- Galaxies & Groups (vir) -

And (96) Cep (5) Cyg (20) Lac (19) Ori (4) Tau (1)
Aql (3) Cet (25) Del (13) Leo (112) Peg (134) Tri (50)
Aqr (11) CMa (2) Dra (70) Lep (4) Per (31) UMa (164)
Ari (36) CMi (5) Equ (5) Lib (1) Psc (59) UMi (4)
Aur (1) Cnc (60) Eri (3) LMi (31) Pup (1) Vir (112)
Boo (19) Com (102) Gem (35) Lyn (66) Ser (16) Vul (3)
Cam (53) CrB (31) Her (39) Lyr (21) Sex (13)
Cas (6) CVn (86) Hya (4) Oph (2) Sgr (1)

3C273 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_122906.70_+020308.66_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: 3C273
Type: GLX, SY1, Q
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h29m06.70s / +02°03'08.66"
Brightness / Size: 12m8 / -
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.6
Stellar brightening. Easily seen with averted vision.
EASY

Arp 76 (GLXGRP)

../dss/dss2red_123648.00_+131130.00_15_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 15×15'
Name: Arp76
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h36m48.00s / +13°11'30.00"

Group Members:
M90 (NGC4569, UGC7786) 9m5 9.9x4.4' (23°)
IC3583 (UGC7784) 12m8 2.2x1.1'
The fainter IC3583 is located NNW of M90.

Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
I only focused on the bright Messier 90. Very elongated (1:4) with bright, very compact core. Core area also slightly elongated. Otherwise rather evenly bright.
EASY

Arp 116 (GLXGRP)

../dss/dss2blue_124337.00_+113400.00_12_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: Arp116
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h43m37.00s / +11°34'00.00"

Group Members:
M60 (NGC4649, UGC7898) 8m8 7.4x6.0' (105°)
NGC4647 (UGC7896, H3.44) 11m3 2.9x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Messier 60: At 60x very bright center with fainter, slightly oval halo. At 28x Messier 60 appeared more roundish. Easily seen with direct vision.

NGC4647: Quite faint, roundish, evenly bright. Only seen with averted vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8

Messier 60: Very bright, round, extended core area with large, fainter, round halo. Of course also well visible at low power.

NGC4647: Roundish, evenly bright. Evident with averted vision.

EASY
René Merting
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
M 60: ein heller diffuser Nebelfleck mit Helligkeitsanstieg zur Mitte hin

NGC 4647: offenbart sich nicht
EASY

Arp 120 (GLXGRP)

../dss/dss2blue_122742.00_+130200.00_12_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: Arp120, The Eyes
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h27m42.00s / +13°02'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4435 (UGC7575, H1.28.1) 10m8 3.0x2.2' (15°)
NGC4438 (UGC7574, H1.28.2) 10m2 8.5x3.0' (20°)
These galaxies were first called 'The Eyes' by Leland S. Copeland in 1955 in a 'Sky & Telescope' article, based on their visual appearance.

Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
NGC4435 appears with nearly stellar, bright core, NGC4438 is slightly elongated with also bright core.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
NGC 4435: indirekt klein und kompakt, fast stellar

NGC 4438: südöstlich von der stellar wirkenden Galaxie NGC 4435 erkennbar - sie ist doppelt so groß wie die Nachbargalaxie
MODERATE

Arp 134 (GLXGRP)

../dss/dss2blue_122950.00_+075830.00_15_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Arp134
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h29m50.00s / +07°58'30.00"

Group Members:
M49 (NGC4472, UGC7629) 8m3 10.2x8.3' (155°)
UGC7636 (PGC41258) 14m8 1.1x0.9'
The much more fainter UGC7636 is located southeastern of M49, western of a brighter star.

Robert Zebahl
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 7
M49: Still visible with direct vision but less evident. Roundish, brightening toward the middle.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
M49: Very bright, slightly oval nucleus with faint halo.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
M 49 ist direkt knapp erkennbar - indirekt ein deutlich sichtbarer Nebelfleck, der zur Mitte hin leicht heller wird

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
M 49 ist kompakt und sehr hell - stellares Zentrum

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 32x, SQM-L 21.5
M 49 bei 32x auffällig, zur Mitte hin heller werdend mit sehr kompaktem fast stellarem Zentrum - die Galaxie läuft ganz sanft diffus nach außen aus
EASY

Arp 271 (GLXGRP)

../dss/dss2red_140326.00_-060300.00_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 8×8'
Name: Arp271
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h03m26.00s / -06°03'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC5426 (UGCA380, H2.309) 12m1 3.0x1.7' (173°)
NGC5427 (UGCA381, H2.310) 11m4 2.9x2.2' (170°)
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.2
At 37x both galaxies appeared together as oval brightening, whereby the brighter, northern NGC5427 was already visible as round, evenly bright, but faint nebula. NGC5426 was barely seen with averted vision. At 80x the galaxies were well separated. NGC5426 appeared slightly elongated and also evenly bright.
MODERATE

IC 719 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_114018.49_+090035.50_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: IC719, UGC6633
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 11h40m18.49s / +09°00'35.50"
Brightness / Size: b13m6 / 1.2x0.4'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x ein schwacher, nicht scharfstellbarer Stern - bei 144x leicht länglich, gut begrenzt und homogen hell, wie ein Reiskorn - NO-SW-Elongation
EASY

IC 724 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_114334.67_+085633.18_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: IC724, UGC6695
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 11h43m34.67s / +08°56'33.18"
Brightness / Size: b13m8 / 2.4x0.7'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x indirekt relativ hell und länglich erkennbar - bei 144x direkt knapp sichtbar - indirekt zeigt sich das Zentrum auch länglich, gut definierte Außenkanten - Elongation 3:1
EASY

IC 771 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121513.20_+131104.26_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC771
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h15m13.20s / +13°11'04.26"
Brightness / Size: b14m9 / 0.7x0.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Compact, round brightening. Barely held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

IC 1066 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_145302.83_+031745.18_7_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 7×7'
Name: IC1066, UGC9573
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h53m02.83s / +03°17'45.18"
Brightness / Size: 13m2 / 1.2x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 120x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Roundish, quite compact, a bit smaller than IC1067. Rather faint.
MODERATE

IC 1067 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_145305.23_+031954.18_7_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 7×7'
Name: IC1067, UGC9574
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h53m05.23s / +03°19'54.18"
Brightness / Size: 12m5 / 2.0x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 120x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Roundish, relatively small, but larger than IC1066.
MODERATE

IC 3074 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_121546.00_+104203.34_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: IC3074, UGC7279
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h15m46.00s / +10°42'03.34"
Brightness / Size: 14m2 / 2.3x0.3'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
diese Superthin habe ich nicht gesehen - Nacht mit schlechtem Seeing
FAILED

IC 3322A (GLX)

../dss/dss1_122542.63_+071300.15_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: IC3322A, UGC7513
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h25m42.63s / +07°13'00.15"
Brightness / Size: 12m9 / 2.3x0.5'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x zeigt sich die Superthin indirekt mit einer NS-Elongation von 5:1 - bei 111x und 160x kann sie dann indirekt gut gehalten werden - sie bleibt schwach - ein zarter gut begrenzter Strich - relativ leicht
EASY

IC 3474 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_123236.93_+023949.57_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: IC3474, UGC7687
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h32m36.93s / +02°39'49.57"
Brightness / Size: b15m0 / 2.3x0.4'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
wieder eine IC-Superthin, die ich nicht gesehen habe - die IC's scheinen alle ein Stück weit schwerer zu sein als viele der UGC-Superthins
FAILED

IC 3608 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_123837.33_+102834.29_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: IC3608, UGC7808
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h38m37.33s / +10°28'34.29"
Brightness / Size: b15m4 / 3.3x0.4'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
schon 2x probiert - 2x keine Chance - die IC-Superthins sind zum Verzweifeln
FAILED

IC 3611 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_123904.00_+132149.68_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: IC3611, UGC7817
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h39m04.00s / +13°21'49.68"
Brightness / Size: b14m7 / 1.4x0.7'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x indirekt als diffuser, dumpfer, matter Schimmer erkennbar - kann mitunter auch gehalten werden
MODERATE

IC 3631 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_123948.02_+125826.30_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: IC3631, UGC7825
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h39m48.02s / +12°58'26.30"
Brightness / Size: b14m5 / 1.1x0.7'
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x direkt sehr kompakt und schwach - indirekt mit einem recht hellen Zentrum und diffusen, schwachen Außenrändern
EASY

M 49 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122946.80_+080001.48_11_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 11×11'
Name: M49, NGC4472, UGC7629
Group: Arp134, Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h29m46.80s / +08°00'01.48"
Brightness / Size: 8m3 / 10.2x8.3'
Robert Zebahl
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 7
Still visible with direct vision but less evident. Roundish, brightening toward the middle.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Very bright, slightly oval nucleus with faint halo.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
direkt knapp erkennbar - indirekt ein deutlich sichtbarer Nebelfleck, der zur Mitte hin leicht heller wird

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
kompakt und sehr hell - stellares Zentrum

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
sehr auffällig - diffus mit deutlicher Helligkeitszunahme zum Zentrum hin

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 32x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x auffällig, zur Mitte hin heller werdend mit sehr kompaktem fast stellarem Zentrum - die Galaxie läuft ganz sanft diffus nach außen aus
EASY

M 58 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123743.60_+114905.12_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M58, NGC4579, UGC7796
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h37m43.60s / +11°49'05.12"
Brightness / Size: 9m7 / 6.0x4.8'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
At 28x faint, roundish, rather evenly bright. At 60x bright, compact nucleus with elongated core area and round halo.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Oval with much brighter, also oval central area.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt als matter diffuser Schimmer erkennbar, aber nicht so hell wie M 59 und M 60

MODERATE
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt einfach, auf den ersten Blick homogen hell und diffus - bei näherer Betrachtung leichter Helligkeitsanstieg zur Mitte hin

MODERATE
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
direkt einfach - indirekt hell und diffus, nicht ganz rund

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 71x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x auffällig neben einem Stern, mindestens so hell wie M 60 - die Helligkeit nimmt zur Mitte hin leicht zu - leicht unrund - indirekt blitzt südwestlich in der Galaxie immer wieder eine stellare Aufhellung hervor - bei 71x fällt das kompakte Zentrum auf, äußerer Halo ganz zart und diffus
EASY

M 59 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124202.32_+113848.95_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M59, NGC4621, UGC7858
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h42m02.32s / +11°38'48.95"
Brightness / Size: 9m7 / 5.4x3.7'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
At 28x roundish, rather small. At 60x very bright, compact center with roundish (?), faint halo. Barely seen with direct vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Oval with much brighter center. Central area also slightly oval with very compact core.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt ein schwacher diffuser Schimmer

MODERATE
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
unauffälliger als M 60, kleiner und auch nicht ganz so hell, aber einfach sichtbar

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
ein diffuser Nebelfleck mit hellerem Zentrum, ähnlich wie M 60, nur schwächer

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 71x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x indirekt leicht unrund - sonst ähnlich wie M 60, nur nicht ganz so hell im Zentrum - bei 71x zeigt sich das Zentrum gut abgegrenzt
EASY

M 60 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124340.01_+113309.40_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M60, NGC4649, UGC7898
Group: Arp116, Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h43m40.01s / +11°33'09.40"
Brightness / Size: 8m8 / 7.4x6.0'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
At 60x very bright center with fainter, slightly oval halo. At 28x the galaxy appeared more roundish.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Very bright, round, extended core area with large, fainter, round halo. Of course also well visible at low power.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt einfach - ein diffuser Nebel, der zur Mitte leicht heller wird - Zentrum quasistellar

MODERATE
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
ein heller diffuser Nebelfleck mit Helligkeitsanstieg zur Mitte hin

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
direkt einfach, ein diffuser Nebelfleck, der zum Zentrum deutlich heller wird - indirekt quasistellares Zentrum

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 71x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x auffällig, heller kompakter Kernbereich, schwacher äußerer Halo - bei 71x wirkt die Galaxie doppelt so groß wie die nahe M 59 - M 60 mit sehr hellem kompaktem Zentrum

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 36x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x groß und gleißend hell - Zentrum heller und recht kompakt
EASY

M 61 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122154.95_+042824.92_7_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: M61, NGC4303, UGC7420, H1.139
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h21m54.95s / +04°28'24.92"
Brightness / Size: 9m7 / 6.2x5.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Bright, round nucleus.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.0
indirekt zeigt sich ein homogen heller Nebelfleck, direkt ist kaum etwas wahrnehmbar

MODERATE
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.0
auffällig, ein fast runder Nebelfleck - fast rund und mäßig begrenzt sichtbar

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 32x, SQM-L 21.0
bei 32x ein homogen heller Fleck, an den Rändern diffus

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.0
bei 36x ist M 61 deutlich erkennbar als homogen heller Fleck - bei 72x zeigt sich das Zentrum stellar - bei 111x wird ein Vordergrundstern innerhalb der Galaxie sichtbar und sie sieht ein wenig aus wie gewischt, gegen den Uhrzeigersinn
EASY

M 84 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122503.74_+125313.14_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M84, NGC4374, UGC7494
Group: Virgo-Cluster, Markarian's chain
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h25m03.74s / +12°53'13.14"
Brightness / Size: 9m2 / 6.0x5.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Round with brighter core.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
auffällig, kompakter als M 86

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
ein diffuser Fleck, der zu Mitte hin heller wird, kompaktes Zentrum

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
diffus, aber kleiner und kompakter als M 86 - relativ helles, kompaktes Zentrum

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 32x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x kompakt und ein helleres Zentrum als M 86

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 36x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x ist die Galaxie deutlich erkennbar und etwas kleiner als M 86
EASY

M 86 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122611.81_+125645.49_11_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 11×11'
Name: M86, NGC4406, UGC7532
Group: Virgo-Cluster, Markarian's chain
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h26m11.81s / +12°56'45.49"
Brightness / Size: 8m9 / 10.2x6.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Bright, slightly oval core with oval halo.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
auffällig, die Galaxie wirkt ein wenig nach SO verwischt

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
etwa genauso groß und hell wie M 84, M 86 wirkt aber leicht diffuser

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
groß, hell und sehr diffus - die Galaxie wirkt leicht unrund

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 32x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x großflächig und ein schwächer leuchtendes Zentrum als M 84

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 36x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x wirkt die Galaxie größer und heller als die Nachbarin M 84
EASY

M 87 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123049.42_+122328.04_9_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: M87, NGC4486, UGC7654, Arp152
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h30m49.42s / +12°23'28.04"
Brightness / Size: 8m6 / 8.3x6.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Round with bright, compact core area and faint halo.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
auffällig - unterhalb eines Sterns als diffuser Nebel erkennbar - Helligkeitszunahme zur Mitte hin

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
groß, hell und leicht oval - im Zentrum deutlich heller

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
groß und diffus mit einem sanften Helligkeitsanstieg zum kompakten Zentrum hin
EASY

M 89 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123539.88_+123321.74_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M89, NGC4552, UGC7760
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h35m39.88s / +12°33'21.74"
Brightness / Size: 9m8 / 5.3x4.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Bright, almost stellar core is most apparent at 37x. Roundish to slightly oval, rather faint halo.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt blitzt immer wieder ein diffuser schwacher kompakter Schimmer auf - zwei Sterne im Nordosten und Südwesten rahmen die Galaxie ein und helfen bei der Orientierung

DIFFICULT
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
sehr helles Zentrum, Außenbegrenzung sehr diffus

MODERATE
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
ein diffuser Nebelfleck mit Helligkeitszunahme zum Zentrum hin - kompakter Kern

MODERATE
100mm f/6.4, 32x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x direkt auffällig, indirekt zeigt sich ein quasistellares Zentrum
EASY

M 90 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_123649.82_+130946.33_10_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 10×10'
Name: M90, NGC4569, UGC7786
Group: Arp76, Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h36m49.82s / +13°09'46.33"
Brightness / Size: 9m5 / 9.9x4.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Very elongated (1:4) with bright, very compact core. Core area also slightly elongated. Otherwise rather evenly bright.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt recht gut als kleiner matter Fleck erkennbar

MODERATE
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
eine helle von Nord nach Süd ausgedehnte Ellipse, indirekt gut abgegrenzt sichtbar, direkt etwas diffuser

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
nicht sehr hell, aber trotzdem auffallend hübsch - ein langes gut begrenztes oval, homogen hell - Elongation NO-SW

EASY
100mm f/6.4, 71x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x direkt deutlich mit NO-SW-Elongation erkennbar - leichter Helligkeitsanstieg zum Zentrum hin - bei 49x wird die Elongation deutlicher, indirekt besehen wirkt das Zentrum stellar - bei 71x scheint die Galaxie in der Breite etwas zugenommen zu haben

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x groß, oval und sehr diffus - fast stellares Zentrum
EASY

M 104 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_123959.43_-113723.00_9_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 9×9'
Name: M104, NGC4594, H1.43, Sombrero Galaxy
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h39m59.43s / -11°37'23.00"
Brightness / Size: 8m0 / 8.6x4.2'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 40x, Bortle 7, NELM 5m0, SQM-L 19.1
Hazy sky, 1/3 moon: At 18x less obvious, getting a bit brighter toward the middle, slightly oval. At 40x obviously brighter center, oval shape, evident with averted vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Spindle shape at 37x rudimentarily, at 96x well seen. Very bright, nearly round core.

EASY
René Merting
B 10x50, SQM-L 21.5
Bedingungen in der Zielregion: SQM-L 20.5
ein länglicher Nebelstrich, hell, aber nicht homogen hell - der 10m1 helle Stern südwestlich blitzt regelmäßig auf

EASY
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
Bedingungen in der Zielregion: SQM-L 20.5
sehr hell und leicht länglich, OW-elongiert - westlich von der Galaxie sind zwei stellare Aufhellungen erkennbar

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
Bedingungen in der Zielregion: SQM-L 20.5
auffällig, OW-Elongation, Zentrum ebenfalls länglich - indirekt ist die Elongation besser erkennbar

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
Bedingungen in der Zielregion: SQM-L 20.5
bei 72x zeigt sich die Nordseite diffus und die Südseite der Ellipse deutlich definierter - unterhalb der Begrenzung war eigenartigerweise keine Aufhellung (Südteil der Galaxie unterhalb des Staubbandes) wahrnehmbar
EASY

MCG+2-31-76 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121633.69_+130152.48_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+2-31-76, PGC39331
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h16m33.69s / +13°01'52.48"
Brightness / Size: b15m2 / 0.5x0.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Hard to hold with averted vision, round, diffuse.
DIFFICULT

NGC 4168 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121217.23_+131219.27_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4168, UGC7203, H2.105
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h12m17.23s / +13°12'19.27"
Brightness / Size: 11m2 / 2.8x2.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Obvious, getting brighter toward the middle, very diffuse. Appeared roundish. Hardly visible with direct vision.
EASY

NGC 4193 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121353.59_+131022.46_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4193, IC3051, UGC7234, H2.163
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h13m53.59s / +13°10'22.46"
Brightness / Size: 12m3 / 2.2x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Quite faint, oval, slight brightening toward the middle.
MODERATE

NGC 4206 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121516.88_+130125.82_7_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: NGC4206, UGC7260, H2.165
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h15m16.88s / +13°01'25.82"
Brightness / Size: 12m2 / 6.4x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 75x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m1+, SQM-L 19.4
Despite great effort nothing seen.

FAILED
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Faint, thin, very elongated, evenly bright. Right next to bright NGC4216!

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 111x ist die Galaxie direkt gut zu erkennbar
EASY

NGC 4216 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121554.44_+130857.84_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC4216, UGC7284, H1.35, Silver Streak Galaxy
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h15m54.44s / +13°08'57.84"
Brightness / Size: 10m0 / 7.8x1.8'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 50x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m1+, SQM-L 19.4
Barely seen with direct vision, evident with averted vision, obviously elongated. The core area appeared brighter and also elongated. The core itself was just a compact brightening.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Seen with direct vision, evident, very elongated with bright, also elongated central area and stellar core. Darkening toward the edge. Wonderful view together with nearby, but fainter NGC4206!

EASY
René Merting
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
ein schwach schimmernder 3:1 elongierter Nebelfleck

MODERATE
100mm f/6.4, 64x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x zeigt sich ein schmaler Schimmer mit leichten Helligkeitsunterschieden - der Kern wirkt stellar - bei 64x wirkt das Zentrum noch immer, als ob dort ein heller Stern steht - Elongation 4:1 - die Enden laufen leicht diffus aus

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 36x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x als zarter schmaler Strich sichtbar - das Zentrum ist langgezogen, flächig und heller - schwach auslaufende Enden
EASY

NGC 4261 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121923.22_+054929.69_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4261, UGC7360, H2.139
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h19m23.22s / +05°49'29.69"
Brightness / Size: 10m4 / 4.1x3.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Small, bright, round core.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
direkt kompakt, schwach, fast stellar - indirekt heller, aber nicht größer - etwas diffuser
EASY

NGC 4270 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121949.44_+052748.14_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4270, UGC7376, H2.568
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h19m49.44s / +05°27'48.14"
Brightness / Size: 12m2 / 2.0x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5
Slightly elongated, thin & fairly faint.
MODERATE

NGC 4273 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121956.06_+052036.12_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4273, UGC7380, H2.569
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h19m56.06s / +05°20'36.12"
Brightness / Size: 11m9 / 2.3x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5
Slightly oval with brighter core area.
EASY

NGC 4281 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122021.53_+052311.15_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4281, UGC7389, H2.570, H2.573
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h20m21.53s / +05°23'11.15"
Brightness / Size: 11m3 / 3.0x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5
Slightly elongated with brighter, small core.
EASY

NGC 4365 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122428.23_+071903.07_7_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: NGC4365, UGC7488, H1.30
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h24m28.23s / +07°19'03.07"
Brightness / Size: 9m6 / 6.5x4.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Brigh core area with faint, oval halo.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
direkt auffällig - indirekt leicht oval (NO-SW-Ausdehnung), leicht helleres Zentrum - Außengrenzen mäßig diffus

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
die Galaxie ist bei 36x homogen hell und rund sichtbar - indirekt wird die Galaxie zu Mitte leicht heller - bei 72x zeigt sich ein helles kompaktes Zentrum und die Galaxie hat sehr diffuse Außenbereiche
EASY

NGC 4385 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_122542.81_+003421.32_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4385, UGC7515
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h25m42.81s / +00°34'21.32"
Brightness / Size: 12m5 / 2.1x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.6
Faint, roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 4388 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122546.82_+123943.45_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC4388, UGC7520, H2.168
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h25m46.82s / +12°39'43.45"
Brightness / Size: 11m0 / 5.6x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Thin, very elongated.

EASY
René Merting
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt ist ein zarter, schwacher Nebelhauch erkennbar

DIFFICULT
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt ab und an als diffuser, schwacher Schimmer sichtbar - leicht länglich und homogen hell

DIFFICULT
100mm f/6.4, 32x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x indirekt leicht länglich erkennbar

MODERATE
12.5" f/4.5, 36x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x zeigt sich diese Galaxie als schöner heller 2:1 elongierter Fleck
EASY

NGC 4402 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_122607.57_+130646.06_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4402, UGC7528
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h26m07.57s / +13°06'46.06"
Brightness / Size: 11m8 / 3.9x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5
Elongated, faint without distinct core.
MODERATE

NGC 4407 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122632.26_+123639.09_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4407, NGC4413, UGC7538, H2.169
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h26m32.26s / +12°36'39.09"
Brightness / Size: 11m9 / 2.3x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5
Only seen intermittently because of lacking dark adaptation.
MODERATE

NGC 4417 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122650.62_+093502.82_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4417, UGC7542, H2.155
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h26m50.62s / +09°35'02.82"
Brightness / Size: 11m1 / 3.3x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Well seen with averted vision, but unfortunately without any notes.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, SQM-L 21.5
mit etwas Konzentration zeigt sich indirekt ein kompakter, nebliger, leicht elongierter Schimmer
MODERATE

NGC 4424 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122711.58_+092513.87_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4424, UGC7561
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h27m11.58s / +09°25'13.87"
Brightness / Size: 11m7 / 3.5x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
The main target was the supernova SN2012cg, which was well seen. But the galaxy goes down in the haze and lightpolluted sky in the direction of Leipzig.
FAILED

NGC 4425 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122713.36_+124405.29_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4425, UGC7562, H2.170
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h27m13.36s / +12°44'05.29"
Brightness / Size: 11m8 / 2.8x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5
Elongated with fairly bright core.
MODERATE

NGC 4435 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122740.50_+130444.48_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4435, UGC7575, H1.28.1
Group: Arp120, The Eyes, Virgo-Cluster, Markarian's chain
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h27m40.50s / +13°04'44.48"
Brightness / Size: 10m8 / 3.0x2.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Nearly stellar, bright core.

EASY
René Merting
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
zusammen mit NGC 4438 sind zwei gleichgroße kompakte Nebelflecken erkennbar

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt klein und kompakt, fast stellar
MODERATE

NGC 4437 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_123245.59_+000654.14_11_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 11×11'
Name: NGC4437, NGC4517, UGC7694, H4.5
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h32m45.59s / +00°06'54.14"
Brightness / Size: 11m2 / 10.2x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
120mm f/5, 75x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m1+, SQM-L 19.4
Slightly elongated, getting a bit brighter toward the middle. Fairly well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.6
Quite easily seen nearby a moderately bright star. Very elongated, tapering endings, somewhat broadening toward the middle. Center appeared slightly brighter, otherwise rather evenly bright.

MODERATE
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.0
ein gut begrenzter Nebelstrich mit OW-Elongation - indirekt zeigt sich ein Sternchen am nördlichen Rand

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x deutlich erkennbar - nördlich der Galaxie ein wenig nach Osten versetzt steht ein Stern - die Galaxie ist recht schwach und wird zur Mitte hin breiter - bei 111x wirkt das Zentrum heller - Ausdehnung 5:1 - ein breiter Strich mit spitz auslaufenden Enden
EASY

NGC 4438 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122745.65_+130030.92_9_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: NGC4438, UGC7574, H1.28.2
Group: Arp120, The Eyes, Virgo-Cluster, Markarian's chain
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h27m45.65s / +13°00'30.92"
Brightness / Size: 10m2 / 8.5x3.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Slightly elongated with bright core.

EASY
René Merting
B 16x70, SQM-L 21.5
zusammen mit NGC 4435 sind zwei gleichgroße kompakte Nebelflecken erkennbar

EASY
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
NGC 4438 ist südöstlich von der stellar wirkenden Galaxie NGC 4435 erkennbar - sie ist doppelt so groß wie die Nachbargalaxie
EASY

NGC 4461 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122903.01_+131101.88_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4461, UGC7613, H2.122, H2.174
Group: Virgo-Cluster, Markarian's chain
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h29m03.01s / +13°11'01.88"
Brightness / Size: 11m2 / 3.4x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Slightly elongated, nearly evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 4476 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_122959.08_+122055.21_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4476, UGC7637, H2.123
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h29m59.08s / +12°20'55.21"
Brightness / Size: 12m2 / 1.8x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Faint, round, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 4478 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123017.44_+121942.88_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4478, UGC7645, H2.124
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h30m17.44s / +12°19'42.88"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 1.8x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Fairly bright, stellar core with round halo.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt sehr kompakt erkennbar, fast wie ein unscharfer Stern
MODERATE

NGC 4503 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123206.19_+111035.16_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4503, UGC7680, H2.66
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h32m06.19s / +11°10'35.16"
Brightness / Size: 11m1 / 3.5x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
At 80x still visible with direct vision, oval with slightly brighter center. At 150x oval, obviously brighter center. Core itself quite compact and round.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt ist ein kompakter zarter Nebelstreifen NO-SW-elongiert erkennbar - kompaktes Zentrum - kann mitunter auch indirekt gehalten werden
MODERATE

NGC 4517A (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_123228.12_+002323.10_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4517A, UGC7685
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h32m28.12s / +00°23'23.10"
Brightness / Size: 12m5 / 4.0x2.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.6
It stayed completely dark at 100x & 150x.
FAILED

NGC 4522 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123339.66_+091029.54_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4522, UGC7711
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h33m39.66s / +09°10'29.54"
Brightness / Size: 12m1 / 3.6x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Cigar-shaped, evenly bright, rather faint.
MODERATE

NGC 4526 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123403.03_+074156.90_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC4526, NGC4560, UGC7718, H1.31, H1.38
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h34m03.03s / +07°41'56.90"
Brightness / Size: 9m7 / 7.2x2.4'
Robert Zebahl
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 7
Only the bright core was visible. Roundish, fairly small.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Located between two evident stars. Already visible with direct vision at 37x as elongated nebula with much brighter core. At 111x oval (1:3). Core itself brighter and also oval, otherwise rather evenly bright.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
direkt gut sichtbar zwischen zwei hellen Sternen stehend - indirekt etwas heller - kompaktes Zentrum
EASY

NGC 4528 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123406.01_+111918.90_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4528, UGC7722, H2.67
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h34m06.01s / +11°19'18.90"
Brightness / Size: 12m1 / 1.6x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
At 80x very compact. At 150x slightly oval with somewhat brighter center. Barely perceptible with direct vision.
EASY

NGC 4531 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123415.85_+130431.90_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4531, UGC7729, H2.175
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h34m15.85s / +13°04'31.90"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 3.1x2.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Oval, evenly bright. I probably only saw the brighter core area!? Already visible at 37x as faint brightening.
MODERATE

NGC 4535 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123420.31_+081151.94_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC4535, UGC7727, H2.500
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h34m20.31s / +08°11'51.94"
Brightness / Size: 9m8 / 7.1x5.0'
Robert Zebahl
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 7

FAILED
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Appeared slightly mottled without distinct core.

MODERATE
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
direkt sichtbar, aber nicht sehr hell - indirekt homogen hell und sehr diffus
EASY

NGC 4550 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123530.61_+121315.44_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC4550, UGC7757, H1.36
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h35m30.61s / +12°13'15.44"
Brightness / Size: 11m7 / 3.3x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 112x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
At 112x apparently oval, evenly bright. At 60x rather faint.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Brighter than NGC4551, slightly elongated, evenly bright. At 150x barely visible with direct vision.
MODERATE

NGC 4551 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123537.98_+121550.44_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC4551, UGC7759, H1.37
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h35m37.98s / +12°15'50.44"
Brightness / Size: 12m0 / 1.8x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 112x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Slightly oval, evenly bright, faint.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Somewhat fainter than NGC4550, roundish. At 150x with slightly brighter center and barely visible with direct vision.
MODERATE

NGC 4564 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123626.99_+112621.55_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4564, UGC7773, H2.68
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h36m26.99s / +11°26'21.55"
Brightness / Size: 11m1 / 3.5x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Elongated, evenly bright.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
At 80x slightly elongated, evenly bright. Evident with averted vision. At 150x elongated, getting somewhat brighter and broader toward the middle.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt sehr schwach, immer wieder aufblitzend - leicht elongiert

DIFFICULT
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x indirekt erahnbar, leicht elongiert - bei 72x ist indirekt ein sehr helles Zentrum erkennbar - Galaxie mit NO-SW-Elongation
EASY

NGC 4567 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123632.70_+111528.33_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4567, UGC7777, H4.8
Group: Virgo Cluster, Siamese Twins
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h36m32.70s / +11°15'28.33"
Brightness / Size: 11m3 / 2.9x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Seen as oval, evenly bright nebula together with NGC4568. Even at 112x I could not separate these galaxies.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Oval, evenly bright. Touches the larger NGC4568.

MODERATE
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
zusammen mit NGC 4568 zunächst wie zwei schwache Sterne erkennbar - indirekt wirkt die Stelle leicht neblig bzw. zwei Nebel nebeneinander, die zum Zentrum hin leicht an Helligkeit zunehmen - ein Hammerteil

MODERATE
100mm f/6.4, 71x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x als ein matter homogen heller Fleck zusammen mit NGC 4568 erkennbar, diffus und ganz zart - bei 71x bilden beide Galaxien einen rechten Winkel mit harter Ost- und Nordkante, nach Westen und Süden diffuser
EASY

NGC 4568 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123634.29_+111419.07_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4568, UGC7776, H4.9
Group: Virgo Cluster, Siamese Twins
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h36m34.29s / +11°14'19.07"
Brightness / Size: 11m2 / 5.0x2.6'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Seen as oval, evenly bright nebula together with NGC4567. Even at 112x I could not separate these galaxies.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Oval, evenly bright, more elongated & larger than NGC4567. Touches NGC4567.

MODERATE
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
zusammen mit NGC 4567 zunächst wie zwei schwache Sterne erkennbar - indirekt wirkt die Stelle leicht neblig bzw. zwei Nebel nebeneinander, die zum Zentrum hin leicht an Helligkeit zunehmen

MODERATE
100mm f/6.4, 71x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 32x als ein matter homogen heller Fleck zusammen mit NGC 4567 erkennbar, diffus und ganz zart - bei 71x bilden beide Galaxien einen rechten Winkel mit harter Ost- und Nordkante, nach Westen und Süden diffuser
EASY

NGC 4578 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123730.55_+093318.44_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4578, UGC7793, H2.15
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h37m30.55s / +09°33'18.44"
Brightness / Size: 11m5 / 3.1x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Evident with averted vision. Roundish (?) with brighter center and quite compact core.

MODERATE
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
leider nicht zu sehen
FAILED

NGC 4584 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123817.83_+130636.08_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4584, UGC7803
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h38m17.83s / +13°06'36.08"
Brightness / Size: 12m9 / 1.4x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Just a short try.

FAILED
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x unauffällig, direkt gerade so sichtbar - indirekt ein kompakter, matter, diffuser Schimmer
MODERATE

NGC 4596 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_123955.94_+101033.71_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4596, UGC7828, H1.24
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h39m55.94s / +10°10'33.71"
Brightness / Size: 10m4 / 4.0x3.4'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Roundish with brighter center. Appeared brighter than nearby NGC4608.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
At 80x slightly oval and getting a bit brighter toward the middle. At 150x the oval shape and brighter center was more apparent. The center itself appeared also oval.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
direkt knapp sichtbar - indirekt als kompakte Aufhellung nordwestlich von einem schwachen Stern erkennbar

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 36x ist diese Galaxie recht hell nahe eines helleren Sterns erkennbar - bei 72x wird sie zur Mitte hin heller, die Ränder sind diffus - am südlichen Rand ist ein schwaches Sternchen zu erkennen
EASY

NGC 4606 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124057.56_+115443.87_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4606, UGC7839, H3.43
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h40m57.56s / +11°54'43.87"
Brightness / Size: 11m8 / 3.3x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Evident, elongated, almost evenly bright. Foreground star within the halo southwest of the core.
MODERATE

NGC 4607 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124112.41_+115311.86_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4607, UGC7843
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h41m12.41s / +11°53'11.86"
Brightness / Size: 12m8 / 2.9x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Very elongated and quite thin, faint, evenly bright.
DIFFICULT

NGC 4608 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124113.29_+100920.85_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4608, UGC7842, H2.69
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h41m13.29s / +10°09'20.85"
Brightness / Size: 11m0 / 3.3x2.9'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Roundish, evenly bright, fairly small. I guess only the bright center was visible.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Roundish, slightly brighter center, rather small. I probably did not saw the faint outer regions.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt ein schwacher diffuser Schimmer - kann mitunter auch länger gehalten werden - schwerer als NGC 4596

MODERATE
12.5" f/4.5, 72x, SQM-L 21.5
die Galaxie zeigt sich bereits bei Aufsuchvergrößerung 36x - bei 72x gleicher Anblick wie die nahestehende NGC 4596
EASY

NGC 4620 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124159.33_+125634.67_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4620, UGC7859
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h41m59.33s / +12°56'34.67"
Brightness / Size: 12m2 / 1.8x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
At 80x rather small, evenly bright, roundish. At 150x similar. Well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x ein leicht unrunder Nebelball - mitunter habe ich das Gefühl, hier zwei verschiedene Helligkeiten zu erfassen
EASY

NGC 4638 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124247.43_+112632.85_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4638, NGC4667, UGC7880, H2.70, H2.176
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h42m47.43s / +11°26'32.85"
Brightness / Size: 11m2 / 2.2x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Slightly elongated, evenly bright.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
At 80x rather small, oval, evenly bright. High surface brightness. Probably only the bright central area was visible.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt eine ganz kleine zarte Aufhellung - Sichtung lässt sich nicht beliebig wiederholen
DIFFICULT

NGC 4639 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_124252.35_+131527.13_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4639, UGC7884, H2.125
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h42m52.35s / +13°15'27.13"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 2.9x2.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Oval, slight brightening toward middle. Still visible with direct vision.

EASY
René Merting
12.5" f/4.5, 144x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 144x auffällig, westlich an einem Stern stehend erkennbar - direkt gut sichtbar - indirekt zum Zentrum leicht heller werdend
EASY

NGC 4647 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124332.54_+113456.89_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4647, UGC7896, H3.44
Group: Arp116
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h43m32.54s / +11°34'56.89"
Brightness / Size: 11m3 / 2.9x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Quite faint, roundish, evenly bright.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Roundish, evenly bright. Evident with averted vision.
EASY

NGC 4654 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124356.64_+130734.86_8_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC4654, IC3708, UGC7902, H2.126
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h43m56.64s / +13°07'34.86"
Brightness / Size: 10m4 / 5.0x3.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Slightly elongated, almost evenly bright.
EASY

NGC 4660 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124431.97_+111125.92_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4660, UGC7914, H2.71
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h44m31.97s / +11°11'25.92"
Brightness / Size: 11m2 / 2.1x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Quite compact, evenly bright.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
At 80x high surface brightness, slightly oval, brightening toward the middle. At 150x the galaxy and also the central area appeared more elongated. I think that I have seen a stellar brightening (core?), but I am not sure.
EASY

NGC 4666 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_124508.68_-002742.88_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4666, UGC7926, H1.15
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h45m08.68s / -00°27'42.88"
Brightness / Size: 10m7 / 4.5x1.4'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.3
At 37x obviously elongated, slightly condensed, relatively thin. At 80x and 150x easily visible with elongated, brighter core area, getting much fainter towards the edges. I glimpsed a stellar brightening within the galaxy, but could be also a delusion.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.0
indirekt ein leicht länglicher Schimmer - schwer zu finden, aber dann leicht zu halten
MODERATE

NGC 4684 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_124717.49_-024339.14_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4684, UGC7951, H2.181
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h47m17.49s / -02°43'39.14"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 2.8x1.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
At 37x pretty small and elongated, well seen with averted vision. At 80x elongated with tapering endings, relatively thin, high surface brightness, still pretty small, getting wider and brighter towards the middle. Barely visible with direct vision.
EASY

NGC 4694 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_124815.09_+105901.05_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4694, UGC7969, H2.72
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h48m15.09s / +10°59'01.05"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 3.3x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
Roundish (?), evenly bright, fairly faint. Probably only the bright center was visible.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
At 80x high surface brightness, oval, brightening toward the middle, well visible with averted vision. At 150x central area appeared oval with a compact core. Barely seen with direct vision.
EASY

NGC 4733 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_125106.78_+105443.57_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4733, UGC7997, H2.73
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h51m06.78s / +10°54'43.57"
Brightness / Size: 11m9 / 1.5x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Relatively faint, center slightly brighter, roundish.
MODERATE

NGC 4746 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_125155.37_+120458.90_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4746, UGC8007
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h51m55.37s / +12°04'58.90"
Brightness / Size: 12m6 / 2.1x0.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Elongated, evenly bright, rather faint.
MODERATE

NGC 4753 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_125222.11_-011158.88_6_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 6×6'
Name: NGC4753, UGC8009, H1.16
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h52m22.11s / -01°11'58.88"
Brightness / Size: 9m9 / 5.1x2.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.3
At 37x evident, bright, oval, barely condensed. At 80x the galaxy appeared overall oval with a pretty large, roundish, slightly brighter core area. At 150x the compact core was visible with averted vision.
EASY

NGC 4754 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_125217.56_+111849.18_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4754, UGC8010, H1.25, H2.74
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h52m17.56s / +11°18'49.18"
Brightness / Size: 10m6 / 4.4x2.4'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
At 60x roundish to slightly oval with much brighter, compact center.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
At 80x very bright, roundish, distinct, extended center with oval halo. At 150x I could see a stellar brightening within the center (core?).

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
indirekt ein kleiner, diffuser, matter Fleck - die Galaxie kann mitunter auch länger gehalten werden - einfacher als die benachbarte NGC 4762

MODERATE
12.5" f/4.5, 111x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x zeigt sich die Galaxie hell und rund, zur Mitte hin heller werdend mit stellarem Zentrum - bei 111x ist sie weiterhin sehr kompakt mit einem hellen großen Zentrum
EASY

NGC 4762 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_125256.05_+111350.88_9_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: NGC4762, UGC8016, H2.75
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h52m56.05s / +11°13'50.88"
Brightness / Size: 10m1 / 8.7x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5m3, SQM-L 19.7
At 60x thin, very elongated, evenly bright. Also visible at 28x as faint brightening.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Already well visible at 37x. At 80x elongated, very thin with high surface brightness. Core appeared almost stellar. At 150x about 3 arcminutes of size.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.5
die Galaxie steht schön zwischen zwei Sternen, sie ist indirekt als leicht längliche Aufhellung erkennbar, ziemlich schwach

MODERATE
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x bildet die Galaxie mit drei südlich stehenden Sternen eine ganz schmale Raute - eine sehr lange feine Spindel mit länglichem Zentrum - die Spitzen werden immer schwächer und laufen diffus aus - bei 72x zeigt sich die Spindel gut definiert und die Westseite wirkt etwas definierter - es ist nicht abschätzbar, wie weit den Enden gehen, so diffus laufen sie aus - Ausdehnung schätzungsweise 6:1 - bei 160x bester Anblick, das Zentrum fächert innen leicht auf (bestimmt nur ein Gefühl)
EASY

NGC 4772 (GLX)

../dss/dss1_125329.17_+021006.04_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC4772, UGC8021, H2.24
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h53m29.17s / +02°10'06.04"
Brightness / Size: 11m0 / 3.1x1.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.3
At 80x relatively small, roundish to slightly oval, slightly condensed. Well seen with averted vision. At 150x the galaxy appeared slightly oval, getting somewhat brighter toward the middle. Barely visible with direct vision.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.0
ein ganz schwerer Brocken - wie ein schwacher Stern, der manchmal etwas diffuser scheint
DIFFICULT

NGC 4779 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_125350.86_+094235.71_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4779, UGC8022, H3.106
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h53m50.86s / +09°42'35.71"
Brightness / Size: 12m6 / 2.1x1.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Round, evenly bright, quite faint.
MODERATE

NGC 4845 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_125801.24_+013432.09_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4845, NGC4910, UGC8078, H2.536, H5.3
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h58m01.24s / +01°34'32.09"
Brightness / Size: 11m2 / 4.9x1.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
At 37x less obvious, pretty faint, apparently elongated. A fainter field star northeast of the galaxy. At 80x elongated with tapering endings, relatively large with high surface brightness. Well seen with averted vision.
EASY

NGC 4866 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_125927.14_+141015.78_7_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: NGC4866, UGC8102, H1.162
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h59m27.14s / +14°10'15.78"
Brightness / Size: 11m2 / 6.4x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Elongated, fairly thin. At 150x a foreground star at the northwestern edge. Brightening toward the middle.
EASY

NGC 4880 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_130010.53_+122900.13_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4880, UGC8109, H3.83
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 13h00m10.53s / +12°29'00.13"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 3.1x2.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
At 37x faint, roundish, evenly bright. At 80x slightly oval with somewhat brighter center.
MODERATE

NGC 4900 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_130039.15_+023005.27_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4900, UGC8116, H1.143
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 13h00m39.15s / +02°30'05.27"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 2.2x2.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
At 37x pretty small, round brightening. At 80x moderately large, round, evenly bright. Close to a field star.

EASY
René Merting
B 18x70, SQM-L 21.0
direkt knapp sichtbar - indirekt im Zentrum relativ hell, insgesamt diffus
MODERATE

NGC 5020 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_131239.87_+123559.04_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5020, UGC8289, H2.129
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 13h12m39.87s / +12°35'59.04"
Brightness / Size: 11m7 / 3.1x2.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Roundish, evenly bright, pretty faint.
MODERATE

NGC 5058 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_131652.34_+123253.92_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5058, UGC8345
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 13h16m52.34s / +12°32'53.92"
Brightness / Size: 13m5 / 0.8x0.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5m8+, SQM-L 21.0
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
It just stayed dark there :/
FAILED

NGC 5324 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_135205.89_-060329.99_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5324, H2.307
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 13h52m05.89s / -06°03'29.99"
Brightness / Size: 11m7 / 2.3x2.1'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.2
Roundish to slightly oval, almost evenly bright, faint.
MODERATE

NGC 5369 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_135637.62_-052811.41_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5369, H3.285
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 13h56m37.62s / -05°28'11.41"
Brightness / Size: b14m5 / 1.0x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.2
Tried at 150x and 200x without success.
FAILED

NGC 5426 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_140324.86_-060408.76_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5426, UGCA380, H2.309
Group: Arp271
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h03m24.86s / -06°04'08.76"
Brightness / Size: 12m1 / 3.0x1.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.2
At 37x pretty faint and barely separated from the northern NGC5427. Both together appeared as oval brightening. At 80x well separated from NGC5427, slightly elongated, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 5427 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_140326.05_-060150.92_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5427, UGCA381, H2.310
Group: Arp271
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h03m26.05s / -06°01'50.92"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 2.9x2.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.2
At 37x roundish, evenly bright, but faint. Appeared as oval brightening together with NGC5426. At 80x well separated from NGC5426, roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 5468 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_140634.88_-052711.38_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5468, UGCA384, H3.286
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h06m34.88s / -05°27'11.38"
Brightness / Size: 12m5 / 2.4x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.5
Pretty faint, roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 5472 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_140655.03_-052737.93_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5472
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h06m55.03s / -05°27'37.93"
Brightness / Size: b15m0 / 1.2x0.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
Northwest of a star I glimpsed a compact brightening, but not sure.
FAILED

NGC 5476 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_140808.47_-060531.25_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5476, H3.287
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h08m08.47s / -06°05'31.25"
Brightness / Size: b13m2 / 1.5x1.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.4
At 80x pretty faint, evenly bright. At 150x roundish, faint, barely condensed.
MODERATE

NGC 5493 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_141129.38_-050237.19_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5493, UGCA386, H4.46
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h11m29.38s / -05°02'37.19"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 1.7x1.5'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.5
At 37x quite compact, round, easy to overlook. At 80x still small, relatively bright, well seen with direct vision.
EASY

NGC 5584 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_142223.81_-002314.82_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5584, UGC9201
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h22m23.81s / -00°23'14.82"
Brightness / Size: 11m4 / 3.4x2.7'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 3
Roundish, fairly faint, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 5746 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_144456.01_+015717.06_7_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 7×7'
Name: NGC5746, UGC9499, H1.126
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h44m56.01s / +01°57'17.06"
Brightness / Size: 10m5 / 6.9x1.2'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very bright edge-on galaxy. Already apparent at 37x. Very elongated, thin, tapering endings, brighter core.

EASY
René Merting
100mm f/6.4, 107x, SQM-L 21.0
bei 32x direkt ein zarter Hauch, indirekt ein länglicher Nebelschimmer - bei 107x ein breiter Strich ohne spitze Enden - leicht gemottelt

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 160x, SQM-L 21.5
bei 72x zeigt sich die Mini Sombrero Galaxie 5:1 elongiert - die langen Außenkanten leuchten eigenartig diffus - bei 160x wirkt die Galaxie gewaltig lang - das Zentrum wirkt länglich und nördlich etwas heller - kurz vor dem Südende blitzt immer wieder ein Vordergrundstern auf
EASY

NGC 5774 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_145342.76_+033456.07_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5774, UGC9576
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h53m42.76s / +03°34'56.07"
Brightness / Size: 12m1 / 3.0x2.3'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Small, very diffuse brightening - probably only the core. Held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC 5775 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_145357.65_+033240.10_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5775, UGC9579, H3.554
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h53m57.65s / +03°32'40.10"
Brightness / Size: 11m8 / 4.2x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Very elongated, getting broader & brighter toward the middle with tapering endings.
MODERATE

NGC 5806 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_150000.43_+015328.56_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5806, UGC9645, H2.539
Group: NGC5846 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 15h00m00.43s / +01°53'28.56"
Brightness / Size: 11m7 / 3.2x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Slightly elongated, somewhat brighter center, otherwise rather evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC 5813 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_150111.27_+014207.09_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5813, UGC9655, H1.127
Group: NGC5846 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 15h01m11.27s / +01°42'07.09"
Brightness / Size: 10m5 / 4.0x2.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Roundish, brightening toward the middle and quite distinct, compact core.
EASY

NGC 5838 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_150526.27_+020557.68_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5838, UGC9692, H2.542
Group: NGC5846 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 15h05m26.27s / +02°05'57.68"
Brightness / Size: 10m9 / 3.7x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
At 37x very compact, almost stellar. Probably only the bright center was visible. At 80x oval with much brighter center.
EASY

NGC 5846 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_150629.25_+013620.29_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5846, UGC9706, H1.128
Group: NGC5846 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 15h06m29.25s / +01°36'20.29"
Brightness / Size: 10m1 / 4.1x3.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Already well seen at 37x. At 80x evident, bright, roundish, getting much brighter toward the middle.
EASY

NGC 5850 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_150707.68_+013239.41_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5850, UGC9715, H2.543
Group: NGC5846 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 15h07m07.68s / +01°32'39.41"
Brightness / Size: 10m8 / 4.5x3.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Faint with slightly brighter center. Appeared roundish and very diffuse. At 150x not better.
MODERATE

NGC 5854 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_150747.73_+023406.82_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5854, UGC9726, H2.544
Group: NGC5846 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 15h07m47.73s / +02°34'06.82"
Brightness / Size: 11m9 / 2.7x0.8'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Slightly elongated with brighter center.
MODERATE

NGC 5865 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_150949.45_+002811.88_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5865, NGC5869, UGC9742, H2.545
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 15h09m49.45s / +00°28'11.88"
Brightness / Size: 11m9 / 2.3x1.6'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
At 37x just a small, roundish, quite faint brightening. At 80x the well defined center appeared a bit brighter. Evident with averted vision. At 150x the galaxy was slightly oval.
EASY

NGC 5868 (GLX)

../dss/dss2red_150949.18_+003146.88_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5868, UGC9743, H2.684
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 15h09m49.18s / +00°31'46.88"
Brightness / Size: 13m4 / 1.1x1.0'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6m1, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.7
Already visible at 80x as quite compact, very faint brightening. At 150x a bit better seen, but still very compact.
MODERATE

PGC 39247 (GLX)

../dss/dss2blue_121553.29_+131256.86_5_web.jpg
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: PGC39247
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h15m53.29s / +13°12'56.86"
Brightness / Size: b15m4 / 1.0x0.9'
Robert Zebahl
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Conditions in the target region: SQM-L 20.8
Very compact brightening, hard to hold with averted vision. Only the bright center was visible.
DIFFICULT