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Last update: 2017-11-14

VdS FG

- Planetary Nebulas (Cyg) -

And (1) Cep (9) Dra (2) Lep (1) Peg (2) Tau (1)
Aql (22) Cet (1) Eri (1) Lyn (1) Per (4) UMa (1)
Aqr (2) Cnc (1) Gem (3) Lyr (5) Pup (2) Vul (3)
Aur (1) Crv (1) Her (6) Mon (1) Sct (2)
Cam (1) Cyg (20) Hya (2) Oph (1) Sge (4)
Cas (8) Del (3) Lac (4) Ori (2) Sgr (3)

Abell 61 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 61, PK77+14.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h19m10.22s / +46°14'52.03"
Brightness / Size: b14.4 mag / 3.2x3.2'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Extremely faint, roundish, evenly bright, pretty large.
DIFFICULT

Abell 78 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 78, PK81-14.1, Wedding Ring
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h35m29.38s / +31°41'45.30"
Brightness / Size: v13.2 mag / 2.0x1.8'
120mm f/5, 75x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Probably there was occasionally an extremely faint haze, but I am not sure.

FAILED
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
Roundish, pretty faint, evenly bright.

MODERATE
16" f/4.5, 100x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 56x with [OIII] filter round, evenly bright. At 100x with [OIII] filter barely visible with direct vision, shape hardly perceptible. A star (central star?) was seen within the nebula. At 100x with UHC filter the nebula appeared pretty faint.
EASY

Henize 1-4 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Henize 1-4, PK68+1.2
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h59m18.01s / +31°54'39.14"
Brightness / Size: v14.1 mag / 0.3x0.3'
120mm f/5, 75x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Without any filter only the 11.27 mag star is visible, which is very close to the nebula. With UHC filter the planetary was very faint. With [OIII] filter still faint, compact, round, evenly bright. The nearby star was also faintly visible.
MODERATE

IC5117 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC5117, PK89-5.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h32m30.97s / +44°35'47.50"
Brightness / Size: v13.3 mag / 0.1x0.1'
80mm f/6.25, 41x + UHC, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.6
Observation at full moon. I tried magnifications of 25x & 41x with UHC filter. Only the 9.96 mag star east of IC5117 was visible.

FAILED
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
Stellar, nearby a 9.96 mag star. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

K3-74 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: K3-74, Dd1, PK78+5.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h08m43.08s / +42°30'11.19"
Brightness / Size: - / 0.3x0.3'
8" f/6, 150x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1 FAILED

M1-77 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-77, PK89-2.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h19m07.37s / +46°18'47.15"
Brightness / Size: - / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Well visible with averted vision. Stellar.
MODERATE

M1-79 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-79, PK93-2.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h37m01.50s / +48°56'02.62"
Brightness / Size: v13.2 mag / 0.6x0.5'
8" f/6, 100x + UHC, Bortle 5
Well visible with averted vision, obviously extended, slightly oval.
MODERATE

M1-92 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-92, Minkowski's Footprint, Footprint Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h36m18.83s / +29°32'50.86"
Brightness / Size: v11.8 mag / 0.3x0.1'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 80x stellar, at 200x still very compact and barely visible with direct vision. At 200x with UHC filter the nebula appeared a bit larger.
EASY

M4-17 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M4-17, PK79+5.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h09m01.93s / +43°43'43.54"
Brightness / Size: b14.5 mag / 0.3x0.3'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Round, evenly bright. At 150x also without filter visible, but faint.
MODERATE

NGC6766 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC6766, NGC6884, PK82+7.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h10m23.66s / +46°27'39.80"
Brightness / Size: v10.9 mag / 0.2x0.2'
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.6
Observation at full moon. Already visible at 25x with averted vision, but very faint. At 62x still stellar.
MODERATE

NGC6826 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC6826, PK83+12.1, H4.73, Blinking Planetary
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h44m48.15s / +50°31'30.26"
Brightness / Size: v8.8 mag / 0.9x0.8'
80mm f/6.25, 83x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0
Central star easily visible. At 25x the nebula appears quite compact around the central star with averted vision, at 83x more extended, round, evenly bright. The blinking effect is obvious when switching between direct and averted vision.
EASY

NGC6833 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC6833, PK82+11.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h49m46.58s / +48°57'40.20"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 0.2x0.2'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
Appeared stellar in all used magnifications (37x to 150x). At 37x with [OIII] filter visible wth direct vision, from 80x also without any filter. At 150x without filter two faint stars south-southeast of the nebula.
EASY

NGC6894 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC6894, PK69-2.1, H4.13
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h16m23.96s / +30°33'53.17"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 0.7x0.7'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 7, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 18.6
At 37x with [OIII] filter just a faint, small brightening. At 80x with [OIII] filter barely seen with direct vision. Appeared round and evenly bright. Also with UHC filter evident with averted vision. At 150x without any filter barely perceptible with averted vision as very faint nebula.
EASY

NGC7008 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC7008, PK93+5.2, H1.192, Fetus Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h00m32.50s / +54°32'36.18"
Brightness / Size: v10.7 mag / 1.4x1.1'
80mm f/6.25, 41x + UHC, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.5
At 41x without filter just a faint glow. With UHC filter evident with averted vision, rather small, evenly bright, near a field star. Shape hardly noticeable. At 62x with UHC filter the nebula appeared roundish.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 18x + [OIII], Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.2
At 18x without filter just a very faint glow with an evident nearby field star. At 18x with [OIII] filter the nebula is obvious with averted vision, evenly bright and appeared roundish to slightly oval. The nearby star appeared very faint. At 40x still faint, evenly bright and roundish to slightly oval (N-S). South of the nebula lies the evident star and another faint star southwards. At 40x with [OIII] filter the oval shape is well visible. At 75x the nebula appears also oval without any filter, the southern and southwestern edge appeared more sharply defined.

EASY
8" f/6, 133x + UHC, Bortle 4, NELM 5.8
At 37x well seen with averted vision, at 133x and UHC filter just with direct vision. Appeared irregular with brighter and darker regions, slightly curved, similar to an open circle. Overall quite small.
EASY

NGC7026 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC7026, PK89+0.1, Cheeseburger Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h06m18.24s / +47°51'07.15"
Brightness / Size: v10.9 mag / 0.4x0.1'
80mm f/6.25, 62x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.6
Observation at full moon. At 41x the nebula together with its neighbour star appeared more like a double star. At 62x small, evenly bright and well visible with averted vision.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0
Well seen with averted vision as quite small, diffuse, round brightening. Located nearby a 9.7m star.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
Located directly next to a 9.7m star. At low magnification (37x) the nebula appears very compact and seems to form a double star with its neighbour star. Evident with averted vision. At 171x obviously extended and visible with direct vision. With averted vision I could rudimentarily see the dark lane, which divides the nebula into two parts and was aligned N-S to NW-SE. I recommend high magnification due to the quite small size.
EASY

NGC7027 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC7027, PK84-3.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h07m01.59s / +42°14'10.18"
Brightness / Size: v8.5 mag / 0.3x0.2'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0
Well seen with averted vision, stellar.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0
At 28x nearly stellar and easily visible with direct vision. At 75x slightly extended with averted vision, but still compact. Looks more like a fuzzy star. At 145x slightly oval with somewhat brighter center, slightly diffuse edge.
EASY

NGC7048 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC7048, PK88-1.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h14m15.22s / +46°17'17.52"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 1.0x1.0'
80mm f/6.25, 62x + UHC, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.6
Observation at full moon. Quite compact brightening. Without any filter rather faint.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4
Located directly next to a 10.2m star. Without a filter well visible with averted vision. The nebula can appear slightly elongated, which is caused by the neighbour star. With [OIII] filter the nebula is visible with direct vision as round, diffuse brightening.
EASY

PK64+5.1 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: PK64+5.1, Campbell's Hydrogen Star
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h34m45.23s / +30°30'58.94"
Brightness / Size: v9.6 mag / 0.6x0.6'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.6
Appeared always as stellar brightening. Only with [HBeta] filter the nebula appeared brighter in comparison to the surrounding stars. UHC and [OIII] showed barely or no effect.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3+, SQM-L 21.3
Stellar. Only the [HBeta] filter showed a significant effect.
EASY

PK80-6.1 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: PK80-6.1, Egg Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h02m18.27s / +36°41'37.00"
Brightness / Size: v13.5 mag / 1.0x0.5'
The Egg Nebula is one of the most studied bipolar protoplanetary nebulas. Due to its fairly high surface brightness it is a thankful object also for smaller telescopes or brightened skies.

80mm f/6.25, 41x + UHC, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.6
Observation at full moon: I've used magnifications from 25x to 62x with UHC filter.

FAILED
4.5" f/8, 75x
Conditions: very clear sky, moon 70% illuminated (altitude: 25°) with a distance of about 50°.
Quite small, but bright, well perceptible with averted vision. At first glance only the bright, stellar central area is evident. Close observation shows the nebula elongated.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Barely visible with direct vision. Elongated with very bright, nearly stellar center.
EASY

PK86-8.1 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: PK86-8.1, Hu1-2
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h33m08.33s / +39°38'09.72"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 0.5x0.3'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 5, SQM-L 20.5
At 100x relatively bright, evident, very compact. The nebula appeared partly slightly elongated. At 150x I could see the nebula only as roundish brightening.
EASY