ein Stern - genauer hingeschaut sieht man, dass der Stern leicht aufgebläht ist mit diffusen Grenzen - ein kleines, sehr kompaktes Bällchen

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
ein kompakter heller Nebel, unterscheidet sich deutlich von den umgebenden Sternen - leicht außerhalb des Glimmens von M 31

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
die Galaxie fällt sofort auf, kein Stern mehr, sondern ein fluffiger Nebelball, fast wie ein PN - die Galaxie befindet sich scheinbar am Rand von M 31

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x wirkt die Galaxie wie ein unscharfer Kugelsternhaufen - die Galaxie wirkt leicht unrund und hat ein stellares Zentrum - bei 240x offenbart sich das Zentrum kompakt und die Außenränder sind sehr diffus
EASY

M 110 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_004022.07_+414107.08_20_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: M110, NGC205, UGC426, H5.18
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h40m22.07s / +41°41'07.08"
Brightness / Size: 8m1 / 19.5x11.5'
Robert Zebahl
B 8x40, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Quite faint, oval, evenly bright.

MODERATE
B 8x50, Bortle 3, NELM 6m4
Observed with 8x50 binoculars. Slightly oval, evenly bright, faint.

MODERATE
70mm f/5.7, 20x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
Pretty faint, oval, almost evenly bright.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7
Faint brightening but well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright and evident. Oval with also oval, brighter core area. Outer regions very diffuse.

EASY
René Merting
B 8x20, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt sehr schwach und diffus, leichter zu erkennen als M 32

MODERATE
B 10x35, SQM-L 21.5
direkt knapp sichtbar - indirekt ein leicht verwischter, elongierter Fleck

EASY
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
die Galaxie ist ohne Probleme direkt erkennbar, indirekt zeigt sie sich elongiert (ähnlich wie M 31 mit bloßem Auge) - M 110 hat noch deutlichem Abstand zu M 31

EASY
B 12x50, SQM-L 21.0
die Galaxie ist indirekt nördlich von M 31 in etwas Abstand wie ein dünner, zarter Kreidestrich erkennbar - direkt ist sie auch knapp sichtbar

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
einfach, groß, länglich und NS-elongiert - die Galaxie wird zur Mitte hin leicht heller

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
sehr auffällig, leicht oval mit länglichem, leicht hellerem Zentrum - Ränder diffus

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x wirkt die ovale Galaxie sehr diffus, im ebenfalls ovalem Zentrum offenbart sich ein relativ großer Bereich, der leicht heller ist - bei 240x ändert sich nicht viel, die Galaxie ist riesig, sehr diffus und strukturlos
EASY

Mayall II (GC)

../dss/dss2blue_003246.53_+393440.50_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Mayall II, G1
Group: M31
Type: GC
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h32m46.53s / +39°34'40.50"
Brightness / Size: 13m8 / 0.5x0.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 216x, Bortle 4, NELM 5m9+, SQM-L 21.0
Very small, round, condensed brightening. The two nearby faint stars only separated in some moments. Overall not too challenging. Good seeing helps a lot.
DIFFICULT

MCG+7-6-6 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022401.85_+415945.91_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+7-6-6, PGC9108
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h24m01.85s / +41°59'45.91"
Brightness / Size: b14m7 / 1.1x0.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, NELM 5m9+, SQM-L 21.0
Nearby a faint star pair, whereas the galaxy appeared as very faint, onesided halo of the eastern star.
DIFFICULT

NGC 5 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_000748.90_+352144.46_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5, UGC62
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h07m48.90s / +35°21'44.46"
Brightness / Size: 13m8 / 1.0x0.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Round, evenly bright.
DIFFICULT

NGC 6 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_000932.70_+331831.09_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC6, NGC20, UGC84
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h09m32.70s / +33°18'31.09"
Brightness / Size: 13m1 / 1.7x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Round, brightening toward the middle.
MODERATE

NGC 11 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_000842.49_+372652.39_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC11, UGC73
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h08m42.49s / +37°26'52.39"
Brightness / Size: 13m7 / 1.5x0.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Nearly permanently held with averted vision. Elongated, thin, evenly bright.
DIFFICULT

NGC 13 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_000847.72_+332600.06_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC13, UGC77, H3.866
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h08m47.72s / +33°26'00.06"
Brightness / Size: 13m2 / 2.3x0.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
The fairly bright core is most obvious. Galaxy appears most of the time as round to slightly oval brightening. Very faint outer extension rarely seen, when the galaxy appears more elongated.
MODERATE

NGC 19 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001040.87_+325859.20_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC19, UGC98
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h10m40.87s / +32°58'59.20"
Brightness / Size: 13m3 / 1.1x0.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 216x, Bortle 4
Held nearly permanently. Roundish, extremely faint, rather compact.
DIFFICULT

NGC 21 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001046.89_+332110.22_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC21, NGC29, UGC100
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h10m46.89s / +33°21'10.22"
Brightness / Size: 12m8 / 1.5x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Roundish brightening.
MODERATE

NGC 27 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001032.78_+285946.47_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC27, UGC96
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h10m32.78s / +28°59'46.47"
Brightness / Size: 13m4 / 1.2x0.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 216x, Bortle 4
Glimpsed as slightly elongated brightening.
DIFFICULT

NGC 39 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001218.85_+310339.97_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC39, UGC114, H3.861
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h12m18.85s / +31°03'39.97"
Brightness / Size: 13m6 / 1.1x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Relatively small, roundish, faint.
DIFFICULT

NGC 43 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001300.73_+305455.18_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC43, UGC120
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h13m00.73s / +30°54'55.18"
Brightness / Size: 12m7 / 1.6x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Roundish, faint, evenly bright.
DIFFICULT

NGC 48 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001402.21_+481405.57_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC48, UGC133
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h14m02.21s / +48°14'05.57"
Brightness / Size: 13m6 / 1.6x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Very faint, roundish. Most difficult compared to nearby NGC48, NGC49 & NGC51.
DIFFICULT

NGC 49 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001422.43_+481447.54_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC49, UGC136
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h14m22.43s / +48°14'47.54"
Brightness / Size: 13m7 / 1.1x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Very compact, roundish.
DIFFICULT

NGC 51 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001434.90_+481519.86_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC51, UGC138
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h14m34.90s / +48°15'19.86"
Brightness / Size: 13m1 / 1.7x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Roundish brightening. Seen fairly well.
MODERATE

NGC 68 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001818.52_+300418.56_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC68, UGC170, H5.16
Group: Arp113, VV166, Holm6, NGC70 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h18m18.52s / +30°04'18.56"
Brightness / Size: 13m2 / 1.2x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
80mm f/6.25, 62x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3

FAILED
120mm f/5, 100x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Besides faint field stars I could clearly see a small, roundish, diffuse brightening. I'm pretty sure, that this is NGC68 as brightest member of the group.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Roundish with brighter core. Easiest member of group.

DIFFICULT
12.5" f/4.5, 205x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Round, less condensed. Brightest and most obvious galaxy of the group.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x als diffuser Fleck zusammen mit NGC 70 und 71 erkennbar - bei 160x dann auch einzeln sichtbar
MODERATE

NGC 70 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001822.52_+300446.55_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC70, IC1539, UGC174
Group: Arp113, VV166, Holm6, NGC70 Group
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h18m22.52s / +30°04'46.55"
Brightness / Size: 13m5 / 2.1x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 3, NELM 6m4

FAILED
12.5" f/4.5, 205x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Appeared very diffuse between two faint field stars. Shape hardly perceptible.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x als diffuser Fleck zusammen mit NGC 68 und 71 erkennbar - bei 160x dann auch einzeln sichtbar
MODERATE

NGC 71 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001823.60_+300347.55_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC71, UGC173
Group: Arp113, VV166, Holm6, NGC70 Group
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h18m23.60s / +30°03'47.55"
Brightness / Size: 13m3 / 1.7x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 3, NELM 6m4
Very faint, diffuse, round. Glimpsed with averted vision. Located nearby faint stars.

DIFFICULT
12.5" f/4.5, 205x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Well visible with averted vision as compact brightening.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x als diffuser Fleck zusammen mit NGC 68 und 70 erkennbar - bei 160x dann auch einzeln sichtbar
MODERATE

NGC 72 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001828.37_+300226.52_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC72, UGC176
Group: Arp113, VV166, Holm6, NGC70 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h18m28.37s / +30°02'26.52"
Brightness / Size: 13m8 / 1.4x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
12.5" f/4.5, 205x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Compact, slightly oval.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 160x ist die Galaxie gut zu erkennen
MODERATE

NGC 74 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001849.30_+300343.64_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC74
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h18m49.30s / +30°03'43.64"
Brightness / Size: b16m0 / 0.8x0.3'
Robert Zebahl
12.5" f/4.5, 205x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Quite compact brightening. Barely held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC 76 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_001937.79_+295601.94_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC76, UGC185
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h19m37.79s / +29°56'01.94"
Brightness / Size: 13m0 / 1.0x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 216x, Bortle 4
Roundish, brightening toward the middle.
DIFFICULT

NGC 97 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_002229.99_+294443.34_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC97, UGC216
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h22m29.99s / +29°44'43.34"
Brightness / Size: 12m3 / 1.5x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 216x, Bortle 4
Moderately faint, round.
MODERATE

NGC 183 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_003829.40_+293040.45_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC183, UGC387
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h38m29.40s / +29°30'40.45"
Brightness / Size: 12m7 / 2.1x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Fairly compact, brighter core. Well seen with averted vision. Epsilon And should be placed outside the field of view!
MODERATE

NGC 206 (OC)

../dss/dss2blue_004033.80_+404422.00_10_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: NGC206, H5.36
Group: M31
Type: OC, EG
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h40m33.80s / +40°44'22.00"
Brightness / Size: 12m8 / 4.2x4.2'
NGC206 is actually not a cluster, but a very large association of stars within the galaxy Messier 31.

Robert Zebahl
152mm f/5.9, 72x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
Well seen with averted vision, relatively large, slightly oval, evenly bright.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Oval or slightly elongated, quite faint, evenly bright. Fairly well visible with averted vision.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
die Sternwolke ist einfach und deutlich als große Kondensation im südwestlichen Teil von M 31 erkennbar
EASY

NGC 214 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_004128.02_+252957.62_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC214, UGC438, H2.209
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h41m28.02s / +25°29'57.62"
Brightness / Size: 12m3 / 1.9x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Fairly well seen with averted vision. Moderately large, slightly oval, evenly bright without distinct core. At 133x barely seen with direct vision.
EASY

NGC 233 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_004336.54_+303513.23_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC233, UGC464, H3.149
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h43m36.54s / +30°35'13.23"
Brightness / Size: 12m8 / 1.7x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Relatively easily seen with averted vision. Roundish with much brighter core. At 150x barely seen with direct vision.
EASY

NGC 252 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_004801.48_+273725.76_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC252, UGC491, H2.609
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h48m01.48s / +27°37'25.76"
Brightness / Size: 12m5 / 1.9x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Slightly brighter core, otherwise evenly bright. Roundish to slightly oval.
MODERATE

NGC 258 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_004812.77_+273925.76_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC258
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h48m12.77s / +27°39'25.76"
Brightness / Size: 14m2 / 0.5x0.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4 FAILED

NGC 260 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_004834.64_+274132.91_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC260, UGC497
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h48m34.64s / +27°41'32.91"
Brightness / Size: 13m5 / 0.8x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 216x, Bortle 4
Extremely faint, evenly bright, roundish.
DIFFICULT

NGC 262 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_004847.14_+315725.08_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC262, UGC499
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h48m47.14s / +31°57'25.08"
Brightness / Size: 13m1 / 1.3x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Relatively compact, round, faint nebula, which seemed surrounded by an extremely faint, round halo.
DIFFICULT

NGC 393 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_010836.95_+393839.67_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC393, UGC707, H1.54
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h08m36.95s / +39°38'39.67"
Brightness / Size: b13m3 / 1.6x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/4, 88x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Roundish to slightly oval, getting a bit brighter towards the middle, extremely faint. Not permanently held with averted vision.

DIFFICULT
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x indirekt ein kleiner, schwacher Nebelball - das Zentrum ist leicht heller - bei 144x ist die Galaxie auch direkt gut sichtbar
EASY

NGC 404 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_010927.10_+354305.00_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC404, UGC718, H2.224, Mirach's Ghost
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h09m27.10s / +35°43'05.00"
Brightness / Size: 10m0 / 3.5x3.5'
Overall a worthwile galaxy, fairly bright and easy to find. Located directly near gamma And.

Robert Zebahl
53mm f/11.3, 40x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Roundish, getting brighter toward the middle. Quite well visible with averted vision.

MODERATE
55mm f/9.1, 55x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.1
Pretty faint, small, roundish, slightly condensed.

MODERATE
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 4
Easily seen with averted vision. Roundish brightening.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 40x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Roundish, getting brighter toward the middle.

EASY
152mm f/8, 66x, Bortle 7, SQM-L 19.0
Not conspicuous, rather faint, roundish, slightly condensed.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 6
Evident with averted vision as round nebula with brighter core.

EASY
René Merting
100mm f/6.4, 71x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x zeigt sich Mirachs Geist und wirkt indirekt leicht heller - die Galaxie ist flächig zu erkennen und wird zur Mitte hin leicht heller - bei 49x und 71x ist NGC 404 direkt gut zu sehen, diffuse Außenränder und kompaktes Zentrum

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x ist die Galaxie gerade noch direkt als flauschiges Bällchen sichtbar - bei 72x zeigt sich eine deutlich sichtbare Aufhellung neben dem in schönem Gelb strahlenden Stern Mirach - bei 111x wird der Nebel noch deutlicher und der Kern stellar sichtbar - bei 160x ist die Galaxie recht groß und nach außen diffus auslaufend - in Verbindung mit dem gelb leuchtendem Stern lohnenswert
EASY

NGC 425 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_011302.59_+384606.29_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC425, UGC758
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h13m02.59s / +38°46'06.29"
Brightness / Size: 12m6 / 1.0x0.8'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x nicht leicht zu finden, die Galaxie versucht sich in einem Sternfeld zu verstecken - südöstlich eines dieser schwachen Sterne ist ein leichtes, diffuses Glühen zu erkennen - indirekt ist sie deutlicher zu erkennen, sie wirkt rund
MODERATE

NGC 573 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_013049.35_+411526.34_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC573, UGC1078
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h30m49.35s / +41°15'26.34"
Brightness / Size: 12m8 / 0.4x0.4'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x ein kompakter, nebliger Fleck - rundlich und homogen hell
EASY

NGC 605 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_013502.34_+411453.32_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC605, UGC1128
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h35m02.34s / +41°14'53.32"
Brightness / Size: 12m9 / 2.2x1.1'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x ist indirekt ein zarter, diffuser Schimmer auszumachen - die Galaxie wirkt rundlich
MODERATE

NGC 679 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_014943.79_+354708.39_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC679, UGC1283, H3.175
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h49m43.79s / +35°47'08.39"
Brightness / Size: 12m3 / 1.9x1.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Fairly faint, round brightening.
MODERATE

NGC 708 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_015246.48_+360906.53_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC708, UGC1348, H3.565
Group: Abell262, NGC708 Group, Pisces-Perseus-Supercluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h52m46.48s / +36°09'06.53"
Brightness / Size: 13m3 / 3.0x2.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Very faint, diffuse brightening. Barely held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC 721 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_015445.46_+392300.62_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC721, UGC1376
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h54m45.46s / +39°23'00.62"
Brightness / Size: 13m5 / 1.7x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Object was only about 40° above the horizon.
FAILED

NGC 732 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_015627.81_+364807.00_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC732, UGC1406
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h56m27.81s / +36°48'07.00"
Brightness / Size: 13m5 / 1.4x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Object was only about 40° above the horizon.
FAILED

NGC 746 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_015751.00_+445506.97_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC746, UGC1438
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h57m51.00s / +44°55'06.97"
Brightness / Size: 13m0 / 1.9x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Very faint brightening. Already seen at 100x with averted vision, but a group of stars can confuse.

DIFFICULT
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x ist die Galaxie indirekt sichtbar, sie steht östlich einer Gruppe vieler schwacher Sterne, die spitz zusammenlaufen und nördlich an der Galaxie vorbei zeigen - NGC 746 ist kompakt, rund und diffus
DIFFICULT

NGC 752 (OC)

../dss/dss2blue_015741.00_+374706.00_80_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 80×80'
Name: NGC752, H7.32
Type: OC
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h57m41.00s / +37°47'06.00"
Brightness / Size: 5m7 / 50.0x50.0'
Robert Zebahl
naked eye, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Only the brighter star chain southwest of the cluster was visible.

FAILED
naked eye, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.5
Well visible with averted vision, rather large, evenly bright. Located besides a medium bright star.

MODERATE
B 8x40, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Quite loose and scattered cluster, some brighter and fainter stars. Southwest an evident chain of brighter stars. This star chain can be also seen as a golf club. The cluster is then the golf ball ;)

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Large, many brighter and moderately bright stars widely scattered. No distinct concentration toward the center. More an object for binoculars.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
ein schöner Haufen - markant ist eine Sternkette, die den Haufen durchzieht wie eine halbe Ellipse von Norden nach Südwesten und im Osten endend

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
ein Haufen mit vielen unterschiedlichst hellen Sternen - die helleren Sterne bilden ein interessantes Muster ähnlich einem Birkenpilz mit dünnem Stiel, dem Pilzkopf im Norden fehlen ein paar Sterne im nordöstlichen Bereich - die höchste Konzentration schwächerer Sterne ist am Pilzstiel zu erkennen

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 32x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x wirkt der Haufen sehr lose und es sind deutlich mehr Sterne als im Fernglas zu erkennen
EASY

NGC 753 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_015742.19_+355458.14_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC753, UGC1437
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h57m42.19s / +35°54'58.14"
Brightness / Size: 12m3 / 2.5x2.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Held with averted vision as nearly round, diffuse brightening.
DIFFICULT

NGC 759 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_015750.33_+362035.17_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC759, UGC1440
Group: Abell262, NGC708 Group, Pisces-Perseus-Supercluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h57m50.33s / +36°20'35.17"
Brightness / Size: 12m7 / 1.8x1.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 797 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_020328.10_+380701.10_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC797, UGC1541, H3.566
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h03m28.10s / +38°07'01.10"
Brightness / Size: 12m7 / 1.6x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Rather faint, evenly bright, roundish.
MODERATE

NGC 801 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_020344.85_+381531.22_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC801, UGC1550
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h03m44.85s / +38°15'31.22"
Brightness / Size: 13m1 / 3.1x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Was only 45° above horizon. However I was surprised to not see this galaxy. Maybe next time.
FAILED

NGC 812 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_020651.50_+443422.48_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC812, UGC1598
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h06m51.50s / +44°34'22.48"
Brightness / Size: 11m6 / 3.0x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very faint, elongated, evenly bright.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x ein zarter 3:1 elongierter Schimmer östlich von einem mittelhellen Stern - unregelmäßig hell - die Westflanke wirkt etwas besser definiert
MODERATE

NGC 818 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_020844.51_+384638.11_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC818, UGC1633, H2.604
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h08m44.51s / +38°46'38.11"
Brightness / Size: 12m5 / 2.9x1.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Slightly oval & evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 828 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_021009.58_+391125.40_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC828, UGC1655, H2.605
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h10m09.58s / +39°11'25.40"
Brightness / Size: 12m3 / 2.9x2.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Core area appeared somewhat extended, surrounding by a very faint halo. Otherwise this galaxy appeared rather small & compact, faint. 59 And disturbs.
MODERATE

NGC 834 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_021101.28_+373959.00_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC834, UGC1672, H3.567
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h11m01.28s / +37°39'59.00"
Brightness / Size: 13m1 / 1.1x0.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Compact brightening, whereby the center appeared a bit brighter. Not obvious with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC 841 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_021117.33_+372949.96_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC841, UGC1676
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h11m17.33s / +37°29'49.96"
Brightness / Size: 12m6 / 1.8x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Roundish (?), stellar core, otherwise evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 845 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_021219.82_+372838.48_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC845, UGC1695, H3.604
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h12m19.82s / +37°28'38.48"
Brightness / Size: 13m5 / 1.7x0.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Compact brightening (probably only the brighter core).
DIFFICULT

NGC 846 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_021212.30_+443406.01_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC846, NGC847, UGC1688
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h12m12.30s / +44°34'06.01"
Brightness / Size: 12m3 / 1.9x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Fairly easily seen with averted vision. Roundish, evenly bright.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x ist die Galaxie südwestlich von einem schwachen Stern erkennbar - direkt nur knapp erkennbar, indirekt wirkt sie diffus mit leichter Helligkeitszunahme zum Zentrum hin - unregelmäßige Form
MODERATE

NGC 891 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022232.91_+422053.95_14_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 14×14'
Name: NGC891, UGC1831, H5.19
Group: NGC1023 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h22m32.91s / +42°20'53.95"
Brightness / Size: 9m9 / 13.5x2.5'
Robert Zebahl
B 8x40, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m7+, SQM-L 20.9

FAILED
70mm f/5.7, 26x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Elongated, thin, tapering endings, rather evenly bright. Rather well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
80mm f/6.25, 33x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Very elongated, evenly bright, getting a bit wider toward the middle with tapering endings.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0+, SQM-L 21.1
Thin, very elongated, somewhat brighter and broader toward the center, otherwise rather evenly bright. Fairly well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 75x, Bortle 6-, NELM 4m8+, SQM-L 19.1
Only the brighter core area was visible as rather faint, elongated brightening.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
At 18x rather faint, very elongated with tapering ends. At 40x similar view but overall more obvious. The dust lane was not visible.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
At 18x more or less obvious with averted vision, elongated, evenly bright. At 75x the dust lane is perceptible to some extent with averted vision, but not clearly & permanently visible.

MODERATE
152mm f/5.9, 100x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3

FAILED
152mm f/5.9, 72x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
At 34x evident with averted vision, evenly bright, very elongated with tapering endings. At 72x and 100x the dust lane is well visible with averted vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.6
With averted vision very elongated, evenly bright, tapering ends, slight broadening toward the middle. Overall pretty faint and anything but conspicuous.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0+, SQM-L 21.1
One of the most beautiful edge-on galaxies of the autumn sky! Already seen at 37x as faint, very elongated and thin nebula with averted vision. Can easily been overlooked. Broadening and slight brightening toward the middle. At 100x dust lane obvious with averted vision, which is slightly shifted to SE. The surrounding area of NGC891 offers many more interesting galaxies, particularly the galaxy cluster Abell 347!

EASY
René Merting
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
wie von Geisterhand erzeugt erscheint indirekt ein länglicher NO-SW-elongierter Nebelschimmer - die Aufhellung wirkt leicht bauchig - schwer, aber nicht grenzwertig

DIFFICULT
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
mit ein bisschen Geduld wir indirekt ein blasser, länglicher Schimmer sichtbar - homogen hell

DIFFICULT
100mm f/6.4, 71x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x ist die Galaxie indirekt mit NO-SW-Elongation erkennbar und kann mitunter länger gehalten werden - bei 71x ist sie indirekt einfach und zeigt sich 4:1 elongiert - an der Nordflanke ist ein Vordergrundstern erkennbar

MODERATE
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 45x ist ein heller länglicher und diffuser Nebelstreif erkennbar - die Sichtbarkeit verbessert sich bei 111x und das Staubband ist indirekt sichtbar und weit durchgezogen, Elongation 4:1
EASY

NGC 898 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022320.39_+415705.25_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC898, UGC1842, H3.570
Group: Abell347
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h23m20.39s / +41°57'05.25"
Brightness / Size: 12m9 / 1.8x0.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Evenly bright, elongated, broadening toward the center.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Elongated, thin, evenly bright. Easily seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC 906 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_022516.25_+420523.48_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC906, UGC1868
Group: Abell347
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h25m16.25s / +42°05'23.48"
Brightness / Size: 12m9 / 1.8x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Very faint, round to slightly oval, evenly bright.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Roundish, evenly bright. Overall rather faint.
MODERATE

NGC 909 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022522.80_+420207.43_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC909, UGC1872
Group: Abell347
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h25m22.80s / +42°02'07.43"
Brightness / Size: 13m3 / 0.9x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Evenly bright, roundish, compact.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Rather compact brightening, that I could relatively well see with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC 910 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022526.77_+414927.50_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC910, UGC1875, H3.571
Group: Abell347
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h25m26.77s / +41°49'27.50"
Brightness / Size: 12m2 / 2.0x2.0'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 75x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Very faint, slightly condensed, roundish.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6
Nearly permanently held as very faint, roundish brightening.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
With averted vision easily seen as a round nebula with brighter core. Brightest member of Abell 347.
MODERATE

NGC 911 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022542.40_+415722.59_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC911, UGC1878
Group: Abell347
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h25m42.40s / +41°57'22.59"
Brightness / Size: 12m7 / 1.3x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Slightly elongated, evenly bright.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Slightly elongated with brighter center.
MODERATE

NGC 914 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022605.20_+420838.62_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC914, UGC1887
Group: Abell347
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h26m05.20s / +42°08'38.62"
Brightness / Size: 13m0 / 1.8x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
About as difficult as NGC906. Extremely faint, evenly bright.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Slightly oval, evenly bright, faint.
MODERATE

NGC 923 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022734.64_+415839.21_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC923, UGC1915
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h27m34.64s / +41°58'39.21"
Brightness / Size: 13m7 / 0.8x0.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.65
Roundish, compact. Nearby 8.83 mag star interferes.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Roundish with slightly brighter center. Relatively well visible with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC 946 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_023038.51_+421355.64_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC946, UGC1979
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h30m38.51s / +42°13'55.64"
Brightness / Size: 13m2 / 1.5x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Roundish, relatively compact.
MODERATE

NGC 956 (OC)

../dss/dss2blue_023215.00_+443348.00_12_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: NGC956
Type: OC
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h32m15.00s / +44°33'48.00"
Brightness / Size: 8m9 / 6.0x6.0'
René Merting
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
nur die drei hellsten Sterne, die nördlich im Haufen OW-wärts verlaufen (falls sie dazu gehören) sind erkennbar, sonst nichts, kein Hintergrundleuchten oder ähnliches
MODERATE

NGC 980 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_023518.56_+405535.60_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC980, UGC2063, H3.572
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h35m18.56s / +40°55'35.60"
Brightness / Size: 13m0 / 1.7x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Roundish to slightly oval, getting apparently brighter towards the middle.
MODERATE

NGC 982 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_023524.86_+405210.91_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC982, UGC2066, H3.573
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h35m24.86s / +40°52'10.91"
Brightness / Size: 12m5 / 1.5x0.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
At 80x fairly small, elongated. At 150x slightly condensed.
MODERATE

NGC 995 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_023832.03_+413145.25_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC995, UGC2118
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h38m32.03s / +41°31'45.25"
Brightness / Size: 13m4 / 1.7x1.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Very faint, barely condensed.
MODERATE

NGC 996 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_023839.87_+413851.27_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC996, UGC2123
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h38m39.87s / +41°38'51.27"
Brightness / Size: 13m0 / 1.4x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Roundish to slightly oval (?), well condensed with much more brighter central area.
MODERATE

NGC 999 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_023847.45_+414013.24_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC999, IC240, UGC2127
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h38m47.45s / +41°40'13.24"
Brightness / Size: 13m5 / 0.9x0.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Very compact brightening. I will repeat this observation to make sure!
MODERATE

NGC 7618 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_231947.21_+425109.65_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC7618, UGC12516
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h19m47.21s / +42°51'09.65"
Brightness / Size: 13m0 / 1.2x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4
Roundish, fairly compact, evenly bright.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x ist indirekt eine kompakte leicht länglich wirkende Aufhellung südwestlich eines schwachen Sterns erkennbar - bei 111x wird die Galaxie deutlicher und zur Mitte hin nimmt die Helligkeit zu - die Außengrenzen wirken diffus
EASY

NGC 7640 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_232206.58_+405043.54_10_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: NGC7640, UGC12554, H2.600
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h22m06.58s / +40°50'43.54"
Brightness / Size: 11m1 / 10.0x2.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very elongated with brighter, elongated core. Overall fairly faint.
MODERATE

NGC 7662 (PN)

../dss/dss2blue_232553.60_+423206.00_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC7662, PK106-17.1, H4.18, Blue Snowball Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h25m53.60s / +42°32'06.00"
Brightness / Size: 8m2 / 1.0x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
B 8x40, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.0
Well seen with averted vision, stellar.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7+
Bright, compact, nearly stellar. Slightly extended with averted vision. At 100x obviously extended and recognisable as a nebula.

EASY
152mm f/8, 171x, Bortle 7, SQM-L 19.0
At 171x with and without UHC (S) filter a well defined, round, not completely homogeneous nebula. At 300x the nebula showed a reasonably well visible darkening on the west side.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Easy to find, very bright, compact. At low magnification similar to a slightly fuzzy star. At 100x obviously extended, round, slightly turquoise colored.

EASY
René Merting
100mm f/6.4, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x ist indirekt ein kleines unscharfes Sternchen sichtbar - bei 49x dann ein flächiger diffuser heller Nebel - bei 160x ist der PN noch immer sehr hell und als klar begrenzte runde Scheibe erkennbar

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 240x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x schön hell, groß und rund mit leicht bläulichen Farbeindruck - der PN strahlt ein wenig dreckig wird und zur Mitte hin heller - nordöstlich ist ein schwacher Stern sichtbar - bei 160x rund mit definierten Grenzen und homogen hell - bei allen weiteren Vergrößerungen bleibt der PN rund und zeigt kaum Helligkeitsunterschiede - bei 240x zeigt sich NGC 7662 leicht elliptisch und zwei Sterne im Nordosten sind sichtbar
EASY

NGC 7686 (OC)

../dss/dss2blue_232941.30_+491012.00_25_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 25×25'
Name: NGC7686, H8.69
Type: OC
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h29m41.30s / +49°10'12.00"
Brightness / Size: 5m6 / 15.0x15.0'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7
Around brighter star just some scattered stars visible. Not evident. Also used a magnification of 100x.
MODERATE

NGC 7707 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_233451.42_+441814.18_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC7707, UGC12683, H3.579
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h34m51.42s / +44°18'14.18"
Brightness / Size: 13m4 / 1.3x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4
Well seen with averted vision as faint, roundish brightening. Already seen at 100x, but it appeared fairly faint.
MODERATE

NGC 7831 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_000719.52_+323633.41_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC7831, IC1530, UGC60
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h07m19.52s / +32°36'33.41"
Brightness / Size: 12m8 / 1.5x0.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Evenly bright, very elongated, relatively faint. Held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC 7836 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_000801.63_+330414.87_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC7836, UGC65
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h08m01.63s / +33°04'14.87"
Brightness / Size: 13m8 / 0.9x0.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Round, small, compact. Fairly well seen with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

ST And (C*)

Name: ST And
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h38m45.13s / +35°46'21.22"
Brightness: 7m7-11m8 (326.6d)
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 75x
2013-10-17: Very faint with unfortunately passing high clouds. Barely seen with direct vision. I thought seeing some red color, but not for sure.

4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7, NELM 4m5
2014-10-15: At 28x obviously deep orange colored. At 75x reddish, partly crimson.
RED COLORED

STF 24 (**)

Name: STF24
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h18m30.59s / +26°08'25.10"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
7m8 8m4 5.1" 247° 2017
Robert Zebahl
70mm f/5.7, 66x, Bortle 6-
Well split with visible difference in brightness.

STF 28 & FYM 12 (**)

Name: STF28 & FYM12, WDS00239+2930
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h23m53.23s / +29°30'09.10"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
STF28 AB 8m3 8m6 33.2" 224° 2016
FYM12 AC 8m3 8m9 145.9" 137° 2016
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 28x, Seeing 3/5
STF28 (AB): 2020-11-02: At 28x beautifully separated, moderately bright with slight difference in brightness. A subtle color difference was visible: pale yellow-orange & pale white-bluish. At 62x a very similar color impression was seen. The double star forms an acute triangle with a faint field star located southeast.

STF 33 (**)

Name: STF33
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h30m58.47s / +34°05'53.90"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m8 8m9 2.8" 213° 2017
Robert Zebahl
70mm f/5.7, 128x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Components equally bright, easy to split.

STF 40 (**)

Name: STF40
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h35m09.63s / +36°49'56.20"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB 6m7 8m5 11.8" 313° 2018
AC 6m7 12m8 25.4" 121° 2015
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 62x, Seeing 3/5
AB: 2020-11-02: At 28x instantly separable, medium bright with a clear difference in brightness. Component A showed up in a bright orange, B rather colorless. At 62x very nice sight. A: bright orange, B: grey-bluish.

STF 47 & BU 1348 (**)

Name: STF47 & BU1348, WDS00403+2403
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h40m19.78s / +24°03'14.00"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
STF47 AB 7m2 8m8 16.6" 205° 2015
BU1348 AC 7m2 11m1 46.5" 233° 2015
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 28x, Seeing 3/5
STF47 (AB): 2020-11-02: Easy to separate with a clear difference in brightness. Moderately conspicuous. The primary component appeared whitish with a faint companion.

STF 52 (**)

Name: STF52, V355 And
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h44m11.27s / +46°14'08.20"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
7m9 8m9 1.4" 2017
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 187x, Seeing 3/5
2020-11-02: At 171x to some extent, at 187x and 224x slightly elongated. The seeing was only mediocre.

STF 55 (**)

Name: STF55
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h44m22.95s / +33°37'05.60"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m3 8m9 2.3" 331° 2016
Robert Zebahl
70mm f/5.7, 128x, Bortle 7+, SQM-L 18.8
Well split with noticeable difference in brightness.

STF 72 (**)

Name: STF72
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h54m37.50s / +39°10'09.70"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m4 9m3 23.3" 173° 2015
Robert Zebahl
152mm f/5.9, 22x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Easy with moderate difference in brightness. Both components appeared orange, the fainter one slightly more intense. The color was well visible at 69x.

STF 73 (**)

Name: STF73, 36 And
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h54m58.02s / +23°37'42.40"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB 6m1 6m5 1.1" 334° 2018
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 125x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Clearly visible as figure '8' with a rather small difference in brightness.

152mm f/5.9, 300x
Split with little gap in between and little difference in brightness. Seeing was not really good.

STF 102 (**)

Name: STF102
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h17m47.96s / +49°00'30.50"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB 7m3 9m2 0.5" 271° 2016
AB-C 7m2 8m8 10.0" 223° 2015
AB-D 7m2 10m8 23.6" 58° 2015
CD 8m8 10m8 33.5" 54° 2015
DE 10m8 10m2 98.5" 356° 2015
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 62x, Seeing 3/5
AB-C: 2020-11-02: At 28x clearly separated, fairly close together with a clear difference in brightness. The close pair AB appeared whitish with faint companion C. At 62x AB appeared white-yellowish, C grey-blue.

STF 104 (**)

Name: STF104
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h16m57.09s / +38°27'38.70"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m0 9m8 13.4" 323° 2015
Robert Zebahl
152mm f/5.9, 69x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Easy, rather close pair, but with a clear difference in brightness. Primary component appeared slightly orange, companion slightly grey-bluish.

STF 108 (**)

Name: STF108
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h18m47.00s / +37°23'10.60"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
6m5 9m6 6.4" 62° 2017
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 75x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.1
Easily split with big difference in brightness.

152mm f/5.9, 69x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Easy and pretty uneven. Primary component appeared slightly yellowish.

STF 141 (**)

Name: STF141
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h40m03.42s / +38°58'10.70"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m3 8m6 1.7" 303° 2018
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 125x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Clearly separated, but still very close. Slightly uneven.

STF 149 (**)

Name: STF149
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h44m30.83s / +39°57'31.10"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m2 9m3 1.4" 81° 2018
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 160x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
At 125x almost split, noticeably uneven. At 160x split, but pretty tight.

STF 154 (**)

Name: STF154
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h45m02.50s / +43°42'22.80"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m6 8m8 5.2" 127° 2016
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 62x, Seeing 3/5
2020-11-02: At 28x clearly elongated, at 62x very finely separated with similar bright components. Pale orange & pale blue. At 125x similar color impression.

STF 179 (**)

Name: STF179
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h53m10.72s / +37°19'16.30"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
7m6 8m1 3.5" 160° 2018
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 62x, Seeing 3/5
2020-11-02: At 62x very nice sight! Finely separated pair of almost equally bright components. At 125x a small difference in brightness is visible. Pale orange & slightly bluish.

STF 205 & STT 38 & BAR 22 (**)

Name: STF205 & STT38 & BAR22, gamma And, 57 And, Alamak
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h03m53.92s / +42°19'47.50"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
STF205 A-BC 2m3 5m0 9.4" 63° 2016
STT38 BC 5m3 6m5 0.2" 96° 2010
BAR22 AD 2m3 15m0 27.9" 245° 1898

../images/binary-star-orbits/STT38-BC-orbit.jpg

Robert Zebahl
63mm f/13.3, 42x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
A-BC: Easy to split with quite large difference in brightness.

152mm f/5.9, 100x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
A-BC: Very easy. A: orange, BC: rather white.

STF 245 (**)

Name: STF245
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h18m36.27s / +40°16'43.70"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB 7m3 8m0 11.0" 294° 2015
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 50x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Both components well seen with noticeable difference in brightness.

STF 249 (**)

Name: STF249
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h21m35.66s / +44°35'59.70"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
7m2 9m0 2.4" 197° 2018
Robert Zebahl
63mm f/13.3, 168x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Not separated. The diffraction disk showed again and again irregularities, which indicated a double star.

STF 3042 (**)

Name: STF3042
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h51m52.40s / +37°53'28.40"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
7m6 7m8 5.8" 87° 2017
Robert Zebahl
55mm f/9.1, 25x, Bortle 7, SQM-L 19.0
Split, tight, nearly equally bright.

STF 3050 (**)

Name: STF3050
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h59m29.33s / +33°43'26.90"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB 6m5 6m7 2.5" 342° 2018

../images/binary-star-orbits/STF3050-AB-orbit.jpg

Robert Zebahl
55mm f/9.1, 83x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m0+, SQM-L 19.1
At 83x seen as '8'. From 100x to 166x seen as '8', temporarily visible with space between.

70mm f/5.7, 100x
Wonderful double star. Easy to split with slight difference in brightness.

STFA 1 (**)

Name: STFA1
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h46m24.34s / +30°56'33.50"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB 7m2 7m4 47.8" 47° 2018
Robert Zebahl
B 8x40, Bortle 7, SQM-L 19.0
Large distance with visible difference in brightness. I used a tripod.

STT 21 (**)

Name: STT21
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h03m01.54s / +47°22'34.10"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
6m8 8m1 1.3" 175° 2018

../images/binary-star-orbits/STT21-orbit.jpg

Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 160x, Seeing 3/5
2020-11-02: The double star appears clearly elongated, but with no visible notch.

STT 509 (**)

Name: STT509
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h50m30.87s / +43°25'09.40"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
8m1 9m9 5.5" 105° 2016
Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 125x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.0
Easy to separate with a clear difference in brightness. The fainter companion appeared only as a tiny, faint, well detached star. At a distance of about 20 arc minutes to the east is the much tighter double star BU 728.

STT 515 (**)

Name: STT515, phi And, 42 And
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h09m30.12s / +47°14'30.60"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB 4m6 5m6 0.6" 115° 2016

../images/binary-star-orbits/STT515-AB-orbit.jpg

Robert Zebahl
102mm f/11, 280x, Seeing 3-4/5
2020-11-04: Seeing 3-4/5; In no way separable or detectable as a double star.

152mm f/8, 300x, Seeing 3/5
2020-11-06: Seeing 3/5; Not detectable as a double star.

STTA 11 (**)

Name: STTA11
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h07m09.16s / +38°39'01.70"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
AB-C 7m6 8m8 59.3" 164° 2014
Robert Zebahl
152mm f/5.9, 22x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Pretty wide pair with moderate difference in brightness. At 69x the primary component appeared slightly orange, BC rather greyish.

STTA 17 & BKO 10 (**)

Name: STTA17 & BKO10
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h24m30.85s / +39°01'30.30"

Components:
m1 m2 ρ θ Year
STTA17 AB 8m0 9m8 35.4" 101° 2015
STTA17 AC 8m0 8m5 134.9" 347° 2014
STTA17 CD 8m5 9m8 68.9" 279° 2015
STTA17 CE 8m5 13m3 81.2" 14° 2015
BKO10 AF 8m0 11m2 141.7" 270° 2015
Robert Zebahl
152mm f/5.9, 22x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
The components A-D and F easily visible as a rather conspicuous group with comparatively large distances. I didn't pay attention to the component E. No brighter stars in the immediate vicinity. The pair AB and CD are very similar; CD a bit wider with opposite position angle. Very nice multiple star also for smaller telescopes.

SU And (C*)

Name: SU And
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h04m36.41s / +43°33'04.72"
Brightness: 8m0-8m5
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 75x
2013-10-17: At 28x rather faint, obviously orange to slightly red colored. At 75x occasionally purple colored.

RED COLORED
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7, NELM 4m5
2014-10-15: At 28x moderately bright, slightly orange colored. At 75x obviously orange. But overall less evident.
ORANGE COLORED

UGC 254 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_002621.47_+392945.03_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC254
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h26m21.47s / +39°29'45.03"
Brightness / Size: b15m8 / 0.9x0.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 216x, Bortle 4
Tried short.
FAILED

UGC 330 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_003341.80_+393241.36_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC330
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h33m41.80s / +39°32'41.36"
Brightness / Size: b14m7 / 0.8x0.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 5m9+, SQM-L 21.0
At 171x quite faint, at 216x elongated, slightly condensed.
MODERATE

UGC 338 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_003421.94_+393603.50_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: UGC338
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h34m21.94s / +39°36'03.50"
Brightness / Size: b15m5 / 1.0x0.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4
Only tried short yet.
FAILED

UGC 344 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_003451.31_+393241.10_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC344
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h34m51.31s / +39°32'41.10"
Brightness / Size: b15m1 / 1.0x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4 FAILED

UGC 622 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_010028.12_+475942.89_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC622
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h00m28.12s / +47°59'42.89"
Brightness / Size: b14m6 / 1.1x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m7+, SQM-L 20.9
Round, overall evenly bright. Center appeared somewhat brighter. A nearby 7.13m star interferes, so I can higher recommend eyepieces with narrow field of view (e.g. orthos).
MODERATE

UGC 1493 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_020054.92_+381238.37_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1493, PGC7646
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h00m54.92s / +38°12'38.37"
Brightness / Size: b14m0 / 2.3x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Galaxy was only about 45° above horizon.
FAILED

UGC 1691 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_021213.44_+391407.49_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1691
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h12m13.44s / +39°14'07.49"
Brightness / Size: b14m6 / 1.8x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Roundish with brighter center. Fairly well visible with averted vision.
MODERATE

UGC 1721 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_021434.13_+372428.52_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1721
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h14m34.13s / +37°24'28.52"
Brightness / Size: b14m5 / 2.3x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Object was only about 40° above the horizon.
FAILED

UGC 1807 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022113.40_+424544.00_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1807
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h21m13.40s / +42°45'44.00"
Brightness / Size: b16m5 / 2.5x2.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 5m9+, SQM-L 21.0
I glimpsed something roundish, evenly bright and extremely faint, but I'm not really sure.
FAILED

UGC 1810 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022128.70_+392232.65_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1810
Group: Arp273
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h21m28.70s / +39°22'32.65"
Brightness / Size: 12m9 / 2.0x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
At 100x extremely faint brightening. At 171x oval or slightly elongated, quite faint and evenly bright.
MODERATE

UGC 1813 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022132.61_+392124.70_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1813
Group: Arp273
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h21m32.61s / +39°21'24.70"
Brightness / Size: 14m2 / 1.1x0.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m0, SQM-L 20.9
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Unfortunately not seen, but the nearby UGC1810. Both galaxies were only about 45° above the horizon.
FAILED

UGC 1832 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_022231.11_+430354.87_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1832
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h22m31.11s / +43°03'54.87"
Brightness / Size: b15m4 / 1.3x0.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 5m9+, SQM-L 21.0
Oval, slight brightening toward the middle. Glimpsed with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

UGC 1837 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022258.48_+430043.10_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1837
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h22m58.48s / +43°00'43.10"
Brightness / Size: 14m1 / 1.2x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 5m9+, SQM-L 21.0
Faint, slightly elongated, somewhat brighter center.
MODERATE

UGC 1840 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022311.42_+412204.77_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1840, Arp145
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h23m11.42s / +41°22'04.77"
Brightness / Size: 13m4 / 1.5x1.3'
Arp145 actually consists of two galaxies: The brighter PGC9062 (=UGC1840) and the much fainter PGC9060 (v17.8m), which is located in the southwestern part of the "donut".

Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4
Small, round, slightly darkening toward the edge. Faint star pair nearby. The "donut" (that's no image artifact!) needs more aperture for sure.
Hint: Galaxy located less than 5' from a bright 5.8m star. I recommend an eyepiece with narrow field of view and less internal reflections! A 6mm ortho worked fine for me :-)
DIFFICULT

UGC 1841 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022311.41_+425931.38_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1841
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h23m11.41s / +42°59'31.38"
Brightness / Size: 12m3 / 2.2x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4, NELM 5m9+, SQM-L 21.0
Nearby a brighter star, roundish with slightly brighter core, rather faint.
MODERATE

UGC 1858 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022447.28_+414052.63_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1858
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h24m47.28s / +41°40'52.63"
Brightness / Size: 14m9 / 1.3x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4 FAILED

UGC 1859 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022444.41_+423722.57_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1859
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h24m44.41s / +42°37'22.57"
Brightness / Size: 13m9 / 1.7x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 5m9+, SQM-L 21.0
Slightly elongated with somewhat brighter center.
MODERATE

UGC 1866 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_022507.41_+415105.55_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC1866
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h25m07.41s / +41°51'05.55"
Brightness / Size: 14m2 / 0.9x0.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4 FAILED

UGC 2034 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_023342.92_+403143.20_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC2034
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h33m42.92s / +40°31'43.20"
Brightness / Size: 13m2 / 2.8x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Tried at 80x and 150x.
FAILED

UGC 12588 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_232442.30_+412054.00_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC12588
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h24m42.30s / +41°20'54.00"
Brightness / Size: 13m0 / 1.7x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Extremely faint, round. Even seen at 133x & 171x.

DIFFICULT
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 111x zeigt sich indirekt ein runder homogen heller Nebelfleck
MODERATE

UGC 12632 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_232958.78_+405925.20_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC12632
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h29m58.78s / +40°59'25.20"
Brightness / Size: 12m1 / 4.5x3.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Nothing seen at 37x & 100x.
FAILED

UGC 12889 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_000001.68_+471628.28_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC12889
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h00m01.68s / +47°16'28.28"
Brightness / Size: 12m6 / 2.1x1.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Roundish, very faint, evenly bright. Hold for sure with averted vision. At 210x more easily seen.
DIFFICULT

UY And (C*)

Name: UY And
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h38m23.79s / +39°10'09.93"
Brightness: 7m4-12m3
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 3, NELM 6m4
2013-10-01: Visible with direct vision. Orange, occasionally red.
RED COLORED

VX And (C*)

Name: VX And
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h19m54.02s / +44°42'33.90"
Brightness: 7m5-9m7 (375d)
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 28x
2013-10-16: Quite bright, deep orange to slightly red colored.

ORANGE COLORED
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7, NELM 4m5
2014-10-15: Moderately bright, appeared obviously orange colored. At 75x deep orange.
ORANGE COLORED

VY And (C*)

Name: VY And
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h01m49.47s / +45°53'09.11"
Brightness: 9m6-11m8 (149d)
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7, NELM 4m5
2013-10-22: Quite faint, purple colored.

RED COLORED
152mm f/8, 92x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.4
2020-11-18: At 30x medium bright, deep orange, at 92x intense bright red. I estimated the brightness at 10m2.
RED COLORED