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Last update: 2019-01-15

VdS FG

- Sketches (Deepsky) -

Aur (3) Cam (1) CVn (5) Her (1) LMi (1) Tau (1)
Boo (1) Cas (1) Cyg (3) Leo (2) Per (2) UMa (1)

M34 (OC)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 35×35'
Name: M34, NGC1039
Type: OC
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 02h42m05.00s / +42°45'42.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.2 mag / 35.0x35.0'
naked eye, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
Easily seen as diffuse brightening with averted vision.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
More scattered with moderately bright stars, good contrast to the surrounding.

EASY
70mm f/5.7, 20x, Bortle 7+, SQM-L 18.8
Relatively obvious, loose with mainly brighter members.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7
Good contrast to the surrounding area. Scattered brighter stars, slight concentrating toward the middle. Within the center some star chains.

EASY
120mm f/5, 30x, Bortle 7, SQM-L 18.7
Not the best sketch, because also the distances partly do not fit completely, but at least it gives a good impression of the character of the cluster.

SKETCH

EASY

M36 (OC)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: M36, NGC1960
Type: OC
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h36m18.00s / +34°08'24.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.0 mag / 12.0x12.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5, SQM-L 18.9
SQM-L 18.5: Apparent with brighter center, appeared relatively small.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Evident, round, diffuse brightening with rather compact, brighter center. Several stars seen with averted vision, background still diffuse. Somewhat smaller than M38. Together with M37 & M38 an awesome view.

EASY
B 70mm, 15x, Bortle 4
Despite an altitude of 11° easily seen. Obvious, bright, diffuse, not resolved.

EASY
63mm f/13.3, 42x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.2

SKETCH

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.9
Quite evident, consists of brighter and moderately bright stars, slightly concentrated toward the middle, irregular, outstanding star chain.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Good contrast to the surrounding. In comparison to M37 and M38 fairly poor with some brighter and fainter stars arranged in chains. Slight concentrating toward the middle.
EASY

M38 (OC)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 30×30'
Name: M38, NGC1912
Type: OC
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h28m43.00s / +35°51'18.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.4 mag / 21.0x21.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5, SQM-L 18.9
SQM-L 18.5: Relatively faint, evenly bright, diffuse.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Evident, almost evenly bright, irregular shape. Some stars seen with averted vision, otherwise diffuse. Somewhat larger than M36. Together with M36 & M37 an awesome view.

EASY
B 70mm, 15x, Bortle 4
Altitude of about 13°. Similar to M36, but larger and fainter. Relatively evident, diffuse, not resolved.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 20x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.6
Concentrated toward the center with radial star chains, so that the shape of the cluster appears irregular. At 50x there was an apparent star in the center with no stars in the direct vicinity (like a hole in the center).

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.9
Rather faint members. The cluster is more dominated by star chains, so it appears more irregular.

EASY
120mm f/5, 40x, Bortle 6-

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Quite concentrated toward the middle, star rich, mainly moderately bright and fainter stars.
EASY

M45 (OC)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 120×120'
Name: M45, Pleiades, Seven Sisters
Type: OC
Constellation: Tau
Coordinates: 03h47m00.00s / +24°07'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v1.6 mag / 100.0x100.0'
Very nice, bright cluster, but mostly too large for a telescope. Around the brighter stars the embedded reflection nebulas are quite easily visible under dark skies.

naked eye, Bortle 4
Very obvious as small star group. Even under urban skies easily visible with the unaided eye.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
A wonderful view :)

EASY
55mm f/9.1, 25x, Bortle 6

SKETCH

EASY

M51 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: M51, NGC5194, UGC8493, Whirlpool Galaxy
Group: Arp85
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h29m52.70s / +47°11'42.93"
Brightness / Size: v8.4 mag / 11.2x6.9'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Round, evenly bright, rather faint, less apparent.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Barely visible with direct vision, evident with averted vision. Round, evenly bright.

EASY
70mm f/5.7, 32x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.4
At 15x roundish to slightly oval (probably because of NGC 5195). The center was slightly brighter. At 32x and 44x the galaxy showed a brighter core surrounded by an evenly bright, round halo. At 32x I could almost, at 44x clearly separate NGC 5195.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Round with bright, very compact core, otherwise evenly bright.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Apparent with direct vision. Very bright, compact core surrounded by a large, nearly evenly bright, round halo.

EASY
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
At 23x well visible with averted vision and separated from NGC 5195. At 66x compact, brighter core with round, fainter, evenly bright halo. Only the brighter central part was visible.

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Rather compact center with relatively small, round, evenly bright halo. The outer regions of the galaxy were just faintly visible, in which a fainter field star was embedded southwest of the core.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 37x bright, stellar core with round, relatively faint halo. At 100x with averted vision two evident spiral arms, winding widely around the core. A foreground star southwest of the core within the halo.
EASY

M76 (PN)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M76, NGC650, NGC651, PK130-10.1, H1.193, Little Dumbbell Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 01h42m19.95s / +51°34'31.15"
Brightness / Size: v10.1 mag / 2.7x1.8'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0

FAILED
B 70mm, 16x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
When knowing the exact position fairly easily visible with averted vision as quite small, nearly stellar brightening.

MODERATE
55mm f/9.1, 41x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.0
At 25x without filter extremely faint, roundish brightening. With UHC filter significantly higher contrast, but still faint. At 41x faint, evenly bright, roundish.

MODERATE
70mm f/5.7, 50x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
Relatively well seen with averted vision. Small, evenly bright with a rather rectangular shape. With UHC filter almost visible with direct vision.

MODERATE
70mm f/5.7, 66x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.3
At 10x rather inconspicuous and very small. Well visible with averted vision. At 66x the nebula appears slightly elongated with a square shape. Barely seen with direct vision.

SKETCH

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, NELM 3.9+
Almost full moon with an angular distance to M76 of about 60°: Only visible with averted vision, relatively small, roundish, diffuse, structureless. Overall quite faint.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 100x, Bortle 7
At 28x a small, diffuse brightening, which can be seen quite well with averted vision. At 100x slightly elongated, whereby the shape appears irregular.

EASY
120mm f/5, 40x + [OIII], Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.0
At 40x with OIII filter conspicuous, slightly elongated with rudimentary visible arcs on the NE and SW side. Without filter rather faint. At 100x the arcs are quite well recognizable, especially with UHC filter.

EASY
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
At 40x just a small, faint, round brightening. At 66x the arcs at the NE and SW end are visible. I did a sketch at 100x.

SKETCH

EASY
152mm f/5.9, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.8: Barely visible with direct vision, evident with averted vision, relatively small. Shape of a dumbbell perceptible, otherwise oval. I only had a short look, because the comet C/2014 Q2 (Lovejoy) was the main target.
EASY

M103 (OC)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: M103, NGC581
Type: OC
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 01h33m23.00s / +60°39'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v7.4 mag / 6.0x6.0'
4.5" f/8, 36x, Bortle 5+
One brighter and two moderately bright stars arranged in a chain, surrounded by an elongated, diffuse glow.

EASY
120mm f/5, 67x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 18.9
Central star appeared orange colored and was quite evident.

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very nice cluster. Three stars form a chain, between those many fainter stars. The middle star is apparently orange colored. Northeastward in a distance of about 15' I saw a triangle of 3 stars, where one of those was also obviously orange colored.
EASY

NGC1502 (OC)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: NGC1502, H7.47
Type: OC
Constellation: Cam
Coordinates: 04h07m50.00s / +62°19'54.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.9 mag / 8.0x8.0'
55mm f/9.1, 25x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+
Very nice view with embedded double star. Around the double star I saw about 8 fine stars.

EASY
70mm f/5.7, 15x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Central optical double star STF485 AE very dominant with nearly equally bright components. About 75% around the double star some scattered, fainter stars are apparent. Overall the cluster is quite evident.

EASY
120mm f/5, 23x, Bortle 6-
Central double star evident and easily split, which is surrounded by many faint stars. Very nice view!

EASY
152mm f/5.9, 40x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
Quite evident cluster with obviously higher star density than the surrounding. In the center very apparent and separated the double star STF485 AE.
EASY

NGC2281 (OC)

DSS
Image source: DSS I - 20×20'
Name: NGC2281, H8.71, Broken Heart Cluster
Type: OC
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 06h48m17.00s / +41°04'42.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.4 mag / 15.0x15.0'
120mm f/5, 23x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.3
Already at 23x quite apparent with at least 20 medium bright and fainter members. It appeared rather irregular and the 'broken heart' was well seen. I made a sketch at 85x, whereby the 'broken heart' was not so conspicuous.

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Evident group of about 20-30 medium bright and fainter stars. Cluster is more loose with slight concentration toward the middle. Good contrast to the surrounding.
EASY

NGC3226 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3226, UGC5617, H2.28
Group: Arp94
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h23m27.01s / +19°53'54.38"
Brightness / Size: v11.4 mag / 2.5x2.2'
120mm f/5, 85x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
Pretty faint, round, slightly condensed.

SKETCH

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Fairly well separated from nearby NGC3227. Roundish shape with fairly bright, compact core.
EASY

NGC3227 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: NGC3227, UGC5620, H2.29
Group: Arp94, NGC3227 Group, Leo II Group
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h23m30.57s / +19°51'54.30"
Brightness / Size: v10.3 mag / 6.2x4.5'
120mm f/5, 85x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
Very faint, oval, evenly bright.

SKETCH

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Fairly well separated from nearby NGC3226. Obviously oval with very bright, nearly stellar core.
EASY

NGC3231 (OC)

DSS
Image source: DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC3231
Type: OC
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 10h26m57.80s / +66°48'55.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 4.0x4.0'
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
About 5 stars scattered. Not discernible as an open cluster.

SKETCH

MODERATE

NGC3432 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS I - 7×7'
Name: NGC3432, UGC5986, H1.172
Group: Arp206
Type: GLX
Constellation: LMi
Coordinates: 10h52m31.13s / +36°37'07.60"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 6.6x1.6'
120mm f/5, 23x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
Already conspicuous at 23x, elongated (NE-SW), almost evenly bright without distinct core. At 48x a fainter field star appeared at the southwestern end.

SKETCH

MODERATE

NGC4145 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS I - 6×6'
Name: NGC4145, UGC7154, H1.169
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h10m01.52s / +39°53'01.90"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 5.9x4.1'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Very faint, roundish to slightly oval, evenly bright. Barely held with averted vision. I probably saw only the brighter central part.

SKETCH

DIFFICULT

NGC4151 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS I - 12×12'
Name: NGC4151, UGC7166, H1.165, Eye of Sauron
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h10m32.58s / +39°24'21.03"
Brightness / Size: v11.5 mag / 6.8x5.3'
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.5
At 23x only the bright core is visible as very compact brightening, which can be easily overlooked. At 48x the core is still compact, but non-stellar and surrounded by a small, faint, round halo. At 66x the core is obviously non-stellar, the galaxy is quite evident with averted and almost visible with direct vision.

EASY
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
At 26x the core appeared as very compact brightening surrounded by a small, faint halo. At 48x similar, but the galaxy is easily visible with direct vision.

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
At 46x evident with averted vision as small, diffuse brightening with stellar core. At 150x compact core surrounded by a small, roundish, evenly bright halo.
EASY

NGC4244 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 16×16'
Name: NGC4244, UGC7322, H5.41
Group: NGC4631 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h17m29.66s / +37°48'25.60"
Brightness / Size: v10.0 mag / 15.9x2.5'
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.5
Very elongated, thin, evenly bright. Well visible with averted vision.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
Already visible at 23x with averted vision. At 48x very evident with averted vision, obviously elongated, tapering endings, thin, getting slightly brighter towards the middle.

SKETCH

EASY

NGC5195 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: NGC5195, UGC8494, H1.186
Group: Arp85
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h29m59.59s / +47°15'58.06"
Brightness / Size: v9.6 mag / 5.9x4.6'
70mm f/5.7, 44x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.4
At 15x Messier 51 appeared partly slightly oval, probably because of NGC 5195. At 32x NGC 5195 was almost, at 44x clearly separated from Messier 51. At 44x the galaxy appeared slightly oval, getting a bit brigher toward the middle.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Slightly oval with brigher center.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Apparent with direct vision. Very bright, compact core surrounded by a fainter, roundish halo.

EASY
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
At 23x visible as pretty faint brightening separated from Messier 51. At 66x well seen with averted vision, oval with slightly towards south shifted, brighter core.

SKETCH

MODERATE
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Bright, oval with very compact nucleus, which is slightly shifted towards southwest.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 37x roundish with obviously brighter, very compact core. At 100x oval halo around the very bright core, whereas the core is shifted to the eastern edge of the halo.
EASY

NGC6207 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC6207, UGC10521, H2.701
Type: GLX
Constellation: Her
Coordinates: 16h43m03.75s / +36°49'56.73"
Brightness / Size: v11.4 mag / 3.0x1.3'
55mm f/9.1, 90x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.3

FAILED
70mm f/5.7, 72x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.3
Almost held with averted vision, oval to slightly elongated, faint, evenly bright.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Evident with averted vision, slightly elongated, evenly bright.

SKETCH

MODERATE
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Already seen at 37x as slightly elongated nebula with averted vision. At 100x elongated, a bit brighter core, otherwise evenly bright, seen with direct vision. Nearby the great globular cluster M13!
EASY

NGC6960 (BN)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: NGC6960, H5.15
Group: Veil nebula (Western Veil/Witch's Broom)
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h46m10.00s / +30°40'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v7.0 mag / -
70mm f/5.7, 10x + [OIII], Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.3

SKETCH

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x + UHC, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.5
Only the brightest part north of 52 Cyg was visible, but faint.

MODERATE
80mm f/6.25, 33x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.8, SQM-L 20.7

FAILED
4.5" f/8, 28x + [OIII], Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Evident with averted vision. The northern part most evident and sharply defined. The southern fainter part appeared in comparison very diffuse, but still well visible.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x + [OIII], Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.5
Barely visible with direct, evident with averted vision. Northern part most easily seen, pretty thin, slightly curved and sharply defined. The sourthern part is wider and fades into the background.

EASY
120mm f/5, 40x + [OIII], Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9

SKETCH

EASY
152mm f/5.9, 22x + [OIII], Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9

SKETCH

EASY

NGC6992/5 & IC1340 (BN)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: NGC6992/5 & IC1340, H5.14
Group: Veil nebula (Eastern Veil)
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h56m30.00s / +31°23'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v7.0 mag / -
Brightest part of the veil nebula. Consists of NGC6992, NGC6995 und IC1340. IC1340 is the fainter, southern part. Awesome view with [OIII] filter.

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Seen with averted vision as very faint, slightly curved brightening. Difficult to extract from the background. Only a wisp of nebula.

DIFFICULT
70mm f/5.7, 10x + [OIII], Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.3

SKETCH

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x + UHC, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.4
Rather faint, curved brightening. Northern und southern part was most apparent.

MODERATE
80mm f/6.25, 33x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.8, SQM-L 20.7
Slightly curved, faint brightening with irregular shape.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x + [OIII], Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Typical shape well seen, slightly curved. At the southern end the bifurcations ("fingers") well visible with averted vision.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x + [OIII], Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.5
Easy to see and very evident. Northern and southern part most obvious, middle part visible with averted vision. The bifurcations in the southern part are well perceptible.

EASY
120mm f/5, 40x + [OIII], Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9

SKETCH

EASY
152mm f/5.9, 22x + [OIII], Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9

SKETCH

EASY

Pickering's Triangular Wisp (BN)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: Pickering's Triangular Wisp
Group: Veil nebula
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h48m30.00s / +31°38'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / -
Pickering's Triangular Wisp is the third-brightest part of the well known Veil Nebula. While the two brighter parts (Eastern & Western Veil) are bright and well defined in their shape, this nebula is much more fainter and diffuse.

70mm f/5.7, 10x + [OIII], Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.3

SKETCH

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 18x + [OIII], Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.5
Just a faint, irregular haze. Anything but evident.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
Without any filter the nebula is visible only under very clear, dark skies. Hardly perceptible with averted vision.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 37x + [OIII], Bortle 6+, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Quite evident with averted vision as irregular brightenings in a field of about 2°.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x + [OIII], Bortle 4
Only under good conditions easily visible with direct vision, otherwise averted vision is necessary. Overall fairly faint, very diffuse, without any obvious differences in brightness. Spread over a large area like wisps of fog. Moving the telescope can help to extract the nebula from the star-rich surrounding.
EASY

STF1877 (**)

Name: STF1877, epsilon Boo, Izar
Type: **
Constellation: Boo
Coordinates: 14h44m59.14s / +27°04'29.90"
Components: AB / v2.6 mag / v4.8 mag / 2.9" / 343° / 2015
55mm f/9.1, 125x
The fainter component was seen as permanent brightening on the first diffraction ring of the main component.

60mm f/10, 192x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
Easy to split, whereby the much fainter component lies on the first diffraction ring of the main component. The main component itself appeared slight yellowish.

SKETCH

120mm f/5, 192x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
At 85x the fainter component was easily visible but not separated. At 192x well split. The fainter component was almost on the first diffraction ring of the main component. Quite big difference in brightness. I did not looked at the color of the components.