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Last update: 2017-09-20

VdS FG

- Galaxies (Com) -

And (92) Cep (5) Del (13) Leo (105) Peg (115) Tri (48)
Aql (3) Cet (20) Dra (63) Lep (4) Per (25) UMa (139)
Aqr (11) CMi (5) Equ (5) Lib (1) Psc (57) UMi (4)
Ari (35) Cnc (59) Eri (3) LMi (28) Pup (1) Vir (104)
Aur (1) Com (86) Gem (35) Lyn (57) Ser (15) Vul (3)
Boo (15) CrB (31) Her (39) Lyr (19) Sex (13)
Cam (45) CVn (84) Hya (3) Oph (2) Sgr (1)
Cas (6) Cyg (20) Lac (19) Ori (4) Tau (1)

Arp 34 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: Arp34
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h41m32.00s / +26°04'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4613 v15.2 mag 0.5x0.4'
NGC4614 (UGC7851) v13.3 mag 0.9x0.8'
NGC4615 (UGC7852) v13.1 mag 1.6x0.7' (125°)
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
This observation was in May 2012 and I only focused on NGC4615, but without any success. I'm sure there should be more possible with 8 inch!
FAILED

Hickson 61 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: HCG61, The Box
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h12m22.00s / +29°11'09.00"

Group Members:
NGC4169 (UGC7202, H3.358) v12.3 mag 1.8x0.9' (150°)
NGC4173 (UGC7204, H2.372) v12.7 mag 5.0x0.7' (128°)
NGC4174 (UGC7206, H3.359) v13.6 mag 0.8x0.3' (50°)
NGC4175 (UGC7211, H3.360) v13.4 mag 1.8x0.4' (130°)
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3, SQM-L 21.5
All four members were visible. NGC4169 is brightest member and apparent with direct vision. Appeared as oval nebula with brighter core. NGC4174 & NGC4175 appeared elongated, whereas NGC4174 is fairly compact. Both galaxies well seen with averted vision. NGC4173 held with averted vision, very thin & elongated, but quite faint and evenly bright. An awesome group of galaxies, especially when you see all members at once!

MODERATE
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
NGC4169 most easy, which can be seen with direct vision as an oval nebula with much brighter core. Smallest and second brightest regarding to high surface brightness is NGC4174: relatively small, elongated, apparent with averted vision. More difficult is NGC4175: Permanently held with averted vision as elongated nebula. Largest, but very faint NGC4173 not seen.
MODERATE

IC3365 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC3365, UGC7563
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h27m11.36s / +15°53'47.29"
Brightness / Size: v13.9 mag / 2.1x1.0'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Tried short at 150x & 210x without success.
FAILED

M64 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: M64, NGC4826, UGC8062, Black Eye Galaxy
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h56m43.70s / +21°40'57.57"
Brightness / Size: v8.5 mag / 10.0x5.4'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Appeared more roundish & evenly bright. Well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Bright, slightly oval center with oval, fainter halo.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x very bright, nearly stellar core with oval halo. Orientation NW-SE. At 100x bright, stellar core. Galaxy seems mottled arround the core. At 171x northeast of the core an obvious, slightly curved dark area (= black eye).
EASY

M85 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M85, NGC4382, UGC7508
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h25m24.05s / +18°11'27.89"
Brightness / Size: v9.1 mag / 7.1x5.5'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x oval with much brighter, compact core. At 100x core still compact. A foreground star north of the core within the halo.
EASY

M88 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: M88, NGC4501, UGC7675
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h31m59.22s / +14°25'13.48"
Brightness / Size: v9.6 mag / 6.8x3.7'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x elongated with brighter center. At 80x very elongated (1:4), slightly elongated core area with compact, almost stellar core.
EASY

M91 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M91, NGC4548, UGC7753, H2.120
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h35m26.43s / +14°29'46.75"
Brightness / Size: v10.1 mag / 5.2x4.2'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x roundish, brightening toward the middle but without distinct core. Evident with averted vision. At 80x core area more apparent and elongated, galaxy overall oval.
EASY

M98 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: M98, NGC4192, UGC7231
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h13m48.29s / +14°54'01.69"
Brightness / Size: v10.1 mag / 9.8x2.8'
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
Elongated, evenly bright, very faint. At 62x not much better.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.8: Overall very elongated with also obviously elongated & brighter central area.
EASY

M99 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M99, NGC4254, UGC7345
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h18m49.62s / +14°24'59.36"
Brightness / Size: v9.9 mag / 5.4x4.7'
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
Round with slightly brighter center. Quite faint.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Round with slightly brighter core area. Next time I will keep an eye on some details.
EASY

M100 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M100, NGC4321, UGC7450
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h22m54.90s / +15°49'20.57"
Brightness / Size: v9.3 mag / 7.6x6.2'
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
Round, evenly bright, very faint. At 25x barely seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Obvious. Round, extended, very bright core surrounded by an also round, but fainter, very large halo. Just a quick side-trip ;)
EASY

MCG+5-29-35 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+5-29-35, PGC38903
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h12m24.34s / +28°49'01.48"
Brightness / Size: v14.2 mag / 0.9x0.4'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3, SQM-L 21.5
Quite easily held with averted vision as oval brightening.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Rarely, but definitely seen as a slightly elongated nebula.
DIFFICULT

NGC4049 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4049, UGC7027, H3.390
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h02m54.26s / +18°45'04.91"
Brightness / Size: v13.3 mag / 0.9x0.6'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Shape difficult to percept. Appeared roundish to slightly oval. Overall rather faint.
MODERATE

NGC4064 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4064, UGC7054
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h04m11.19s / +18°26'36.42"
Brightness / Size: v11.5 mag / 4.6x1.7'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x quite apparent, slightly oval. At 60x brighter, relatively small, elongated core. Overall oval or slightly elongated. At 100x almost visible with direct vision, broadening toward the middle.
EASY

NGC4110 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4110, UGC7102
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h07m03.46s / +18°31'54.12"
Brightness / Size: v13.7 mag / 1.3x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Barely perceptible as fairly compact brightening with averted vision. Probably only the bright center was visible.
DIFFICULT

NGC4152 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4152, UGC7169, H2.83
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h10m37.51s / +16°01'58.56"
Brightness / Size: v12.2 mag / 2.3x1.9'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Roundish, almost evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4155 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4155, UGC7172
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h10m45.67s / +19°02'26.70"
Brightness / Size: v13.3 mag / 1.1x1.0'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Fairly faint, evenly bright. Shape hard to percept.
MODERATE

NGC4158 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4158, UGC7182, H2.405
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h11m10.17s / +20°10'32.77"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 2.0x1.8'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Relatively small, roundish, almost evenly bright. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC4169 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4169, UGC7202, H3.358
Group: NGC4196 Group, HCG61, The Box
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h12m18.82s / +29°10'45.46"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 1.8x0.9'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Oval, distinctly brighter core. Brightest member in group.
EASY

NGC4173 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4173, UGC7204, H2.372
Group: NGC4196 Group, HCG61, The Box
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h12m20.35s / +29°12'41.70"
Brightness / Size: v12.7 mag / 5.0x0.7'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3, SQM-L 21.5
Held with averted vision. Very thin & elongated, fairly faint, evenly bright without distinct core.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
However, it is damned faint ;)
FAILED

NGC4174 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4174, UGC7206, H3.359
Group: NGC4196 Group, HCG61, The Box
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h12m26.91s / +29°08'57.49"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 0.8x0.3'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Relatively small, evenly bright, elongated. High surface brightness. Second brightes member of HCG61.
MODERATE

NGC4175 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4175, UGC7211, H3.360
Group: NGC4196 Group, HCG61, The Box
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h12m31.09s / +29°10'06.97"
Brightness / Size: v13.4 mag / 1.8x0.4'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3, SQM-L 21.5
Appeared a bit fainter than NGC4174. Very elongated. Well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Nearly evenly bright, elongated perpendicularly to NGC4174.. Third brightest member of HGC61.
DIFFICULT

NGC4185 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4185, UGC7225, H2.373
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h13m22.21s / +28°30'39.31"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 2.6x2.0'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Very faint, evenly bright. Shape not clearly perceptible.
MODERATE

NGC4189 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4189, IC3050, UGC7235, H2.106
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h13m47.28s / +13°25'29.45"
Brightness / Size: v11.7 mag / 2.5x1.7'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.8: Rather faint, less conspicuous with slightly brighter center, otherwise evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4196 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4196, UGC7245, H2.374
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h14m29.72s / +28°25'24.39"
Brightness / Size: v12.8 mag / 1.2x0.9'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 5
Very faint, roundish, compact.
DIFFICULT

NGC4222 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4222, UGC7291, H2.109
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h16m22.52s / +13°18'25.46"
Brightness / Size: v13.3 mag / 3.1x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.8: Very faint, elongated, evenly bright.
DIFFICULT

NGC4239 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4239, UGC7316
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h17m14.93s / +16°31'53.22"
Brightness / Size: v12.8 mag / 1.8x1.2'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Relatively faint, evenly bright, round (?).
MODERATE

NGC4245 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4245, UGC7328, H1.74
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h17m36.78s / +29°36'28.81"
Brightness / Size: v11.4 mag / 3.3x2.4'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Located at the end of an evident chain of stars. At 37x compact. At 96x fairly faint with slightly brighter core, roundish to slightly oval.
MODERATE

NGC4251 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4251, UGC7338, H1.89
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h18m08.31s / +28°10'31.08"
Brightness / Size: v10.7 mag / 3.6x1.5'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Roundish, relatively compact. Barely seen with direct vision.
EASY

NGC4262 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4262, UGC7365, H2.110
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h19m30.58s / +14°52'39.78"
Brightness / Size: v11.6 mag / 1.8x1.6'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Roundish with brighter core area.
EASY

NGC4274 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC4274, UGC7377, H1.75
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h19m50.66s / +29°36'52.92"
Brightness / Size: v10.4 mag / 7.2x3.0'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Already seen at 37x as elongated brightening. At 96x very elongated with oval, brighter core.
EASY

NGC4278 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4278, UGC7386, H1.90, H2.322
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h20m06.83s / +29°16'50.71"
Brightness / Size: v10.2 mag / 4.1x3.8'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Relatively bright core, faint halo.
EASY

NGC4283 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4283, UGC7390, H2.323, H2.377
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h20m20.79s / +29°18'39.23"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 1.4x1.4'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
In comparison to NGC4278 less distinct core, fairly small, faint, compact.
MODERATE

NGC4293 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 6×6'
Name: NGC4293, UGC7405, H5.5
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h21m12.89s / +18°22'56.64"
Brightness / Size: v10.3 mag / 5.5x2.9'
8" f/6, 60x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Elongated with brighter center, otherwise evenly bright.
EASY

NGC4298 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC4298, UGC7412, H2.111
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h21m32.79s / +14°36'21.78"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 3.2x1.9'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Well seen with averted vision. Evenly bright, slightly oval.
MODERATE

NGC4302 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: NGC4302, UGC7418, H2.112
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h21m42.48s / +14°35'51.94"
Brightness / Size: v11.6 mag / 5.3x1.0'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Very faint, evenly bright, elongated.
MODERATE

NGC4310 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4310, NGC4311, NGC4338, UGC7440, H2.378
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h22m26.28s / +29°12'31.20"
Brightness / Size: v12.2 mag / 2.4x1.3'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Faint, roundish.
MODERATE

NGC4312 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4312, UGC7442, H2.628
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h22m31.36s / +15°32'16.51"
Brightness / Size: v11.7 mag / 4.6x1.1'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Wonderful, elongated, evenly bright galaxy.
MODERATE

NGC4314 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4314, UGC7443, H1.76
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h22m31.98s / +29°53'43.09"
Brightness / Size: v10.6 mag / 4.2x3.7'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5
Only the bright bar was seen. Slightly elongated with brighter core.
EASY

NGC4328 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4328, H2.84
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h23m20.04s / +15°49'13.96"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 1.4x1.2'
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Nothing seen at 150x & 210x. Next time I will use a detailed chart!
FAILED

NGC4336 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4336, IC3254, UGC7462, H2.406
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h23m29.83s / +19°25'37.31"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 2.0x0.9'
8" f/6, 60x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Rather small, oval, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4340 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4340, UGC7467, H2.85
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h23m35.31s / +16°43'19.90"
Brightness / Size: v11.2 mag / 3.1x2.3'
Southeastward with an angular distance of about 6' there is NGC4350, that is a more elongated galaxy. Both together give a nice galaxy pair.

8" f/6, 60x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 60x roundish to slightly oval with compact, slightly brighter core. At 100x the halo appeared oval and rather faint. Barely visible with direct vision.
EASY

NGC4350 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4350, UGC7473, H2.86
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h23m57.81s / +16°41'36.08"
Brightness / Size: v11.0 mag / 2.9x1.6'
Northwestward about 6' away there is the also fairly bright galaxy NGC4340. Both galaxies give a nice view.

8" f/6, 60x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: High surface brightness and visible with direct vision. Overall very elongated with an also elongated, much brighter core area. At 100x the compact core seen with direct vision.
EASY

NGC4359 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4359, UGC7483, H3.648
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h24m11.06s / +31°31'17.78"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 3.5x0.8'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 5
Very elongated, thin, faint, evenly bright.
DIFFICULT

NGC4375 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4375, UGC7496, H2.379
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h25m00.49s / +28°33'30.66"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 1.4x1.2'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 5
Glimpsed as small, faint, roundish brightening.
DIFFICULT

NGC4377 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4377, UGC7501, H1.12
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h25m12.31s / +14°45'43.98"
Brightness / Size: v11.9 mag / 1.7x1.3'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Round with very bright, stellar core.
EASY

NGC4379 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4379, UGC7502, H2.87
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h25m14.73s / +15°36'26.99"
Brightness / Size: v11.7 mag / 2.0x1.6'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Roundish to slightly oval, brighter core.
EASY

NGC4383 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4383, UGC7507
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h25m25.52s / +16°28'12.02"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 2.0x1.0'
8" f/6, 60x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 60x only visible as small brightening. At 100x roundish to slightly oval, brightening toward the middle with distinct core.
MODERATE

NGC4394 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4394, UGC7523, H2.55
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h25m55.62s / +18°12'50.13"
Brightness / Size: v10.9 mag / 3.4x3.2'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x rather small, roundish brightening. From 100x the galaxy appeared partially oval or elongated with a brighter, relatively compact core. Well seen all the time with averted vision, at 150x barely visible with direct vision.
EASY

NGC4396 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4396, UGC7526
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h25m58.80s / +15°40'17.28"
Brightness / Size: v12.6 mag / 3.3x1.0'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Oval, very faint, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4405 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4405, IC788, UGC7529, H2.88
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h26m07.12s / +16°10'51.06"
Brightness / Size: v12.2 mag / 1.6x1.1'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Well seen with averted vision, evenly bright, round (?).
MODERATE

NGC4414 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4414, UGC7539, H1.77
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h26m27.09s / +31°13'24.76"
Brightness / Size: v10.1 mag / 3.6x2.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Slightly elongated, fairly bright.
EASY

NGC4419 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4419, UGC7551, H2.113
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h26m56.43s / +15°02'50.72"
Brightness / Size: v11.2 mag / 3.3x1.2'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Very elongated with brighter, oval core area.
EASY

NGC4421 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4421, UGC7554, H2.89
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h27m02.55s / +15°27'40.70"
Brightness / Size: v11.6 mag / 2.7x2.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Slightly oval with brighter, elongated core area.
EASY

NGC4448 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4448, UGC7591, H1.91
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h28m15.43s / +28°37'13.08"
Brightness / Size: v11.1 mag / 3.6x1.3'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Fairly bright, elongated with brighter, oval core area.
EASY

NGC4450 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: NGC4450, UGC7594, H2.56, H2.90
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h28m29.63s / +17°05'05.82"
Brightness / Size: v10.1 mag / 5.4x4.1'
8" f/6, 60x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Nearby a 9.42 mag star. At 60x evident, oval with much much brighter center. Very distinct core area. At 100x rather compact, round nucleus.
EASY

NGC4459 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4459, UGC7614, H1.161
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h29m00.03s / +13°58'42.89"
Brightness / Size: v10.4 mag / 3.8x3.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Nearly round with brighter core.
EASY

NGC4473 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4473, UGC7631, H2.114
Group: Virgo-Cluster, Markarian's chain
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h29m48.88s / +13°25'45.55"
Brightness / Size: v10.2 mag / 4.5x2.5'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Slightly elongated with brighter core.
EASY

NGC4474 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4474, UGC7634, H2.117, H2.629
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h29m53.54s / +14°04'07.22"
Brightness / Size: v11.5 mag / 2.4x1.6'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Elongated with brighter core.
MODERATE

NGC4477 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4477, UGC7638, H2.115
Group: Virgo-Cluster, Markarian's chain
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h30m02.17s / +13°38'11.19"
Brightness / Size: v10.4 mag / 3.7x3.3'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Round, relatively evenly bright.
EASY

NGC4494 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4494, UGC7662, H1.83
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h31m24.03s / +25°46'29.93"
Brightness / Size: v9.7 mag / 4.5x4.3'
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 5
Round brightening which appears nearly stellar at first glance.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, compact core with fainter, round halo.
EASY

NGC4498 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4498, UGC7669, H3.69
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h31m39.56s / +16°51'10.14"
Brightness / Size: v12.2 mag / 3.0x1.6'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Obviously oval, evenly bright, without distinct nucleus. Well visible with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC4502 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4502, UGC7677, H2.92
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h32m03.35s / +16°41'15.75"
Brightness / Size: v13.9 mag / 1.1x0.6'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Probably too tired.
FAILED

NGC4515 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4515, UGC7701, H2.93
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h33m04.94s / +16°15'55.76"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 1.4x1.1'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Quite compact, evenly bright. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

NGC4539 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4539, UGC7735
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h34m34.76s / +18°12'09.28"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 3.3x1.4'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Oval, evenly bright. 24 Com with a distance of about 13' (NE) disturbs.
MODERATE

NGC4540 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4540, UGC7742, H2.94, H2.119
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h34m50.87s / +15°33'05.21"
Brightness / Size: v11.7 mag / 2.1x1.8'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x rather faint brightening. At 80x roundish to slightly oval with brighter center.
MODERATE

NGC4559 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 11×11'
Name: NGC4559, UGC7766, H1.92
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h35m57.69s / +27°57'35.14"
Brightness / Size: v10.0 mag / 11.0x4.9'
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 5
Oval. Core area seemed little irregular.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Oval, evenly bright. Shape appeared at 96x slightly irregular. Well seen with averted vision.
EASY

NGC4561 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4561, IC3569, UGC7768, H2.407
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h36m08.14s / +19°19'21.32"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 1.5x1.3'
8" f/6, 60x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 60x evident with averted vision, small, round. At 100x also roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4562 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4562, NGC4565A, UGC7758
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h35m34.64s / +25°50'58.20"
Brightness / Size: v13.4 mag / 2.4x0.7'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4 FAILED

NGC4565 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: NGC4565, UGC7772, H5.24
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h36m20.80s / +25°59'14.61"
Brightness / Size: v9.5 mag / 14.9x2.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Extremely elongated, tapering endings, bulgy core. The very bright, round core is most evident. At 100x the dust lane is evident with averted vision (especially in the bright core) and slightly shifted to NE.
EASY

NGC4571 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4571, IC3588, UGC7788, H3.602
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h36m56.37s / +14°13'02.48"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 3.6x3.2'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Located nearby a moderately bright star, roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4595 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4595, UGC7826, H2.632
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h39m51.91s / +15°17'52.08"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 1.7x1.1'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x rather faint, compact, slightly oval. At 80x slightly oval, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4615 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4615, UGC7852
Group: Arp34
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h41m37.30s / +26°04'22.37"
Brightness / Size: v13.1 mag / 1.6x0.7'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4 FAILED

NGC4633 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4633, IC3688, UGC7874
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h42m37.09s / +14°21'20.10"
Brightness / Size: v13.1 mag / 2.0x0.9'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Unfortunately not seen. But the nearby NGC4634 gave a really nice view ;)
FAILED

NGC4634 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4634, UGC7875, H3.603
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h42m40.99s / +14°17'45.15"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 2.5x0.6'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Very elongated, thin, evenly bright, rather small.
MODERATE

NGC4635 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4635, UGC7876
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h42m39.25s / +19°56'42.83"
Brightness / Size: v12.6 mag / 1.9x1.4'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Roundish, fairly faint, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4651 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4651, UGC7901, Arp189, H2.12, Umbrella Galaxy
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h43m42.63s / +16°23'36.23"
Brightness / Size: v10.8 mag / 4.0x2.7'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x oval with much brighter center. At 80x very bright, slightly oval core area with much fainter outer regions.
EASY

NGC4659 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4659, UGC7915, H2.127
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h44m29.37s / +13°29'55.23"
Brightness / Size: v12.1 mag / 1.8x1.3'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Rather compact, round, evenly bright.
MODERATE

NGC4689 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: NGC4689, UGC7965, H2.128
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h47m45.52s / +13°45'45.68"
Brightness / Size: v10.7 mag / 4.7x4.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x relatively large, oval with slightly brighter center. At 80x a striking pair of stars was apparent north of the galaxy.
EASY

NGC4710 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4710, UGC7980, H2.95
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h49m38.96s / +15°09'55.76"
Brightness / Size: v11.0 mag / 4.9x1.6'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x evident with averted vision as elongated brightening. At 80x bright, elongated, spindle-shaped. Bright, distinct nucleus.
EASY

NGC4725 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 11×11'
Name: NGC4725, UGC7989, H1.84, H3.611
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h50m26.61s / +25°30'02.73"
Brightness / Size: v9.3 mag / 11.0x7.4'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, nearly stellar core.
EASY

NGC4747 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4747, UGC8005, Arp159, H2.344
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h51m45.72s / +25°46'27.90"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 3.3x1.3'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Tried at 37x, 96x & 133x.
FAILED

NGC4758 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4758, UGC8014, H3.70
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h52m44.20s / +15°50'54.20"
Brightness / Size: v13.1 mag / 3.0x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Slightly elongated, evenly bright, less evident.
MODERATE

NGC4935 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4935, UGC8159
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 13h03m21.20s / +14°22'39.18"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 1.2x1.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.5: Roundish, evenly bright, rather faint.
MODERATE

NGC4978 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: NGC4978, UGC8212
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 13h07m50.54s / +18°24'56.05"
Brightness / Size: v13.1 mag / 1.5x0.8'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Fairly small, slightly oval, nearly evenly bright. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

UGC7190 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC7190
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h11m31.91s / +29°05'21.27"
Brightness / Size: v13.9 mag / 0.9x0.8'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Fairly compact, diffuse. Faint 14.1m star northwest.
DIFFICULT

UGC7221 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: UGC7221
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h13m13.84s / +28°50'08.30"
Brightness / Size: v14.5 mag / 1.0x0.4'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3, SQM-L 21.5
Held with averted vision as slightly elongated brightening.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Tried short at 171x & 210x without success. But hope always dies last ;)
FAILED