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Last update: 2017-09-20

VdS FG

- Galaxies (Leo) -

And (92) Cep (5) Del (13) Leo (105) Peg (115) Tri (48)
Aql (3) Cet (20) Dra (63) Lep (4) Per (25) UMa (139)
Aqr (11) CMi (5) Equ (5) Lib (1) Psc (57) UMi (4)
Ari (35) Cnc (59) Eri (3) LMi (28) Pup (1) Vir (104)
Aur (1) Com (86) Gem (35) Lyn (57) Ser (15) Vul (3)
Boo (15) CrB (31) Her (39) Lyr (19) Sex (13)
Cam (45) CVn (84) Hya (3) Oph (2) Sgr (1)
Cas (6) Cyg (20) Lac (19) Ori (4) Tau (1)

Arp 87 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp87
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h40m44.50s / +22°26'20.00"

Group Members:
MCG+4-28-20 (PGC36228) b15.0 mag 0.5x0.2' (55°)
NGC3808 (UGC6643, H3.338) v13.4 mag 1.6x0.9' (123°)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: I only observed the brighter NGC3808. It appeared as pretty faint, small brightening.
MODERATE

Arp 94 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 10×10'
Name: Arp94
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h23m30.00s / +19°52'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC3226 (UGC5617, H2.28) v11.4 mag 2.5x2.2' (25°)
NGC3227 (UGC5620, H2.29) v10.3 mag 6.2x4.5' (153°)
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Both galaxies are quite well separated at low magnification. The more compact NGC3226 appeared roundish with fairly bright, compact core. NGC3227 appeared oval with brighter, nearly stellar center.
EASY

Arp 301 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp301
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h09m54.00s / +24°15'40.00"

Group Members:
UGC6204 b14.5 mag 1.0x0.5' (177°)
UGC6207 b14.6 mag 1.5x0.3' (64°)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: Only the brighter UGC6204 was visible, which appeared pretty faint, roundish and barely condensed. UGC6207 was also not visible at 220x. But I was already pretty cold ;-)
MODERATE

Arp 307 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Arp307
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h25m45.00s / +11°26'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC2872 (UGC5018, H2.57, H2.546) v11.9 mag 1.8x1.7'
NGC2873 (PGC26742) v15.4 mag 0.7x0.2' (125°)
NGC2874 (UGC5021, H2.58, H2.547) v12.5 mag 2.2x0.7' (43°)
Possibly these galaxies are not interacting.

8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6 in the target region.

NGC2872: More apparent than the nearby NGC2874, round, slight brightening toward the middle.

NGC2873: Not tried of course ;-)

NGC2874: Well separated from the nearby NGC2872, oval, evenly bright. Evident with averted vision.
EASY

Arp 316 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Arp316
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h18m05.00s / +21°52'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC3187 (UGC5556) v12.9 mag 3.6x1.7' (115°)
NGC3189 (NGC3190, UGC5559, H2.44) v11.2 mag 4.5x1.5' (118°)
NGC3193 (UGC5562, H2.45) v10.9 mag 2.9x2.8' (20°)
Very bright Arp group. Together with NGC3185 also known as Hickson 44. Worthwhile!

4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7+
Only the two brightest members were visible. Both fairly well seen with averted vision. NGC3193 appeared roundish with brighter core, NGC3189 very elongated and nearly evenly bright, whereas only the brighter core was visible.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
The two brightest members were apparent with averted vision: NGC3193 appeared roundish with brighter core, NGC3189 very elongated with also elongated, brighter core and fainter, diffuse outer region.

EASY
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x the two brightest members are clearly evident. NGC3179 is very elongated and shows at 100x an elongated, distinctly brighter core area. Dust lane wasn't seen, but galaxy appeared more sharply defined SW. NGC3193 is round with very bright, compact core. Much more difficult is NGC3187: Only at third attempt I was able to see it. At 171x very faint, very elongated, thin, evenly bright. Barely held with averted vision.
EASY

Arp 317 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 60×60'
Name: Arp317, Leo Triplet
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h19m50.00s / +13°18'00.00"

Group Members:
M65 (NGC3623, UGC6328) v9.2 mag 8.7x2.5' (174°)
M66 (NGC3627, UGC6346, Arp16) v8.9 mag 9.3x4.2' (173°)
NGC3628 (UGC6350, H5.8) v9.5 mag 13.1x3.1' (104°)
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7+
M65: Fairly thin, elongated, nearly evenly bright. Barely seen with direct vision. At 100x the core is brighter and seems also slightly elongated.

M66: A bit brighter than M65, oval with brighter core. Some apparent field stars at the edge of the galaxy. At 100x the oval core is evident.

NGC3628: Already seen at 28x as very faint nebula. At 75x fairly well seen with averted vision, faint, evenly bright, very elongated.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
I mainly focused on NGC3628, but M65 & M66 were very easily seen of course. NGC3628 appeared elongated, without distinct core, slight darkening toward the edge. With averted vision I think I saw in one moment the dust lane, but not for sure. Due to nearby street lamps I wasn't able to get fully dark-adapted.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
M65: Very elongated with brighter, compact core.

M66: Oval with distinct, bright and also oval core area.

NGC3628: At 37x obviously elongated, evenly bright, moderately faint. At 100x dust lane seen with averted vision, which runs slightly diagonal. A wonderful view!
EASY

Hickson 44 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: HCG44
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h17m59.00s / +21°47'18.00"

Group Members:
NGC3185 (UGC5554) v12.2 mag 2.1x1.4' (130°)
NGC3187 (UGC5556) v12.9 mag 3.6x1.7' (115°)
NGC3189 (NGC3190, UGC5559, H2.44) v11.2 mag 4.5x1.5' (118°)
NGC3193 (UGC5562, H2.45) v10.9 mag 2.9x2.8' (20°)
Very bright Hickson group. Worthwhile!

4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7+
Only the two brightest members were visible. Both fairly well seen with averted vision. NGC3193 appeared roundish with brighter core, NGC3189 very elongated and nearly evenly bright, whereas only the brighter core was visible.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
The two brightest members were apparent with averted vision: NGC3193 appeared roundish with brighter core, NGC3189 very elongated with also elongated, brighter core and fainter, diffuse outer region. NGC3185 perceptible with averted vision as fairly faint, roundish, evenly bright nebula.

EASY
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x the two brightest members (NGC3189 & NGC3193) are clearly evident. NGC3179 is very elongated and shows at 100x an elongated, distinctly brighter core area. Dust lane wasn't seen, but galaxy appeared more sharply defined SW. NGC3193 is round with very bright, compact core. NGC3185 appears at 37x as a relatively small, faint brightening, at 100x evenly bright and slightly oval. Most difficult is NGC3187: Only at third attempt I was able to see it. At 171x very faint, very elongated, thin, evenly bright. Barely held with averted vision.
EASY

Hickson 53 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: HCG53
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h29m00.00s / +20°46'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC3697 (NGC3697A, UGC6479, PGC35347) b14.1 mag 2.4x0.7' (93°)
NGC3697B (PGC35355) b15.3 mag 0.7x0.5' (170°)
NGC3697C (PGC35360) b15.3 mag 0.5x0.4' (120°)
PGC35381 b16.8 mag 0.5x0.2' (90°)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L in the target region about 21.0.

NGC3697A: Brightest member of the group. Elongated, evenly bright & wide.

NGC3697B: Roundish, slightly condensed. Overall pretty faint. Located northwest near NGC3697C.

NGC3697C: Unfortunately not seen, although the northwestern NGC3697B was feasible.
MODERATE

Hickson 57 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: HCG57, Arp320, Copeland's Septet
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h37m51.00s / +21°59'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC3745 b16.4 mag 0.6x0.4' (110°)
NGC3746 (UGC6597) b15.3 mag 1.1x0.5' (125°)
NGC3748 v14.8 mag 0.7x0.4' (140°)
NGC3750 v13.9 mag 0.8x0.7' (160°)
NGC3751 v14.3 mag 0.8x0.5' (5°)
NGC3753 (UGC6602) v13.6 mag 1.7x0.5' (120°)
NGC3754 b15.2 mag 0.4x0.3' (35°)
PGC36010 b17.4 mag 0.4x0.3' (20°)
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L in the target region about 21.0.

NGC3746: Roundish (?), faint. Brighter and larger than NGC3748.

NGC3748: Faint, roundish, pretty small.

NGC3750: Located southwest of NGC3753. Difficult to separate from brighter NGC3753. Just visible as very faint, roundish brightening. Held with averted vision.

NGC3751: Most southern member of the group. Unfortunately for some reason I didn't tried this one.

NGC3753: Slightly elongated, rather evenly bright, pretty faint. Brightest and largest member of the group.

NGC3754: Northeast close to NGC3753. At 220x & 220x absolutely nothing was seen.

MODERATE
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L in the target region about 21.0.

NGC3745: Round, compact brightening. Anything but evident at 225x.

NGC3746: Evident, slightly oval, getting a bit brighter towards the middle. Still visible with direct vision.

NGC3748: Small, round brightening. Well seen with averted vision.

NGC3750: Roundish, condensed brightening. Almost visible with direct vision.

NGC3751: Most southern member of the group. Unfortunately for some reason I didn't tried this one.

NGC3753: Obviously oval/slightly elongated, getting brighter towards the middle. Still visible with direct vision.

NGC3754: Ziemlich schwache, rundliche Aufhellung dicht an NGC3753.
EASY

IC610 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC610, IC611, UGC5653
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h26m28.36s / +20°13'41.71"
Brightness / Size: b14.8 mag / 1.9x0.3'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Extremely thin, very elongated, evenly bright. Seems a little bit harder than UGC3697 (Integral Sign Galaxy).
DIFFICULT

M65 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: M65, NGC3623, UGC6328
Group: Arp317, M66 Group, Leo Triplet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h18m55.96s / +13°05'31.96"
Brightness / Size: v9.2 mag / 8.7x2.5'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2

FAILED
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7+
Fairly thin, elongated, nearly evenly bright. Barely seen with direct vision. At 100x the core is brighter and seems also slightly elongated.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very elongated with brighter, compact core.
EASY

M66 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: M66, NGC3627, UGC6346, Arp16
Group: Arp317, M66 Group, Leo Triplet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h20m15.03s / +12°59'28.64"
Brightness / Size: v8.9 mag / 9.3x4.2'
Forms together with M65 & NGC3628 the Leo Triplet (Arp317).

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2
Oval, faint and anything but evident.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.0
Well visible with averted vision, oval, evenly bright. Messier 66 was about 30° degrees above the horizon.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7+
A bit brighter than M65, oval with brighter core. Some apparent field stars at the edge of the galaxy. At 100x the oval core is evident.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Oval with distinct, bright and also oval core area.
EASY

M95 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M95, NGC3351, UGC5850
Group: M96 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h43m57.73s / +11°42'13.00"
Brightness / Size: v9.7 mag / 7.3x4.4'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2 FAILED

M96 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M96, NGC3368, UGC5882
Group: M96 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h46m45.74s / +11°49'11.78"
Brightness / Size: v9.2 mag / 7.8x5.2'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2 FAILED

M105 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M105, NGC3379, UGC5902, H1.17
Group: M96 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h47m49.60s / +12°34'53.87"
Brightness / Size: v9.8 mag / 5.1x4.7'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2 FAILED

MCG+3-27-28 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+3-27-28, PGC30587
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h25m18.11s / +20°00'46.57"
Brightness / Size: b15.0 mag / 0.8x0.6'
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Despite of culmination not seen. I'm sure, that this galaxy can seen with 8"!
FAILED

MCG+4-24-22 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+4-24-22, PGC30008
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h16m33.26s / +22°05'27.32"
Brightness / Size: b14.7 mag / 1.3x1.1'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Barely seen with averted vision as a very compact, diffuse brightening.
DIFFICULT

MCG+5-22-43 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+5-22-43, PGC26570
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h23m11.26s / +26°49'02.60"
Brightness / Size: b15.5 mag / 0.8x0.4'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 21.0
NELM 5.4+: On the DSS image the galaxy appears fairly bright, but I didn't saw anything - even at high power.
FAILED

NGC2862 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2862, UGC5010
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h24m55.08s / +26°46'28.62"
Brightness / Size: v12.9 mag / 2.5x0.5'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 21.0
NELM 5.4+: Fairly thin, very elongated (NW-SE), almost evenly bright, tapering endings.
MODERATE

NGC2872 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2872, UGC5018, H2.57, H2.546
Group: Arp307
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h25m42.54s / +11°25'55.70"
Brightness / Size: v11.9 mag / 1.8x1.7'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: More apparent than the nearby NGC2874, round, slight brightening toward the middle.
EASY

NGC2874 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2874, UGC5021, H2.58, H2.547
Group: Arp307
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h25m47.34s / +11°25'28.19"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 2.2x0.7'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: Well separated from the nearby NGC2872, oval, evenly bright. Evident with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC2893 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS I - 5×5'
Name: NGC2893, UGC5060, H3.297
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h30m16.95s / +29°32'23.95"
Brightness / Size: v13.2 mag / 1.1x1.0'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 21.0
NELM 5.4+: At 80x rather compact, roundish, moderately condensed. The core was already visible as stellar brightening. At 150x bright, still compact nebula with obviously stellar core.
MODERATE

NGC2903 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 13×13'
Name: NGC2903, UGC5079, H1.56
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h32m10.11s / +21°30'02.99"
Brightness / Size: v9.0 mag / 12.6x5.6'
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 6
Obviously oval, evenly bright, fairly faint. Evident with averted vision.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 36x, Bortle 5
Oval, brightening toward the middle. Seen with direct vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Obviously oval shape. Core elongated and brighter. Darkening toward the edge.
EASY

NGC2911 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2911, UGC5092, Arp232, H2.40
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h33m46.10s / +10°09'09.33"
Brightness / Size: v11.5 mag / 4.0x3.1'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: Faint, relatively large with extended & well defined core area, otherwise more evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC2913 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2913, UGC5095
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h34m02.71s / +09°28'45.51"
Brightness / Size: v13.4 mag / 1.1x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: Glimpsed with averted vision, roundish, evenly bright.
DIFFICULT

NGC2916 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2916, UGC5103, H2.260
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h34m57.57s / +21°42'18.93"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 2.5x1.7'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Fairly small, round. Held with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC2919 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2919, UGC5102
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h34m47.55s / +10°17'01.43"
Brightness / Size: v12.9 mag / 1.6x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: Rather faint, elongated, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC2927 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2927, UGC5122
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h37m15.22s / +23°35'26.18"
Brightness / Size: v12.9 mag / 1.9x1.1'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 5
Very faint, roundish. Seen intermittently with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC2939 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2939, UGC5134, H3.4
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h38m07.87s / +09°31'25.81"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 2.5x0.6'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: Slightly elongated, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC2940 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2940, PGC27448
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h38m05.16s / +09°36'59.81"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 0.9x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: Roundish, evenly bright, quite small. Held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC2964 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2964, UGC5183, H1.114
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h42m54.25s / +31°50'49.97"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 3.0x1.7'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Slightly oval with a bit brighter center, otherwise rather evenly bright. Already evident at 37x with averted vision.
EASY

NGC2968 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC2968, UGC5190, H2.491
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h43m12.01s / +31°55'43.81"
Brightness / Size: v11.9 mag / 2.1x1.6'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
At 37x rather faint, small brightening. From 80x roundish with slightly brighter center. At 150x barely visible with direct vision.
EASY

NGC3067 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3067, UGC5351, H2.492
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h58m21.06s / +32°22'11.97"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 2.4x0.9'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Obviously oval, evenly bright, quite high surface brightness. Evident with averted vision, almost visible with direct vision.
EASY

NGC3107 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3107, UGC5425, H2.898
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h04m22.47s / +13°37'16.75"
Brightness / Size: v13.4 mag / 0.7x0.6'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4
Roundish, appeared partly oval (NW-SE). Barely seen with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC3134 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3134
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h12m29.28s / +12°22'37.44"
Brightness / Size: v13.7 mag / 0.8x0.2'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 21.0
Pretty faint, compact nebula. An elongation was not visible.
MODERATE

NGC3153 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3153, UGC5505, H3.53
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h12m50.50s / +12°40'00.09"
Brightness / Size: v12.7 mag / 2.1x0.9'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 21.0
At 80x oval, evenly bright. At 150x hardly better.
MODERATE

NGC3162 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3162, NGC3575, UGC5510, H2.43
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h13m31.57s / +22°44'15.27"
Brightness / Size: v11.4 mag / 3.0x2.5'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Faint. Differences in surface brightness have been intermittently seen, otherwise evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC3177 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3177, UGC5544, H3.25
Group: NGC3189/90 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h16m34.16s / +21°07'22.32"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 1.5x1.2'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC3185 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3185, UGC5554
Group: NGC3189/90 Group, HCG44
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h17m38.58s / +21°41'17.82"
Brightness / Size: v12.2 mag / 2.1x1.4'
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Easily held with averted vision. Roundish, evenly bright, faint.

DIFFICULT
4.5" f/8, 112x, Bortle 7+
Tried at 75x and 112x.

FAILED
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x relatively small, faint. At 100x roundish to slightly oval, nearly evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC3187 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3187, UGC5556
Group: HCG44, Arp316, NGC3189/90 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h17m47.85s / +21°52'23.81"
Brightness / Size: v12.9 mag / 3.6x1.7'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Very faint and elongated, thin. Orientation similar to nearby NGC3189.
DIFFICULT

NGC3189 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3189, NGC3190, UGC5559, H2.44
Group: HCG44, Arp316, NGC3189/90 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h18m05.64s / +21°49'54.98"
Brightness / Size: v11.2 mag / 4.5x1.5'
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Fairly well seen with averted vision. Very elongated with also elongated, brighter core. Blending diffusely into the background toward the edge.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7+
Only the brighter core area was seen. Fairly well seen with averted vision as elongated, nearly evenly bright nebula.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x very elongated with brighter core area. At 100x elongated & much brighter core. Seems sharply defined toward SW.
EASY

NGC3193 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3193, UGC5562, H2.45
Group: HCG44, Arp316, NGC3189/90 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h18m24.88s / +21°53'38.32"
Brightness / Size: v10.9 mag / 2.9x2.8'
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Apparent with averted vision. Round with brighter core.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7+
Roundish with brighter core. Fairly well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x round with brighter core. At 100x very bright & compact core.
EASY

NGC3213 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3213, UGC5590
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h21m17.31s / +19°39'06.05"
Brightness / Size: v13.5 mag / 1.0x0.8'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Roundish to slightly oval, evenly bright, very faint.
DIFFICULT

NGC3221 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3221, UGC5601
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h22m19.99s / +21°34'10.56"
Brightness / Size: v13.1 mag / 3.1x0.7'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very elongated & thin, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC3222 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3222, UGC5610
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h22m34.47s / +19°53'14.00"
Brightness / Size: v12.8 mag / 1.2x1.0'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Very compact, roundish.
MODERATE

NGC3226 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3226, UGC5617, H2.28
Group: Arp94
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h23m27.01s / +19°53'54.38"
Brightness / Size: v11.4 mag / 2.5x2.2'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Fairly well separated from nearby NGC3227. Roundish shape with fairly bright, compact core.
EASY

NGC3227 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: NGC3227, UGC5620, H2.29
Group: Arp94, NGC3227 Group, Leo II Group
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h23m30.57s / +19°51'54.30"
Brightness / Size: v10.3 mag / 6.2x4.5'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Fairly well separated from nearby NGC3226. Obviously oval with very bright, nearly stellar core.
EASY

NGC3248 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3248, UGC5669, H2.347
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h27m45.42s / +22°50'49.81"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 2.5x1.1'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Diffuse nebula with brighter, compact core area.
MODERATE

NGC3274 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3274, UGC5721, H2.358
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h32m17.28s / +27°40'07.59"
Brightness / Size: v12.8 mag / 2.0x1.1'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Roundish, evenly bright. Even at 150x rather faint.
MODERATE

NGC3377 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3377, UGC5899, H2.99
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h47m42.40s / +13°59'08.30"
Brightness / Size: v10.4 mag / 4.3x2.6'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.8
Oval (1:2) with rather distinct, bright, compact core. Barely seen with direct vision.
EASY

NGC3434 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3434, UGC5980, H3.497
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h51m58.04s / +03°47'31.21"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 2.1x1.9'
8" f/6, 95x, Bortle 5
Difficult to hold. Very faint. Shape wasn't clearly perceptible.
DIFFICULT

NGC3495 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3495, UGC6098, H3.498
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h01m16.17s / +03°37'40.93"
Brightness / Size: v11.8 mag / 4.9x1.1'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Thin, elongated, evenly bright. Broadening toward the middle. Difficult to hold.
DIFFICULT

NGC3501 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3501, UGC6116
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h02m47.31s / +17°59'22.31"
Brightness / Size: v12.9 mag / 3.9x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.7: Pretty faint, elongated, rather evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC3507 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3507, UGC6123, H4.7
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h03m25.40s / +18°08'07.24"
Brightness / Size: v10.9 mag / 3.4x2.9'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x bright and evident with averted vision. At 80x round, getting brighter toward the center. At the 'edge' a foreground star - I've probably seen only the brighter central area.
EASY

NGC3551 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3551, UGC6203
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h09m44.41s / +21°45'31.66"
Brightness / Size: b14.8 mag / 1.8x1.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4+, SQM-L 21.3
SQM-L 21.0: Roundish, slightly condensed. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC3555 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3555
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h09m50.30s / +21°48'36.66"
Brightness / Size: v12.8 mag / 0.4x0.3'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4+, SQM-L 21.3
SQM-L 21.0: Quite compact, roundish, rather faint.
MODERATE

NGC3588 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3588, UGC6264
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h14m02.45s / +20°23'14.09"
Brightness / Size: b15.3 mag / 0.5x0.3'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4+, SQM-L 21.3
SQM-L 21.0: Evenly bright, roundish. Despite the given magnitude the galaxy was pretty well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC3592 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3592, UGC6267
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h14m27.24s / +17°15'36.73"
Brightness / Size: v13.7 mag / 1.8x0.6'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Tried at 133x, 171x & 200x without success.
FAILED

NGC3593 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3593, UGC6272, H1.29
Group: NGC3607 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h14m37.00s / +12°49'04.87"
Brightness / Size: v10.9 mag / 4.9x2.1'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Slightly elongated with brighter core.
EASY

NGC3596 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3596, UGC6277, H2.102
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h15m06.22s / +14°47'13.65"
Brightness / Size: v11.5 mag / 4.1x4.1'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Roundish, fairly faint.
MODERATE

NGC3598 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3598, UGC6278
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h15m11.69s / +17°15'45.92"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 1.8x1.3'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Small, roundish.
MODERATE

NGC3599 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3599, UGC6281, H2.49
Group: NGC3607 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h15m26.95s / +18°06'37.33"
Brightness / Size: v11.9 mag / 2.7x2.1'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Small, round, faint brightening.
DIFFICULT

NGC3605 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3605, UGC6295, H3.27
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h16m46.62s / +18°01'01.71"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 1.4x0.9'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Fairly small, compact.
MODERATE

NGC3607 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3607, UGC6297, H2.50
Group: NGC3607 Group, Leo II Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h16m54.66s / +18°03'06.51"
Brightness / Size: v9.9 mag / 4.9x2.5'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Distinct, compact, nearly stellar core with faint outer region. Already seen at 37x with direct vision.
EASY

NGC3608 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3608, UGC6299, H2.51
Group: NGC3607 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h16m58.97s / +18°08'54.71"
Brightness / Size: v10.8 mag / 3.2x2.6'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Diffuse brightening with less distinct core. Nearby two foreground stars. Already seen at 37x with direct vision.
EASY

NGC3626 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3626, NGC3632, UGC6343, H2.52
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h20m03.79s / +18°21'24.45"
Brightness / Size: v10.9 mag / 2.7x1.9'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Relatively bright, moderately large, roundish.
EASY

NGC3628 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 14×14'
Name: NGC3628, UGC6350, H5.8
Group: Arp317, M66 Group, Leo Triplet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h20m17.02s / +13°35'22.16"
Brightness / Size: v9.5 mag / 13.1x3.1'
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7+
Already seen at 28x as very faint nebula. At 75x fairly well seen with averted vision, faint, evenly bright, very elongated.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Elongated, without distinct core, slight darkening toward the edge. With averted vision I think I saw in one moment the dust lane, but not for sure. Due to nearby street lamps I wasn't able to get fully dark-adapted.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x obviously elongated, evenly bright, moderately faint. At 100x dust lane seen with averted vision, which runs slightly diagonal. A wonderful view!
EASY

NGC3630 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3630, NGC3645, UGC6349, H2.32
Group: NGC3640 Group, Leo II Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h20m16.99s / +02°57'51.01"
Brightness / Size: v11.9 mag / 2.0x0.8'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Well seen with averted vision as thin, very elongated, bright nebula.
EASY

NGC3639 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3639, UGC6374
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h21m35.72s / +18°27'29.38"
Brightness / Size: v13.7 mag / 0.6x0.5'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Faint, roundish.
DIFFICULT

NGC3640 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3640, UGC6368, H2.33
Group: NGC3640 Group, Leo II Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h21m06.85s / +03°14'05.15"
Brightness / Size: v10.4 mag / 4.0x3.2'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Relatively bright core area, darkening toward the edge, slightly oval.
EASY

NGC3641 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3641, UGC6370
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h21m08.79s / +03°11'40.16"
Brightness / Size: v13.2 mag / 0.8x0.8'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 5
Held with averted vision. Very small & compact.
DIFFICULT

NGC3646 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3646, UGC6376, H3.15
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h21m43.11s / +20°10'10.35"
Brightness / Size: v11.1 mag / 3.9x2.2'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4+, SQM-L 21.3
SQM-L 21.0: Evident with averted vision, slightly oval. The brighter core area causes the galaxy to appear slightly elongated, which is surrounded by an oval halo. Well visible with averted vision also at 80x.
EASY

NGC3649 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3649, UGC6386, H3.16
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h22m14.74s / +20°12'31.06"
Brightness / Size: v13.7 mag / 1.4x0.6'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4+, SQM-L 21.3
SQM-L 21.0: Roundish to slightly oval, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC3650 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3650, UGC6391
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h22m35.38s / +20°42'14.50"
Brightness / Size: v13.9 mag / 1.6x0.3'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4+, SQM-L 21.3
SQM-L 21.0: Slightly elongated, getting a bit wider and brighter towards the middle. Overall rather faint.
MODERATE

NGC3655 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3655, UGC6396, H1.5
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h22m54.61s / +16°35'24.63"
Brightness / Size: v11.7 mag / 1.5x1.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Small, compact, diffuse brightening. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC3659 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3659, UGC6405, H2.53
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h23m45.50s / +17°49'06.87"
Brightness / Size: v12.2 mag / 2.3x1.3'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very faint, small brightening.
MODERATE

NGC3664 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3664, UGC6419, Arp5
Group: NGC3640 Group, Leo II Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h24m24.26s / +03°19'29.95"
Brightness / Size: v12.6 mag / 2.0x1.9'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Tried without success at 96x & 133x. I was too tired.
FAILED

NGC3681 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3681, UGC6445, H2.159
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h26m29.80s / +16°51'47.60"
Brightness / Size: v11.2 mag / 3.0x2.2'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Fairly small nebula, roundish, faint with slightly brighter core area.
MODERATE

NGC3684 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3684, UGC6453
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h27m11.17s / +17°01'49.12"
Brightness / Size: v11.4 mag / 3.1x2.1'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Roundish, faint.
MODERATE

NGC3686 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3686, UGC6460, H2.160, H3.28
Group: NGC3607 Group, Leo II Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h27m43.94s / +17°13'26.61"
Brightness / Size: v11.2 mag / 3.1x2.4'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Roundish, partially mottled, otherwise nearly evenly bright. At 96x the shape appeared irregular. A brighter extension to the west was indicated.
EASY

NGC3691 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3691, UGC6464, H2.54
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h28m09.41s / +16°55'13.70"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 1.4x1.0'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Very faint, diffuse brightening. Barely seen with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC3697 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3697, NGC3697A, UGC6479, PGC35347
Group: HCG53
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h28m50.38s / +20°47'42.61"
Brightness / Size: b14.1 mag / 2.4x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: Elongated, evenly bright & wide.
MODERATE

NGC3697B (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3697B, PGC35355
Group: HCG53
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h28m58.55s / +20°44'58.48"
Brightness / Size: b15.3 mag / 0.7x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: Roundish, slightly condensed. Overall pretty faint.
MODERATE

NGC3697C (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3697C, PGC35360
Group: HCG53
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h28m59.90s / +20°44'20.48"
Brightness / Size: b15.3 mag / 0.5x0.4'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: Unfortunately not seen, although the northwestern NGC3697B was feasible.
FAILED

NGC3710 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3710, UGC6504, H2.350
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h31m06.94s / +22°46'04.61"
Brightness / Size: v13.1 mag / 1.0x0.8'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: Not evident, slightly oval, getting a bit brighter towards the middle. Overall pretty small.
MODERATE

NGC3745 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3745
Group: HCG57, Arp320, Copeland's Septet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h37m44.44s / +22°01'17.01"
Brightness / Size: b16.4 mag / 0.6x0.4'
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Round, compact brightening. Anything but evident at 225x.
MODERATE

NGC3746 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3746, UGC6597
Group: HCG57, Arp320, Copeland's Septet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h37m43.65s / +22°00'35.00"
Brightness / Size: b15.3 mag / 1.1x0.5'
8" f/6, 220x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Roundish (?), faint. Brighter and larger than NGC3748.

MODERATE
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Evident, slightly oval, getting a bit brighter towards the middle.
EASY

NGC3748 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3748
Group: HCG57, Arp320, Copeland's Septet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h37m49.04s / +22°01'34.03"
Brightness / Size: v14.8 mag / 0.7x0.4'
8" f/6, 220x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Faint, roundish, pretty small.

MODERATE
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Small, round brightening. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC3750 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3750
Group: HCG57, Arp320, Copeland's Septet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h37m51.64s / +21°58'27.20"
Brightness / Size: v13.9 mag / 0.8x0.7'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Difficult to separate from brighter NGC3753. Just visible as very faint, roundish brightening.

DIFFICULT
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Roundish, condensed brightening. Almost visible with direct vision.
EASY

NGC3753 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3753, UGC6602
Group: HCG57, Arp320, Copeland's Septet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h37m53.79s / +21°58'52.04"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 1.7x0.5'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Slightly elongated, rather evenly bright, pretty faint.

MODERATE
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Obviously oval/slightly elongated, getting brighter towards the middle. Still visible with direct vision.
EASY

NGC3754 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3754
Group: HCG57, Arp320, Copeland's Septet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h37m55.15s / +21°59'04.41"
Brightness / Size: b15.2 mag / 0.4x0.3'
8" f/6, 220x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: The apparent attachment northeast of NGC3753 was absolutely not seen.

FAILED
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Pretty faint, roundish brightening close to NGC3753.
MODERATE

NGC3801 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3801, UGC6635, H2.161
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h40m16.90s / +17°43'40.48"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 2.8x1.7'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 5
Slightly oval, slight brightening toward the middle, otherwise rather faint.
MODERATE

NGC3806 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3806, NGC3807, UGC6641
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h40m46.62s / +17°47'46.84"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 1.4x1.4'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 5
Roundish, evenly bright, very faint. Held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC3808 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3808, UGC6643, H3.338
Group: Arp87
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h40m43.96s / +22°25'49.10"
Brightness / Size: v13.4 mag / 1.6x0.9'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: Pretty faint, small brightening.
MODERATE

NGC3832 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC3832, UGC6693, H3.340
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h43m31.38s / +22°43'31.62"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 1.9x1.6'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: Pretty faint, roundish, barely condensed.
MODERATE

PGC30390 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: PGC30390
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h22m41.02s / +20°51'32.53"
Brightness / Size: b15.2 mag / 0.8x0.5'
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
For a pure PGC relatively bright! Fairly small, diffuse. A 12.37m star nothwest, wich helps finding, but not interfering.
DIFFICULT

PGC83477 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: PGC83477
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h37m52.50s / +21°47'57.04"
Brightness / Size: b15.3 mag / 0.8x0.6'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Compact, round, evenly bright.

MODERATE
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Evident, roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

UGC5470 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 11×11'
Name: UGC5470, Leo I
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h08m28.12s / +12°18'23.40"
Brightness / Size: v10.5 mag / 10.7x8.3'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 21.0
With averted vision well visible, large, oval, getting a bit brighter toward the middle. In comparison to many other galaxies this one appeared more granulous than diffuse. The bright alpha Leo should be placed outside of field of view. A narrow field eyepieces like an orthoscopic one might be a good choice. At hazy skies alpha Leo could outshine the galaxy and make it difficult or even not visible.
MODERATE

UGC6204 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC6204
Group: Arp301
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h09m51.47s / +24°15'41.95"
Brightness / Size: b14.5 mag / 1.0x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: Pretty faint, roundish, barely condensed.
MODERATE

UGC6207 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC6207
Group: Arp301
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h09m54.47s / +24°15'24.99"
Brightness / Size: b14.6 mag / 1.5x0.3'
8" f/6, 220x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: I was already pretty cold ;-)
FAILED

UGC6253 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: UGC6253, Leo II
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h13m28.13s / +22°09'10.10"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 12.0x11.0'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4+, SQM-L 21.3
SQM-L 21.0: Partly there seemed to be an extremely faint brightening, but unsure.
FAILED

UGC6332 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC6332
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h19m16.65s / +20°48'48.87"
Brightness / Size: b13.8 mag / 1.3x1.1'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4+, SQM-L 21.3
SQM-L 21.0: Less evident, roundish, slightly condensed.
MODERATE

UGC6614 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC6614
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h39m14.84s / +17°08'36.88"
Brightness / Size: b14.4 mag / 1.3x1.2'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 5
Only the bright core was visible. Fairly compact, round, evenly bright. Barely seen with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

UGC6631 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC6631
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h40m11.69s / +17°18'44.49"
Brightness / Size: b14.5 mag / 1.0x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 5
Roundish to slightly oval, evenly bright. Fairly well seen with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

UGC6670 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC6670
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h42m29.42s / +18°19'58.09"
Brightness / Size: v12.9 mag / 4.2x1.0'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 5
Glimpsed with averted vision as very faint, evenly bright, elongated nebula.
DIFFICULT