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Last update: 2018-11-18

VdS FG

- Galaxies (CVn) -

And (95) Cep (5) Del (13) Leo (107) Peg (131) Tri (48)
Aql (3) Cet (20) Dra (70) Lep (4) Per (31) UMa (148)
Aqr (11) CMi (5) Equ (5) Lib (1) Psc (58) UMi (4)
Ari (35) Cnc (59) Eri (3) LMi (31) Pup (1) Vir (104)
Aur (1) Com (90) Gem (35) Lyn (57) Ser (15) Vul (3)
Boo (15) CrB (31) Her (39) Lyr (21) Sex (13)
Cam (45) CVn (86) Hya (3) Oph (2) Sgr (1)
Cas (6) Cyg (20) Lac (19) Ori (4) Tau (1)

Arp 23 (GLXGRP)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Arp23
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h41m43.00s / +41°12'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4618 (IC3667, UGC7853, H1.178, H1.179) v10.8 mag 4.2x3.4' (25°)
NGC4625 (IC3675, UGC7861, H2.660) v12.3 mag 1.3x1.2' (160°)
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
I just focused on the bright NGC4618, which appeared roundish and almost evenly bright with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 5
NGC4618 is the larger and brighter one and could be well seen with averted vision as roundish brightening. The galaxy appeared brighter towards the north edge. NGC4625 in comparison is much fainter, also roundish, evenly bright and barely visible with averted vision.
MODERATE

Arp 84 (GLXGRP)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: Arp84
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h58m35.00s / +37°26'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC5394 (UGC8898, H1.191) v13.1 mag 1.7x0.8' (60°)
NGC5395 (UGC8900, H1.190) v11.7 mag 2.7x1.3' (5°)
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Both galaxies are well visible with averted vision. NGC5395 appears obviously oval and evenly bright, whereas NGC5394 appears as a very compact brightening.
MODERATE

Arp 85 (GLXGRP)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: Arp85
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h29m55.00s / +47°13'00.00"

Group Members:
M51 (NGC5194, UGC8493, Whirlpool Galaxy) v8.4 mag 11.2x6.9' (163°)
NGC5195 (UGC8494, H1.186) v9.6 mag 5.9x4.6' (27°)
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0
Roundish, evenly bright, faint, less apparent.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Barely visible with direct vision, evident with averted vision. Round, evenly bright.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
M51: Round with bright, very compact core, otherwise evenly bright.

NGC5195: Slightly oval with brigher center.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Both galaxies are very evident, visible with direct vision and easily separable. M51 appears quite large, nearly evenly bright and roundish with a very distinct, bright and compact center. NGC5195 in comparison is obviously smaller with an also bright, compact center, which is surrounded by a fainter, roundish halo.

EASY
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
At 23x both galaxy visible and separate, whereby NGC 5195 is noticeable fainter. At 66x Messier 51 showed a compact, brighter nucleus and a round, fainter, evenly bright halo. NGC 5195 can be at 66x well seen with averted vision, oval with slightly towards south shifted, brighter core.

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
M51: At 37x bright, stellar core with round, relatively faint halo. At 100x with averted vision two evident spiral arms, winding widely around the core. A foreground star southwest of the core within the halo.
NGC5195: Bright, oval with very compact nucleus, which is slightly shifted towards southwest.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
M51: At 37x bright, stellar core with round, relatively faint halo. At 100x with averted vision two evident spiral arms, winding widely around the core. A foreground star southwest of the core within the halo.

NGC5195: At 37x roundish with obviously brighter, very compact core. At 100x oval halo around the very bright core, whereas the core is shifted to the eastern edge of the halo.
EASY

Arp 269 (GLXGRP)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Arp269
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h30m36.00s / +41°40'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4485 (UGC7648, H1.197) v11.9 mag 2.4x1.8' (15°)
NGC4490 (UGC7651, H1.198) v9.8 mag 6.3x3.1' (115°)
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
I tried the bright NGC4490, but without success.

FAILED
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
NGC4485: Quite small, roundish, evenly bright.

NGC4490: At 28x slightly elongated, evenly bright. At 60x a bit brighter center.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
NGC4485: At 23x not very evident, slightly oval, evenly bright. At 48x conspicuous and getting slightly brighter towards the middle.

NGC4490: At 23x very evident, oval, slightly condensed and barely visible with direct vision. At 48x easily seen with direct vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
NGC4485: At 37x well visible with averted vision as fairly small brightening. At 96x slightly oval.

NGC4490: Directly seen, elongated with obviously brighter, also elongated core area.
EASY

Arp 281 (GLXGRP)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (red) - 20×20'
Name: Arp281
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h42m00.00s / +32°33'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4627 (UGC7860, H2.659) v12.4 mag 2.2x1.7' (10°)
NGC4631 (UGC7865, H5.42, Whale Galaxy) v9.2 mag 15.5x2.7' (83°)
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
I just tried the bright NGC4631.

FAILED
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
NGC4627: Round, relatively small nebula, which can be easily seen at 96x with averted vision. A moderately faint star located between the centers of NGC4631 and NGC4627.

NGC4631: Large, very bright, very elongated with tapering ending on the west side. Broadening towards the brighter core, which is slightly shifted to the east along the longitudinal axis.
EASY

Hickson 68 (GLXGRP)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 13×13'
Name: HCG68
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h53m40.00s / +40°19'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC5350 (UGC8810, H2.713) v11.3 mag 3.2x2.6' (40°)
NGC5353 (UGC8813, H2.714) v11.0 mag 2.8x1.9' (145°)
NGC5354 (UGC8814, H2.715) v11.4 mag 2.2x2.0'
NGC5355 (UGC8819, H3.699) v13.1 mag 1.2x0.7' (5°)
NGC5358 (UGC8826) v13.6 mag 1.1x0.3' (138°)
Very bright Hickson Group. The brightest members should be well visible also with smaller aperture.

8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
At 37x the two brightest members NGC5353 and NGC5354 are evident with averted vision and clearly separated from each other. At 100x NGC5353 appeared slightly oval with bright, distinct core, whereas NGC5354 appeared more roundish and evenly bright. Also well visible is NGC5350, which is largest member of the group. Already visible at 37x with averted vision as relatively large, roundish, rather faint brightening. At 100x the center was somewhat brighter. The much more fainter NGC5355 was well seen at 150x with averted vision as slightly elongated brightening. The faintest member is NGC5358: At 150x I could barely see this galaxy with averted vision as very compact, diffuse brightening, which was probably only the bright core area.
EASY

M51 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: M51, NGC5194, UGC8493, Whirlpool Galaxy
Group: Arp85
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h29m52.70s / +47°11'42.93"
Brightness / Size: v8.4 mag / 11.2x6.9'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Round, evenly bright, rather faint, less apparent.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Barely visible with direct vision, evident with averted vision. Round, evenly bright.

EASY
70mm f/5.7, 32x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.4
At 15x roundish to slightly oval (probably because of NGC 5195). The center was slightly brighter. At 32x and 44x the galaxy showed a brighter core surrounded by an evenly bright, round halo. At 32x I could almost, at 44x clearly separate NGC 5195.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Round with bright, very compact core, otherwise evenly bright.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Apparent with direct vision. Very bright, compact core surrounded by a large, nearly evenly bright, round halo.

EASY
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
At 23x well visible with averted vision and separated from NGC 5195. At 66x compact, brighter core with round, fainter, evenly bright halo. Only the brighter central part was visible.

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Rather compact center with relatively small, round, evenly bright halo. The outer regions of the galaxy were just faintly visible, in which a fainter field star was embedded southwest of the core.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 37x bright, stellar core with round, relatively faint halo. At 100x with averted vision two evident spiral arms, winding widely around the core. A foreground star southwest of the core within the halo.
EASY

M63 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 13×13'
Name: M63, NGC5055, UGC8334
Group: M51 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h15m49.33s / +42°01'45.44"
Brightness / Size: v8.6 mag / 12.6x7.5'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Fairly well seen with averted vision, evenly bright, oval.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Clearly oval shape with very bright, round and fairly compact core. Sharply defined to south. Halo to north little more extended and blend more diffuse into background.
EASY

M94 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: M94, NGC4736, UGC7996
Group: Canes Venatici I Group
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h50m53.15s / +41°07'12.55"
Brightness / Size: v8.2 mag / 11.2x9.1'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Fairly compact brightening. Quite easily visible with averted vision.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Extremely bright, compact center with slightly oval, faint halo.

EASY
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 5
Very bright, stellar core with faint, round, nearly evenly bright halo. Slightly darkening toward the edge.
EASY

M106 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS I - 18×18'
Name: M106, NGC4258, UGC7353, H5.43
Group: Canes Venatici II Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h18m57.62s / +47°18'13.39"
Brightness / Size: v8.4 mag / 17.4x6.6'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Quite faint. Appeared roundish (?).

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Very compact, bright core surrounded by an also pretty bright, oval central area. Overall the galaxy appears oval, whereby the outer regions fade out diffusely.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Elongated shape with bright, compact core. At 80x I intermittently saw faint differences in surface brightness.
EASY

NGC4111 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4111, UGC7103, H1.195
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h07m03.13s / +43°03'55.41"
Brightness / Size: v10.7 mag / 4.6x1.0'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Oval with roundish core area and fainter halo.
EASY

NGC4117 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4117, UGC7112, H3.708
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h07m46.09s / +43°07'35.27"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 1.8x0.9'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Roundish to slightly oval. Difficult to percept.
DIFFICULT

NGC4138 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4138, UGC7139, H1.196
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h09m29.79s / +43°41'07.14"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 2.6x1.7'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Roundish, brightening toward the edge.
EASY

NGC4143 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4143, UGC7142, H4.54
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h09m36.09s / +42°32'03.18"
Brightness / Size: v10.9 mag / 2.3x1.4'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Very bright, roundish core with oval halo.
EASY

NGC4145 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS I - 6×6'
Name: NGC4145, UGC7154, H1.169
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h10m01.52s / +39°53'01.90"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 5.9x4.1'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Very faint, roundish to slightly oval, evenly bright. Barely held with averted vision. I probably saw only the brighter central part.

SKETCH

DIFFICULT

NGC4151 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS I - 12×12'
Name: NGC4151, UGC7166, H1.165, Eye of Sauron
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h10m32.58s / +39°24'21.03"
Brightness / Size: v11.5 mag / 6.8x5.3'
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.5
At 23x only the bright core is visible as very compact brightening, which can be easily overlooked. At 48x the core is still compact, but non-stellar and surrounded by a small, faint, round halo. At 66x the core is obviously non-stellar, the galaxy is quite evident with averted and almost visible with direct vision.

EASY
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
At 26x the core appeared as very compact brightening surrounded by a small, faint halo. At 48x similar, but the galaxy is easily visible with direct vision.

SKETCH

EASY
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
At 46x evident with averted vision as small, diffuse brightening with stellar core. At 150x compact core surrounded by a small, roundish, evenly bright halo.
EASY

NGC4183 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC4183, UGC7222, H3.697
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h13m16.86s / +43°41'53.77"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 5.3x0.7'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Wonderful galaxy. Evenly bright, very elongated & thin.
MODERATE

NGC4217 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4217, UGC7282, H2.748
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h15m50.90s / +47°05'30.44"
Brightness / Size: v11.2 mag / 4.8x1.5'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Obviously elongated. Two nearby interfering stars. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC4218 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4218, UGC7283, H3.718
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h15m46.25s / +48°07'53.14"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 1.2x0.7'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Round, evenly bright. Located nearby an 8.89m star.
DIFFICULT

NGC4220 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4220, UGC7290, H1.209
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h16m11.73s / +47°53'00.07"
Brightness / Size: v11.4 mag / 3.9x1.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Already visible at 37x as faint haze. At 80x obvious with averted vision, elongated, pretty thin, evenly bright, tapered endings, high surface brightness. At 150x barely visible with direct vision, getting a bit broader & brighter toward the center.
EASY

NGC4226 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4226, UGC7297
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h16m26.30s / +47°01'31.06"
Brightness / Size: v13.5 mag / 1.0x0.5'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Evenly bright.
DIFFICULT

NGC4231 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4231, UGC7304, H3.719
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h16m48.89s / +47°27'26.84"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 1.2x1.1'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4 FAILED

NGC4232 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4232, UGC7303, H3.720
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h16m48.99s / +47°26'19.84"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 1.3x0.7'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4 FAILED

NGC4242 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC4242, UGC7323, H3.725
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h17m30.12s / +45°37'09.10"
Brightness / Size: v10.8 mag / 5.2x4.0'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Fairly large, faint, evenly bright. Shape seemed irregular, maybe roundish to slightly oval.
MODERATE

NGC4244 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 16×16'
Name: NGC4244, UGC7322, H5.41
Group: NGC4631 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h17m29.66s / +37°48'25.60"
Brightness / Size: v10.0 mag / 15.9x2.5'
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.5
Very elongated, thin, evenly bright. Well visible with averted vision.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
Already visible at 23x with averted vision. At 48x very evident with averted vision, obviously elongated, tapering endings, thin, getting slightly brighter towards the middle.

SKETCH

EASY

NGC4248 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4248, UGC7335, H2.742
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h17m49.90s / +47°24'32.97"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 2.9x1.2'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Faint, slightly elongated.
DIFFICULT

NGC4288 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4288, UGC7399, H3.726
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h20m38.12s / +46°17'27.67"
Brightness / Size: v12.9 mag / 2.2x1.6'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Nearly round, very faint.
MODERATE

NGC4346 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4346, UGC7463, H1.210
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h23m27.94s / +46°59'37.97"
Brightness / Size: v11.1 mag / 3.2x1.3'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Elongated with brighter, compact core.
EASY

NGC4357 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4357, NGC4381, UGC7478, H2.743
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h23m58.83s / +48°46'45.50"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 3.7x1.3'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
At 37x rather faint, oval, evenly bright. Higher magnifications up to 150x resulted in similar view.
MODERATE

NGC4389 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4389, UGC7514, H2.749
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h25m35.10s / +45°41'04.81"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 2.6x1.3'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Nearly evenly bright, roundish to slightly oval.
MODERATE

NGC4449 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: NGC4449, UGC7592, H1.213
Group: M94 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h28m11.12s / +44°05'36.81"
Brightness / Size: v9.4 mag / 6.2x4.4'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2

FAILED
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
At 37x seen as oval nebula with fairly bright, slightly elongated core area. At 96x the brighter core appeared slightly shifted SW. Orientation of the galaxy approximately NE-SW.
EASY

NGC4460 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4460, UGC7611, H1.212, H2.750
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h28m45.56s / +44°51'51.25"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 4.2x1.3'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Thin, brightening toward the middle. Orientierung NE-SW.
EASY

NGC4485 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4485, UGC7648, H1.197
Group: Arp269
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h30m31.11s / +41°42'04.22"
Brightness / Size: v11.9 mag / 2.4x1.8'
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Quite small, roundish, evenly bright.

MODERATE
120mm f/5, 23x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
At 23x not very evident, slightly oval, evenly bright. At 48x conspicuous and getting slightly brighter towards the middle.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x fairly small brightening. At 96x slightly oval.
MODERATE

NGC4490 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: NGC4490, UGC7651, H1.198
Group: Arp269
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h30m36.37s / +41°38'37.07"
Brightness / Size: v9.8 mag / 6.3x3.1'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3

FAILED
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.9: Quite small brightening. Appeared roundish. Well visible with averted vision.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
At 28x slightly elongated, evenly bright. At 60x a bit brighter center.

EASY
120mm f/5, 48x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.5
At 23x almost evident with averted vision, evenly bright, oval. At 48x nearly evenly bright and barely visible with direct vision.

EASY
120mm f/5, 23x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
At 23x very evident, oval, slightly condensed and barely visible with direct vision. At 48x easily seen with direct vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Elongated with obviously brighter, also elongated core area.
EASY

NGC4618 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4618, IC3667, UGC7853, H1.178, H1.179
Group: Arp23, Virgo Supercluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h41m32.84s / +41°09'02.74"
Brightness / Size: v10.8 mag / 4.2x3.4'
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Roundish, almost evenly bright.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Roundish. Slight brightening toward the northern edge.
MODERATE

NGC4625 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4625, IC3675, UGC7861, H2.660
Group: Arp23
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h41m52.70s / +41°16'25.39"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 1.3x1.2'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 5
Fairly faint, roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4627 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4627, UGC7860, H2.659
Group: Arp281, NGC4631 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h41m59.73s / +32°34'24.40"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 2.2x1.7'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Round, relatively small nebula nearby NGC4631. A moderately faint star located between the centers of NGC4631 and NGC4627.
MODERATE

NGC4631 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 16×16'
Name: NGC4631, UGC7865, H5.42, Whale Galaxy
Group: Arp281, NGC4631 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h42m08.01s / +32°32'29.44"
Brightness / Size: v9.2 mag / 15.5x2.7'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3

FAILED
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.9: Slightly elongated, rather faint brightening.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Large, very bright, very elongated with tapering ending on the west side. Broadening towards the brighter core, which is slightly shifted to the east along the longitudinal axis.
EASY

NGC4656 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (red) - 16×16'
Name: NGC4656, UGC7907, H1.176
Group: NGC4631 Group, Hockey Stick
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h43m57.65s / +32°10'13.04"
Brightness / Size: v10.5 mag / 15.3x2.4'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Thin, nearly evenly bright, very elongated, slight broadening toward the middle. At 133x intermittently separated from NGC4657.
EASY

NGC4657 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4657, H1.177
Group: NGC4631 Group, NGC4656, Hockey Stick
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h44m11.30s / +32°12'18.50"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 1.3x0.6'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Fairly well seen with averted vision as curved extension of NGC4656. At 133x intermittently separated from NGC4656.
MODERATE

NGC4704 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4704, UGC7972, H2.662
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h48m46.39s / +41°55'16.61"
Brightness / Size: v13.7 mag / 1.0x0.9'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 5 FAILED

NGC4800 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4800, UGC8035, H1.211
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h54m37.77s / +46°31'52.10"
Brightness / Size: v11.6 mag / 1.6x1.2'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x relatively small, roundish. At 100x slightly brighter core, otherwise rather evenly bright. Fainter foreground star W.
EASY

NGC4963 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4963, UGC8190, H2.663
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h05m51.94s / +41°43'19.19"
Brightness / Size: v13.3 mag / 0.8x0.8'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Well seen with averted vision as very small, compact brightening. An evident 12.9m star south.
MODERATE

NGC4985 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4985, UGC8218, H3.654
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h08m12.08s / +41°40'34.94"
Brightness / Size: v13.7 mag / 1.3x1.2'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Very compact. Difficult to see at the beginning, afterwards held for for sure with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

NGC5005 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC5005, UGC8256, H1.96
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h10m56.31s / +37°03'32.19"
Brightness / Size: v9.8 mag / 5.8x2.9'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x very obvious, very elongated with very bright, oval core area. Seems at 100x a bit unsteady with averted vision.
EASY

NGC5023 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC5023, UGC8286, H2.664
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h12m11.80s / +44°02'16.88"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 5.8x0.8'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x almost obvious with averted vision. Wonderful elongated, thin, evenly bright. Despite the fairly high surface brightness the galaxy suffer from brightened sky!
EASY

NGC5033 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: NGC5033, UGC8307, H1.97
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h13m27.54s / +36°35'37.14"
Brightness / Size: v10.0 mag / 9.8x3.6'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very elongated with brighter, slightly elongated core.
EASY

NGC5103 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5103, UGC8388, H2.665
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h20m30.05s / +43°05'02.45"
Brightness / Size: v12.7 mag / 1.4x1.0'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Seen as very small, compact, faint brightening nearby an 8.12m star. At 37x barely seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC5123 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5123, UGC8415, H2.666
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h23m10.51s / +43°05'10.80"
Brightness / Size: v12.8 mag / 1.3x1.1'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Shape difficult to percept. Seemed roundish to slightly oval. Relatively well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC5145 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5145, UGC8439, H2.667
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h25m13.91s / +43°16'01.85"
Brightness / Size: v12.6 mag / 2.0x1.8'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Roundish, brightening toward the middle.
MODERATE

NGC5173 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5173, UGC8468, H3.672
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h28m25.27s / +46°35'29.66"
Brightness / Size: v12.2 mag / 1.0x0.9'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 5
Very small, roundish, brightening toward the middle.
MODERATE

NGC5195 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: NGC5195, UGC8494, H1.186
Group: Arp85
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h29m59.59s / +47°15'58.06"
Brightness / Size: v9.6 mag / 5.9x4.6'
70mm f/5.7, 44x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.4
At 15x Messier 51 appeared partly slightly oval, probably because of NGC 5195. At 32x NGC 5195 was almost, at 44x clearly separated from Messier 51. At 44x the galaxy appeared slightly oval, getting a bit brigher toward the middle.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Slightly oval with brigher center.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Apparent with direct vision. Very bright, compact core surrounded by a fainter, roundish halo.

EASY
120mm f/5, 66x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.1
At 23x visible as pretty faint brightening separated from Messier 51. At 66x well seen with averted vision, oval with slightly towards south shifted, brighter core.

SKETCH

MODERATE
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Bright, oval with very compact nucleus, which is slightly shifted towards southwest.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 37x roundish with obviously brighter, very compact core. At 100x oval halo around the very bright core, whereas the core is shifted to the eastern edge of the halo.
EASY

NGC5198 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5198, UGC8499, H2.689
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h30m11.41s / +46°40'14.99"
Brightness / Size: v11.8 mag / 2.0x1.7'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Roundish brightening. Fairly well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC5267 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5267, UGC8655
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h40m39.95s / +38°47'38.49"
Brightness / Size: v13.5 mag / 1.4x0.5'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very elongated, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC5273 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5273, UGC8675, H1.98
Type: GLX, SY1
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h42m08.39s / +35°39'15.26"
Brightness / Size: v11.6 mag / 2.7x2.2'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x relatively small, roundish, evenly bright. At 100x no distinct core noticeable.
EASY

NGC5289 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5289, UGC8699, H2.668
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h45m08.67s / +41°30'11.89"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 1.6x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Obviously oval with brighter, roundish core area.
MODERATE

NGC5290 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5290, UGC8700, H1.170
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h45m19.13s / +41°42'44.41"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 3.7x1.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Moderately bright, very elongated, evenly bright.
EASY

NGC5303 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5303, NGC5303A, UGC8725, H3.681
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h47m45.00s / +38°18'17.00"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 0.9x0.4'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Slightly oval, relatively small, but very high surface brightness. Seen with direct vision.
EASY

NGC5303B (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5303B
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h47m45.50s / +38°15'33.00"
Brightness / Size: v14.6 mag / 0.7x0.3'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4 FAILED

NGC5305 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5305, UGC8729, H3.621
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h47m55.69s / +37°49'34.36"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 1.5x1.1'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Extremely faint, roundish.
DIFFICULT

NGC5311 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5311, UGC8735, H2.710
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h48m56.06s / +39°59'06.88"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 2.6x2.3'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Round with slightly brighter core.
EASY

NGC5313 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5313, UGC8744, H2.711
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h49m44.35s / +39°59'04.57"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 1.7x1.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very bright, obviously oval with very bright, slightly elongated core area.
EASY

NGC5320 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5320, UGC8749, H2.669
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h50m20.38s / +41°21'58.84"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 3.6x1.7'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Oval, slightly brighter core. Otherwise almost evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC5326 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5326, UGC8764, H2.712
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h50m50.71s / +39°34'29.69"
Brightness / Size: v11.9 mag / 2.2x1.2'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Slightly oval with a bit brighter core.
EASY

NGC5337 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5337, UGC8789, H3.698
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h52m23.04s / +39°41'14.01"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 1.7x0.8'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Relatively faint, slightly brighter core.
MODERATE

NGC5341 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5341, UGC8792
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h52m31.91s / +37°49'02.85"
Brightness / Size: v13.2 mag / 1.3x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Obviously oval.
MODERATE

NGC5346 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5346, UGC8804
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h53m01.92s / +39°34'49.89"
Brightness / Size: v13.8 mag / 2.0x0.8'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Only tried short at 100x & 150x without success.
FAILED

NGC5349 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5349, UGC8803
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h53m13.17s / +37°52'59.21"
Brightness / Size: v14.0 mag / 1.7x0.5'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4 FAILED

NGC5350 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5350, UGC8810, H2.713
Group: HCG68
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h53m21.58s / +40°21'50.24"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 3.2x2.6'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Roundish, faint, evenly bright. Relatively large. At 100x slightly brighter core, otherwise almost evenly bright. Nearby a 6.48m star, less conspicuous.
EASY

NGC5351 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5351, UGC8809, H2.697
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h53m27.70s / +37°54'54.22"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 2.9x1.6'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Obviously oval, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC5353 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5353, UGC8813, H2.714
Group: HCG68
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h53m26.74s / +40°16'59.24"
Brightness / Size: v11.0 mag / 2.8x1.9'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Already seen at 37x, obviously bright and clearly separated from nearby NGC5354. At 100x slightly oval with bright, distinct core area.
EASY

NGC5354 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5354, UGC8814, H2.715
Group: HCG68
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h53m26.80s / +40°18'10.30"
Brightness / Size: v11.4 mag / 2.2x2.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x obvious with averted vision. Clearly separated from nearby NGC5353. At 100x roundish, almost evenly bright.
EASY

NGC5355 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5355, UGC8819, H3.699
Group: HCG68
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h53m45.56s / +40°20'19.66"
Brightness / Size: v13.1 mag / 1.2x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Slightly elongated.
MODERATE

NGC5358 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5358, UGC8826
Group: HCG68
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h54m00.43s / +40°16'38.71"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 1.1x0.3'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Extremely compact, diffuse.
DIFFICULT

NGC5362 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5362, UGC8835, H2.671
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h54m53.30s / +41°18'48.72"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 2.2x1.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very elongated, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC5371 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5371, NGC5390, UGC8846, H2.716
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h55m40.02s / +40°27'42.37"
Brightness / Size: v10.6 mag / 4.2x3.4'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Roundish with slightly brighter core. Relatively large. At 150x roundish core area. Overall slightly oval.
EASY

NGC5377 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5377, UGC8863, H1.187
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h56m16.67s / +47°14'08.03"
Brightness / Size: v11.5 mag / 3.5x2.0'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 5
Elongated brightening.
MODERATE

NGC5378 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5378, UGC8869
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h56m51.01s / +37°47'49.48"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 2.7x2.2'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Relatively faint, round, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC5380 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5380, UGC8870, H2.698
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h56m56.67s / +37°36'37.50"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 1.9x1.9'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Fairly small, roundish with brighter core area.
MODERATE

NGC5383 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5383, UGC8875, H1.181
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h57m04.98s / +41°50'45.60"
Brightness / Size: v11.5 mag / 2.6x2.2'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Already seen as fairly small, roundish brightening with averted vision. At 100x slightly brighter, likewise roundish core.
EASY

NGC5394 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5394, UGC8898, H1.191
Group: Arp84
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h58m33.66s / +37°27'12.47"
Brightness / Size: v13.1 mag / 1.7x0.8'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Small, compact brightening.
MODERATE

NGC5395 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5395, UGC8900, H1.190
Group: Arp84
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h58m37.94s / +37°25'28.49"
Brightness / Size: v11.7 mag / 2.7x1.3'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Already seen easily at 37x with averted vision. Very elongated, faint, evenly bright, relatively thin.
EASY

NGC5403 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5403, UGC8919, H3.683
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h59m50.87s / +38°10'56.60"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 3.1x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Very faint, very elongated, evenly bright.
DIFFICULT

NGC5406 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5406, UGC8925, H2.699
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 14h00m20.09s / +38°54'55.32"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 1.9x1.4'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Evenly bright, round. Shape hardly recognisable. Nearby interfering 6.63m star.
MODERATE

NGC5407 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC5407, UGC8930, H3.684
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 14h00m50.11s / +39°09'22.07"
Brightness / Size: v13.2 mag / 1.4x1.0'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Very faint, shape hardly recognisable. Appeared roundish to slightly oval. Southwest an evident triangle of stars.
DIFFICULT

UGC7690 (GLX)

DSS
Image source: DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC7690
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h32m27.07s / +42°42'16.60"
Brightness / Size: v12.6 mag / 2.0x1.6'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Should be just easily visible.
FAILED