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Last update: 2017-09-24

VdS FG

- Complete Object List -

And (106) Cep (57) Cyg (101) Leo (105) Peg (123) Sgr (17)
Aql (41) Cet (21) Del (23) Lep (7) Per (61) Tau (28)
Aqr (16) CMa (4) Dra (69) Lib (1) Psc (60) Tri (53)
Ari (37) CMi (8) Equ (5) LMi (28) Pup (9) UMa (146)
Aur (28) Cnc (65) Eri (4) Lyn (59) Sco (2) UMi (6)
Boo (17) Com (91) Gem (64) Lyr (32) Sct (10) Vir (107)
Cam (56) CrB (31) Her (54) Mon (11) Ser (22) Vul (22)
Cap (4) Crv (2) Hya (7) Oph (14) Sex (13)
Cas (54) CVn (90) Lac (34) Ori (36) Sge (6)

1 Ari (**)

Name: 1 Ari, STF174
Type: **
Constellation: Ari
Coordinates: 01h50m08.57s / +22°16'31.21"
Components: v2.8 mag / v6.3 mag / 2.8" / 164.0° / 2011
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 5.9+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.8: Nice double star with big difference in brightness.

3C273 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: 3C273
Type: GLX, SY1, Q
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h29m06.70s / +02°03'08.66"
Brightness / Size: v12.8 mag / -
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.6: Stellar brightening. Easily seen with averted vision.
EASY

7 Sisters of the Pole (AST)

Name: 7 Sisters of the Pole
Type: AST
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 23h30m00.00s / +86°00'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 240.0x120.0'
Very large asterism with best view in binoculars at low magnification. This asterism looks like the Pleiades (Messier 45) and is dominated by the stars HD217382, HD217157, HD212710, HD221525 and 2 Cephei.

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 8, NELM 4.3+, SQM-L 18.9
Very large, relatively evident. After a short while the similarity to the Pleiades was visible. Fits quite well in the 7.5° large field of view.
EASY

15 Aql (**)

Name: 15 Aql, SHJ286
Type: **
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h04m57.67s / -04°01'53.10"
Components: v5.5 mag / v7.0 mag / 38.2" / 210.0° / 2011
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5-, SQM-L 20.4
SQM-L 19.9: Easy to split, evident. Both components appeared slightly orange colored.

24 Com (**)

Name: 24 Com, STF1657
Type: **
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h35m07.76s / +18°22'37.40"
Components: v5.1 mag / v6.3 mag / 20.0" / 273.0° / 2012
8" f/6, 60x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
Well separated with obvious difference in brightness. Fainter component appeared blueish, the brighter one slightly orange.

41 Lyn (**)

Name: 41 Lyn, S598
Type: **
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h28m39.99s / +45°36'06.50"
Components: AB / v5.5 mag / v7.8 mag / 71.4" / 159.0° / 2010
This star has the designation 41 Lyn but is assigned to UMa. At the time, when Flamsteed numbered the stars, the constellation boundaries were not exactly defined. Another example is 10 UMa, which is located in Lyn today.

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Fairly well separated with fainter component.

59 And (**)

Name: 59 And, STF222
Type: **
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h10m52.83s / +39°02'22.40"
Components: v6.7 mag / v6.0 mag / 16.6" / 36.0° / 2011
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Well separated with noticeable difference in brightness.

8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.4: Nice and evident double star, easy to separate. About 12 arcminutes NE there is NGC828 (v12.3m),

70 Oph (**)

Name: 70 Oph, P Oph, STF2272
Type: **
Constellation: Oph
Coordinates: 18h05m27.37s / +02°29'59.30"
Components: AB / v4.2 mag / v6.2 mag / 6.2" / 128.0° / 2012
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5, SQM-L 20.7
SQM-L 20.1: Well split at 80x. Brighter component appeared white, fainter one slightly orange.

119 Tau (*)

Name: 119 Tau, CE Tau
Type: *, V*
Constellation: Tau
Coordinates: 05h32m12.75s / +18°35'39.24"
Brightness: v4.23-4.54mag (165d)
80mm f/6.25, 25x
2014-02-12: Bright, orange colored. Evident.
ORANGE COLORED

AB Gem (C*)

Name: AB Gem
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 06h26m14.12s / +19°04'25.68"
Brightness: v9.4-10.5mag (223d)
8" f/6, 100x, NELM 5.0
2014-02-17: At 37x quite faint, but evident due to its coloring. Slightly reddish. At 100x deep red colored.
RED COLORED

Abell 2 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 2, PK122-4.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 00h45m34.68s / +57°57'34.88"
Brightness / Size: - / 0.5x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Pretty faint, small, round, evenly bright.
MODERATE

Abell 4 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 4, PK144-15.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 02h45m23.67s / +42°33'04.94"
Brightness / Size: b15.6 mag / 0.4x0.4'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Small, round, evenly bright nebula.

MODERATE
12.5" f/4.5, 96x + [OIII], Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Evident with averted vision, small, round, evenly bright. Almost visible with direct vision.
EASY

Abell 12 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 12, PK198-6.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 06h02m20.05s / +09°39'14.09"
Brightness / Size: v13.9 mag / 0.6x0.6'
120mm f/5, 75x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.6: Not evident, rather faint, round. Brightness at the edge slightly declines, otherwise the nebula appears evenly bright.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 96x + [OIII], Bortle 4-
Filter highly recommended, otherwise the bright 4.12m mu Ori in a distance of less than 1 arcminute will outshine the nebula. With [OIII] filter well seen with averted vision, round, evenly bright.
MODERATE

Abell 21 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 15×15'
Name: Abell 21, PK205+14.1, Medusa Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h29m02.69s / +13°14'48.40"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 10.0x6.0'
8" f/6, 37x + [OIII], Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.6: Crescentic (similar to the 1/3 illuminated moon), evenly bright, diffuse. Still visible with direct vision. With UHC filter also evident with averted vision.
EASY

Abell 31 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 25×25'
Name: Abell 31, PK219+31.1, SH2-290
Type: PN
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 08h54m13.16s / +08°53'53.10"
Brightness / Size: v12.2 mag / 16.0x16.0'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 20.6: Unfortunately nothing seen.
FAILED

Abell 33 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 10×10'
Name: Abell 33, PK238+34.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Hya
Coordinates: 09h39m09.08s / -02°48'32.00"
Brightness / Size: v13.4 mag / 4.5x4.5'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.3: Extremely faint, round, evenly bright. Appeared annular to some extent.
DIFFICULT

Abell 39 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 39, PK47+42.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Her
Coordinates: 16h27m33.71s / +27°54'33.50"
Brightness / Size: v15.6 mag / 2.9x2.9'
120mm f/5, 75x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: Observation very marginal. At 75x with UHC filter I glimpsed a round, even haze, but unsure retrospectively.

FAILED
8" f/6, 37x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 20.9: Rather faint and less evident, relatively large, round, evenly bright. At 80x with UHC filter similar, with [OIII] filter even a bit fainter.
MODERATE

Abell 46 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 46, PK55+16.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Lyr
Coordinates: 18h31m18.29s / +26°56'12.86"
Brightness / Size: v15.1 mag / 1.1x1.0'
8" f/6, 80x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Pretty faint, roundish, evenly bright. With [OIII] filter not much better.
MODERATE

Abell 55 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 55, PK33-5.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h10m25.77s / -02°20'23.46"
Brightness / Size: - / 0.8x0.5'
120mm f/5, 75x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Also tried at 40x with [OIII] filter.

FAILED
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.4: Pretty faint, roundish, evenly bright. At 150x with UHC filter a bit better perceptible. Difficult, but not challenging.
DIFFICULT

Abell 61 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 61, PK77+14.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h19m10.22s / +46°14'52.03"
Brightness / Size: b14.4 mag / 3.2x3.2'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Extremely faint, roundish, evenly bright, pretty large.
DIFFICULT

Abell 62 (PN)

DSS
© DSS I - 5×5'
Name: Abell 62, PK47-4.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h33m17.69s / +10°37'03.51"
Brightness / Size: - / 2.6x2.6'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.7: Very faint, shape hardly perceptible. Appeared occasionally as an arc (probably the brighter, southern part).
DIFFICULT

Abell 70 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 70, PK38-25.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 20h31m33.21s / -07°05'17.80"
Brightness / Size: b14.3 mag / 0.7x0.7'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 20.6: Small, round, faint, evenly bright. Without filter not visible.
MODERATE

Abell 72 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 72, PK59-18.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Del
Coordinates: 20h50m02.05s / +13°33'29.60"
Brightness / Size: v14.6 mag / 2.0x2.0'
120mm f/5, 40x + [OIII], Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
Very faint, diffuse glow, but still well visible with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
Pretty faint, roundish, very diffuse, evenly bright.

MODERATE
12.5" f/4.5, 72x + [OIII], Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
Evident with averted vision, near an 8.75 mag bright field star, roundish. Appeared very diffuse and evenly bright.
MODERATE

Abell 78 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 78, PK81-14.1, Wedding Ring
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h35m29.38s / +31°41'45.30"
Brightness / Size: v13.2 mag / 2.0x1.8'
120mm f/5, 75x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Probably there was occasionally an extremely faint haze, but I am not sure.

FAILED
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
Roundish, pretty faint, evenly bright.

MODERATE
16" f/4.5, 100x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 56x with [OIII] filter round, evenly bright. At 100x with [OIII] filter barely visible with direct vision, shape hardly perceptible. A star (central star?) was seen within the nebula. At 100x with UHC filter the nebula appeared pretty faint.
EASY

Abell 79 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 79, PK102-02.1, M2-73
Type: PN
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h26m17.27s / +54°49'38.20"
Brightness / Size: v15.8 mag / 2.0x2.0'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Very faint, roundish, small. Held with averted vision.

DIFFICULT
12.5" f/4.5, 72x + [OIII], Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Pretty small, roundish, evenly bright. Well visible with averted vision.
MODERATE

Abell 80 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 80, PK102-5.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h34m45.60s / +52°26'06.21"
Brightness / Size: b15.2 mag / 2.7x2.0'
8" f/6, 100x + [OIII], Bortle 5, SQM-L 20.7
I also tried an UHC filter.
FAILED

Abell 82 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 82, PK114-4.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 23h45m47.75s / +57°03'58.50"
Brightness / Size: v15.2 mag / 1.5x1.5'
120mm f/5, 75x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Oval, very faint with embedded star. Located southeast of a medium bright star.

MODERATE
16" f/4.5, 100x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 56x with [OIII] filter the nebula appeared southeast of the medium bright star as a slightly elongated brightening. I think this originates from the faint NE and SW edge. At 100x the northwestern edge was more defined, the southeastern edge fades more into the background. It looked a bit fan-shaped. A star was visible within the nebula.
EASY

Abell 84 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: Abell 84, PK112-10.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 23h47m44.02s / +51°23'56.90"
Brightness / Size: v14.4 mag / 2.0x2.0'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Round, pretty large, evenly bright. Bright star within (?) the nebula.
MODERATE

AC Per (C*)

Name: AC Per
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 03h45m03.41s / +44°46'51.77"
Brightness: p11.8-12.4mag
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2013-10-22: Easy to find, bright, deep orange to slightly red colored.
ORANGE COLORED

AF Aur (C*)

Name: AF Aur
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h48m44.37s / +44°54'36.94"
Brightness: p11.3-14.5mag
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
2013-11-24: At 37x fairly faint, obviously orange colored. At 100x not much better.
ORANGE COLORED

AI J1933 7+1147 (AST)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: AI J1933 7+1147
Type: AST
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h33m45.00s / +11°48'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 2.0x2.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Pretty compact group of 7 stars, whereby 6 of them look like a '6' of a dice. Overall quite obvious.
EASY

alpha CVn (**)

Name: alpha CVn, 12 CVn, Cor Caroli, STFA1692
Type: **
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h56m01.67s / +38°19'06.20"
Components: v2.9 mag / v5.5 mag / 19.3" / 228.0° / 2011
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Well separated with big difference in brightness.

AQ And (C*)

Name: AQ And
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h27m31.68s / +35°35'14.50"
Brightness: v7.7-9.5mag (169d)
4.5" f/8, 28x
2013-10-17: Deep orange with tendency to red. Colorful, fairly bright.

ORANGE COLORED
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2014-10-15: Moderately bright, obviously orange colored.
ORANGE COLORED

AQ Sgr (C*)

Name: AQ Sgr
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 19h34m18.99s / -16°22'27.04"
Brightness: p9.1-11.4mag (199.6d)
8" f/6, 27x, Bortle 4
2013-09-30: Relatively bright and evident due to deep orange.
ORANGE COLORED

Arp 23 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Arp23
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h41m43.00s / +41°12'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4618 (IC3667, UGC7853, H1.178, H1.179) v10.8 mag 4.2x3.4' (25°)
NGC4625 (IC3675, UGC7861, H2.660) v12.3 mag 1.3x1.2' (160°)
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
I just focused on the bright NGC4618, which appeared roundish and almost evenly bright with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 5
NGC4618 is the larger and brighter one and could be well seen with averted vision as roundish brightening. The galaxy appeared brighter towards the north edge. NGC4625 in comparison is much fainter, also roundish, evenly bright and barely visible with averted vision.
MODERATE

Arp 34 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: Arp34
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h41m32.00s / +26°04'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4613 v15.2 mag 0.5x0.4'
NGC4614 (UGC7851) v13.3 mag 0.9x0.8'
NGC4615 (UGC7852) v13.1 mag 1.6x0.7' (125°)
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
This observation was in May 2012 and I only focused on NGC4615, but without any success. I'm sure there should be more possible with 8 inch!
FAILED

Arp 72 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp72
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Ser
Coordinates: 15h46m56.00s / +17°53'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC5994 v14.8 mag 0.4x0.2'
NGC5996 (UGC10033, H2.97) v12.8 mag 1.7x0.9' (20°)
The much more fainter NGC5994 is located southwestern of NGC5996.

8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
I only focused on the brighter NGC5996, which was well seen with averted vision as slightly oval nebula, getting somewhat brighter toward the middle.
MODERATE

Arp 76 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 15×15'
Name: Arp76
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h36m48.00s / +13°11'30.00"

Group Members:
IC3583 (UGC7784) v12.8 mag 2.2x1.1'
M90 (NGC4569, UGC7786) v9.5 mag 9.9x4.4' (23°)
The fainter IC3583 is located NNW of M90.

8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: I only focused on the bright Messier 90. Very elongated (1:4) with bright, very compact core. Core area also slightly elongated. Otherwise rather evenly bright.
EASY

Arp 78 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: Arp78
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Ari
Coordinates: 01h59m18.00s / +18°59'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC770 (UGC1463) v12.9 mag 1.1x0.8' (10°)
NGC772 (IC646, UGC1466, H1.112) v10.3 mag 7.4x4.9' (135°)
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.0
The bright NGC772 was already evident at 37x, oval with much brighter center and visible with direct vision. At 80x also the fainter companion NGC770 was well visible with averted vision as quite compact, roundish brightening.
NGC772 appeared in a 10 inch Dobsonian slightly drop-shaped.
EASY

Arp 84 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: Arp84
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h58m35.00s / +37°26'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC5394 (UGC8898, H1.191) v13.1 mag 1.7x0.8' (60°)
NGC5395 (UGC8900, H1.190) v11.7 mag 2.7x1.3' (5°)
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Both galaxies are well visible with averted vision. NGC5395 appears obviously oval and evenly bright, whereas NGC5394 appears as a very compact brightening.
MODERATE

Arp 85 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: Arp85
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h29m55.00s / +47°13'00.00"

Group Members:
M51 (NGC5194, UGC8493, Whirlpool Galaxy) v8.4 mag 11.2x6.9' (163°)
NGC5195 (UGC8494, H1.186) v9.6 mag 5.9x4.6' (27°)
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0
Roundish, evenly bright, faint, less apparent.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Barely visible with direct vision, evident with averted vision. Round, evenly bright.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
M51: Round with bright, very compact core, otherwise evenly bright.

NGC5195: Slightly oval with brigher center.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Both galaxies are very evident, visible with direct vision and easily separable. M51 appears quite large, nearly evenly bright and roundish with a very distinct, bright and compact center. NGC5195 in comparison is obviously smaller with an also bright, compact center, which is surrounded by a fainter, roundish halo.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
M51: At 37x bright, stellar core with round, relatively faint halo. At 100x with averted vision two evident spiral arms, winding widely around the core. A foreground star southwest of the core within the halo.

NGC5195: At 37x roundish with obviously brighter, very compact core. At 100x oval halo around the very bright core, whereas the core is shifted to the eastern edge of the halo.
EASY

Arp 86 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp86
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Peg
Coordinates: 23h47m04.00s / +29°28'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC7752 (UGC12779) b14.3 mag 0.9x0.5'
NGC7753 (UGC12780, H2.213) v12.2 mag 2.9x1.9' (50°)
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
I have only tried the brighter NGC7753: Fairly faint, diffuse, slightly oval, slight brightening toward the middle.
MODERATE

Arp 87 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp87
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h40m44.50s / +22°26'20.00"

Group Members:
MCG+4-28-20 (PGC36228) b15.0 mag 0.5x0.2' (55°)
NGC3808 (UGC6643, H3.338) v13.4 mag 1.6x0.9' (123°)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: I only observed the brighter NGC3808. It appeared as pretty faint, small brightening.
MODERATE

Arp 89 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: Arp89
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 08h42m44.00s / +14°17'00.00"

Group Members:
MCG+2-22-6 (PGC24469) v14.2 mag 1.5x0.4'
NGC2648 (UGC4541, H3.49) v11.8 mag 3.2x1.1' (150°)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Only the bright NGC2648 was evident with averted vision: Elongated, slight brightening toward the middle. Probably only the bright core area was visible.
EASY

Arp 91 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp91
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Ser
Coordinates: 15h34m34.00s / +15°12'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC5953 (UGC9903, H2.178) v12.0 mag 1.6x1.3' (50°)
NGC5954 (UGC9904, H2.179) v12.2 mag 1.3x0.6' (5°)
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4
NGC5953: Slightly oval with brighter core. Oval shape comes from nearby NGC5954, which appeared much fainter.

NGC5954: Fairly small & compact. Difficult to separate from nearby NGC5993. Barely seen with averted vision.

A more detailed observation of this galaxy pair will follow.
MODERATE

Arp 94 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 10×10'
Name: Arp94
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h23m30.00s / +19°52'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC3226 (UGC5617, H2.28) v11.4 mag 2.5x2.2' (25°)
NGC3227 (UGC5620, H2.29) v10.3 mag 6.2x4.5' (153°)
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Both galaxies are quite well separated at low magnification. The more compact NGC3226 appeared roundish with fairly bright, compact core. NGC3227 appeared oval with brighter, nearly stellar center.
EASY

Arp 99 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: Arp99
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Peg
Coordinates: 23h15m12.00s / +19°00'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC7547 (UGC12453) v13.7 mag 1.1x0.5' (95°)
NGC7549 (UGC12457) v13.0 mag 2.8x0.7' (8°)
NGC7550 (UGC12456, H3.181) v12.2 mag 1.4x1.2' (150°)
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.8
SQM-L in the target region: 20.6

NGC7547: At 96x quite compact, at 133x evenly bright. Very faint. I guess that I only saw the bright core area.

NGC7549: At 96x roundish, at 133x roundish to slightly oval, diffuse, rather faint.

NGC7550: Brightest member and barely visible with direct vision, evident with averted vision, roundish, center somewhat brighter, otherwise rather evenly bright. At 133x brighter core, which appeared very compact.
MODERATE

Arp 104 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Arp104, Keenan's System
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 13h32m10.00s / +62°44'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC5216 (UGC8528, H2.841) v12.6 mag 1.8x1.2' (135°)
NGC5218 (UGC8529, H2.842) v12.3 mag 1.8x1.3' (80°)
On the DSS image the connection of both galaxies is apparent. NGC5218 is a spiral (SBb), whereby NGC5216 is an elliptical galaxy of the type E0.

8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 5
Under moderate conditions I could only see the brighter NGC5218 as roundish, faint brightening. NGC5216 stayed hidden to me, but should be surely visible with 8 inch aperture.
MODERATE

Arp 112 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp112
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Peg
Coordinates: 00h01m30.00s / +31°26'30.00"

Group Members:
MCG+5-1-26 (PGC111) b16.5 mag 0.6x0.2'
NGC7805 (UGC12908, H3.855) v13.3 mag 1.2x0.9' (30°)
NGC7806 (UGC12911, H3.856) v13.5 mag 1.1x0.8' (5°)
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
The brighter galaxies (NGC7805 & NGC7806) were well separable. The faint MCG+05-01-026 is not visible with 8 inch aperture. NGC7806 is the middle one of the three galaxies.

NGC7805: Evenly bright, roundish. In comparison to NGC7806 slightly larger and brighter. Well visible with averted vision.

NGC7806: Roundish, fairly faint, rather at the limit of perception.
DIFFICULT

Arp 113 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: Arp113, VV166, Holm6
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h18m23.30s / +30°03'40.00"

Group Members:
NGC67 (PGC1185) v14.2 mag 0.4x0.3'
NGC68 (UGC170, H5.16) v13.2 mag 1.2x1.1' (90°)
NGC69 (PGC1191) v14.7 mag 0.9x0.8'
NGC70 (IC1539, UGC174) v13.5 mag 2.1x1.7' (5°)
NGC71 (UGC173) v13.3 mag 1.7x1.3' (90°)
NGC72 (UGC176) v13.8 mag 1.4x1.1' (85°)
80mm f/6.25, 62x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3

FAILED
120mm f/5, 100x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
I only classified this group as moderately difficult, because I could see a diffuse, roundish brightening near faint field stars with averted vision without any problems. I'm pretty sure, that this is NGC68 as brightest member of the group.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
Overall difficult group with 8 inch, which is embedded between faint field stars. NGC68 (brightest western) is brightest member and appeared at 171x roundish with slightly brighter center, held with averted vision. NGC71 (southeastern of NGC68) was glimpsed as roundish, diffuse brightening. NGC70 (northeastern of NGC68) I tried without any success.

DIFFICULT
12.5" f/4.5, 205x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
NGC68: Round, less condensed. Brightest and most obvious galaxy of the group.

NGC70: Appeared very diffuse between two faint field stars. Shape hardly perceptible.

NGC71: Well visible with averted vision as compact brightening.

NGC72: Compact, slightly oval.
MODERATE

Arp 114 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: Arp114
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 07h29m40.00s / +85°44'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC2276 (UGC3740, Arp25) v11.4 mag 2.8x2.7' (50°)
NGC2300 (UGC3798) v11.0 mag 2.8x2.3' (80°)
NGC2276 is also known as Arp25.

8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 6
NGC2276: Not seen at 80x & 200x.

NGC2300: Barely seen with averted vision as round brightening.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
NGC2276: Barely seen with averted vision nearby a brighter star as very faint glow. Difficult.

NGC2300: Bright core with faint, round halo. Barely seen with direct vision, very evident with averted vision.
MODERATE

Arp 116 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: Arp116
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h43m37.00s / +11°34'00.00"

Group Members:
M60 (NGC4649, UGC7898) v8.8 mag 7.4x6.0' (105°)
NGC4647 (UGC7896, H3.44) v11.3 mag 2.9x2.3'
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Messier 60: At 60x very bright center with fainter, slightly oval halo. At 28x Messier 60 appeared more roundish. Easily seen with direct vision.

NGC4647: Quite faint, roundish, evenly bright. Only seen with averted vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L in the target region: 20.8

Messier 60: Very bright, round, extended core area with large, fainter, round halo. Of course also well visible at low power.

NGC4647: Roundish, evenly bright. Evident with averted vision.
EASY

Arp 120 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: Arp120, The Eyes
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h27m42.00s / +13°02'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4435 (UGC7575, H1.28.1) v10.8 mag 3.0x2.2' (15°)
NGC4438 (UGC7574, H1.28.2) v10.2 mag 8.5x3.0' (20°)
These galaxies were first called 'The Eyes' by Leland S. Copeland in 1955 in a 'Sky & Telescope' article, based on their visual appearance.

8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
NGC4435 appears with nearly stellar, bright core, NGC4438 is slightly elongated with also bright core.
EASY

Arp 123 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: Arp123
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Lep
Coordinates: 05h22m35.00s / -11°30'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC1888 (H2.289) v11.9 mag 3.2x1.2' (150°)
NGC1889 v13.1 mag 0.6x0.4' (165°)
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
I could only saw the brighter NGC1888: At 80x more roundish, possibly caused by nearby NGC1889. At 133x more elongated. The smaller NGC1889 wasn't surely visible at 171x.
MODERATE

Arp 134 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Arp134
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h29m50.00s / +07°58'30.00"

Group Members:
M49 (NGC4472, UGC7629) v8.3 mag 10.2x8.3' (155°)
UGC7636 (PGC41258) v14.8 mag 1.1x0.9'
The much more fainter UGC7636 is located southeastern of M49, western of a brighter star.

80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 7
M49: Still visible with direct vision but less evident. Roundish, brightening toward the middle.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
M49: Very bright, slightly oval nucleus with faint halo.
EASY

Arp 135 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: Arp135
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 02h40m24.01s / +39°03'47.70"

Group Members:
NGC1023 (UGC2154, H1.156) v9.3 mag 8.7x3.0' (82°)
NGC1023A v13.0 mag 1.6x1.4'
NGC1023A is the faint, oval brightening at the southeastern edge of NGC1023.

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
The observation is only related to the bright NGC1023.

FAILED
80mm f/6.25, 50x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.6
NGC1023: At 20x quite small, roundish to slightly oval. At 50x somewhat elongated with brighter center.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 90x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.6
NGC1023: At 36x oval with much brighter core. Located nearby an evident star pair. At 90x obviously elongated with very bright, bulgy core, spindle-shaped.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
NGC1023: Bright, compact core most obvious and seen with direct vision. Fainter outer extension seen with averted vision. Very elongated.

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 96x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
NGC1023: Bright, compact, round nucleus with slightly oval, brighter core area. The much fainter outer regions appeared very elongated with averted vision.

EASY
33" f/3.9, 300x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
Besides the very bright NGC1023 I tried to see the faint companion NGC1023A. There was probably an irregularity in the halo of NGC1023 visible, but not sure.
EASY

Arp 166 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp166
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Tri
Coordinates: 01h57m32.30s / +33°12'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC750 (UGC1430, H2.222) v11.9 mag 1.6x1.3' (170°)
NGC751 (UGC1431) v12.5 mag 1.2x1.2' (90°)
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5+, SQM-L 20.8
Both galaxies already visible at 37x as compact brightening. At 96x evident with averted vision, roundish to slightly oval, slight brightening toward the middle. At 171x not clearly separated, but NGC751 appeared as extension. At 218x both galaxies could be separated in few moments. NGC750 appeared larger.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.1
NGC750 appeared round with brighter core. I meant to see this galaxy separated from its neighbour NGC751, but unsure and without dark space. NGC750 appeared interestingly somewhat more compact than NGC751 - maybe a mistake by myself!? However NGC750 was well visible with averted vision. I will have a closer look at this galaxy pair the next time.
MODERATE

Arp 170 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp170
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Peg
Coordinates: 23h17m14.00s / +18°42'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC7578A (UGC12477) v13.9 mag 0.7x0.6' (90°)
NGC7578B (UGC12478) v14.0 mag 1.7x1.2' (25°)
NGC7578C (PGC70936) b16.5 mag 0.3x0.2'
PGC70937 b18.1 mag 0.6x0.2'
Arp170 is part of Hickson 94. The brighter galaxy in the upper left corner on the DSS image is PGC70943 and not part of Arp170, but Hickson 94.

8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.8
SQM-L 20.6: The level of difficulty is only related to the two brightest group members (NGC7578A/B). The other members might be too faint for 8 inch aperture. At 66x I could easily see with averted vision around NGC7578A/B a faint, evenly bright glow, which appeared slightly oval at higher magnification. At 171x I could fairly well see within this glow the two rather compact cores of NGC7578 A/B, which were clearly separated from each other. The core of NGC7578 B (northeastern of NGC7578 A) appeared a bit brighter and larger. I didn't looked for the other members of course.
MODERATE

Arp 199 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp199
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Boo
Coordinates: 14h17m04.00s / +36°34'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC5544 (UGC9142, H2.419) b13.2 mag 0.9x0.9'
NGC5545 (UGC9143) b14.0 mag 1.0x0.3' (58°)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At first glance both galaxies appeared as elongated, evenly bright nebula. NGC5545 hardly separated from NGC5544 and appeared elongated. NGC5545 was roundish and also not easy to separate. Overall pretty faint.
MODERATE

Arp 205 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS I - 10×10'
Name: Arp205
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 10h54m30.00s / +54°18'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC3448 (UGC6024, H1.233) v11.6 mag 5.6x1.7' (65°)
UGC6016 b17.0 mag 2.1x1.2' (30°)
The much more fainter companion UGC6016 is located southwest of NGC3448 and faintly visible on the DSS image.

8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
I only focused on the bright NGC3448 of course: At 37x just a small, elongated nebula. At 80x bright, very elongated, pretty thin and evenly bright.
EASY

Arp 227 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Arp227
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Psc
Coordinates: 01h19m58.00s / +03°25'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC470 (UGC858, H3.250) v11.8 mag 2.9x1.7'
NGC474 (UGC864, H3.251) v11.5 mag 6.1x5.0'
The eastern NGC474 already shows impressively concentric rings. On long time exposures very complex structures came to the fore.

8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L in the target region: 20.6

NGC470: Already visible at 66x with direct vision. At 100x oval, slightly brighter core, otherwise evenly bright.

NGC474: Already visible at 66x with direct vision. At 100x roundish, appeared smaller than NGC470, but similarly bright with relatively bright, distinct, compact center.
EASY

Arp 229 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: Arp229
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Psc
Coordinates: 01h23m34.00s / +33°16'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC503 v14.1 mag 0.9x0.7'
NGC504 (UGC935) v13.0 mag 1.7x0.4'
NGC507 (UGC938, H3.159) v11.3 mag 3.1x3.1' (60°)
NGC508 (UGC939, H3.160) v13.1 mag 1.3x1.3'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
I only observed the bright NGC507: Relatively large & faint with brighter core.
MODERATE

Arp 269 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Arp269
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h30m36.00s / +41°40'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4485 (UGC7648, H1.197) v11.9 mag 2.4x1.8' (15°)
NGC4490 (UGC7651, H1.198) v9.8 mag 6.3x3.1' (115°)
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
I tried the bright NGC4490, but without success.

FAILED
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
NGC4485: Quite small, roundish, evenly bright.

NGC4490: At 28x slightly elongated, evenly bright. At 60x a bit brighter center.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
NGC4485: At 37x well visible with averted vision as fairly small brightening. At 96x slightly oval.

NGC4490: Directly seen, elongated with obviously brighter, also elongated core area.
EASY

Arp 270 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Arp270
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: LMi
Coordinates: 10h49m53.00s / +32°59'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC3395 (UGC5931, H1.116) v11.8 mag 1.7x0.9' (50°)
NGC3396 (UGC5935, H1.117) v12.0 mag 2.9x0.9' (105°)
Bright Arp group of two interacting galaxies.

8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
At 37x both galaxies appeared together slightly elongated. From 80x well separated, but touching each other. NGC3395 appears brighter & larger than NGC3396. Both appeared oval, evenly bright and evident with averted vision. Further details were not seen.
EASY

Arp 271 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 8×8'
Name: Arp271
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h03m26.00s / -06°03'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC5426 (UGCA380, H2.309) v12.1 mag 3.0x1.7' (173°)
NGC5427 (UGCA381, H2.310) v11.4 mag 2.9x2.2' (170°)
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 20.2: At 37x both galaxies appeared together as oval brightening, whereby the brighter, northern NGC5427 was already visible as round, evenly bright, but faint nebula. NGC5426 was barely seen with averted vision. At 80x the galaxies were well separated. NGC5426 appeared slightly elongated and also evenly bright.
MODERATE

Arp 273 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp273
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h21m30.00s / +39°22'00.00"

Group Members:
UGC1810 v12.9 mag 2.0x1.4' (20°)
UGC1813 v14.2 mag 1.1x0.3' (80°)
Very nice, but faint Arp group.

8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.4: Only the bright UGC1810 was visible: At 100x extremely faint brightening. At 171x oval or slightly elongated, quite faint and evenly bright.
MODERATE

Arp 276 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp276
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Ari
Coordinates: 02h28m12.00s / +19°35'40.00"

Group Members:
IC1801 (UGC1936) v14.0 mag 1.4x0.6'
NGC935 (UGC1937) v12.8 mag 1.7x1.1'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.9: I only saw NGC935 for sure: At 96x obviously oval, center seemed to be somewhat brighter, otherwise rather evenly bright. At 171x I could saw a stellar brightening within the halo. Probably this was the 14.27m foreground star southeast of the core. The axial ratio was about 1:2 to 1:3. IC1801 wasn't clearly visible to me.
Even under better conditions (Bortle 3-, SQM-L at the zenith 21.3) IC1801 was not visible at 171x.
MODERATE

Arp 281 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 20×20'
Name: Arp281
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h42m00.00s / +32°33'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC4627 (UGC7860, H2.659) v12.4 mag 2.2x1.7' (10°)
NGC4631 (UGC7865, H5.42, Whale Galaxy) v9.2 mag 15.5x2.7' (83°)
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
I just tried the bright NGC4631.

FAILED
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
NGC4627: Round, relatively small nebula, which can be easily seen at 96x with averted vision. A moderately faint star located between the centers of NGC4631 and NGC4627.

NGC4631: Large, very bright, very elongated with tapering ending on the west side. Broadening towards the brighter core, which is slightly shifted to the east along the longitudinal axis.
EASY

Arp 285 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Arp285
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h24m10.00s / +49°13'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC2854 (UGC4995, H3.714) v13.0 mag 1.6x0.6' (45°)
NGC2856 (UGC4997, H3.713) v13.2 mag 1.1x0.5' (135°)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Both galaxies are well visible with averted vision, slightly oval and at right angle to each other.
MODERATE

Arp 294 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Arp294
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h39m42.00s / +31°55'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC3786 (UGC6621) v12.3 mag 2.1x1.1' (60°)
NGC3788 (UGC6623) v12.5 mag 2.1x0.7' (175°)
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4
Worthwhile! NGC3786 appears oval, NGC3788 more elongated & thin. Both galaxies are nearly perpendicular with almost touching endings.
MODERATE

Arp 301 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp301
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h09m54.00s / +24°15'40.00"

Group Members:
UGC6204 b14.5 mag 1.0x0.5' (177°)
UGC6207 b14.6 mag 1.5x0.3' (64°)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L 21.0: Only the brighter UGC6204 was visible, which appeared pretty faint, roundish and barely condensed. UGC6207 was also not visible at 220x. But I was already pretty cold ;-)
MODERATE

Arp 307 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Arp307
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h25m45.00s / +11°26'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC2872 (UGC5018, H2.57, H2.546) v11.9 mag 1.8x1.7'
NGC2873 (PGC26742) v15.4 mag 0.7x0.2' (125°)
NGC2874 (UGC5021, H2.58, H2.547) v12.5 mag 2.2x0.7' (43°)
Possibly these galaxies are not interacting.

8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6 in the target region.

NGC2872: More apparent than the nearby NGC2874, round, slight brightening toward the middle.

NGC2873: Not tried of course ;-)

NGC2874: Well separated from the nearby NGC2872, oval, evenly bright. Evident with averted vision.
EASY

Arp 315 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp315
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Lyn
Coordinates: 09h19m45.00s / +33°44'42.00"

Group Members:
NGC2830 (UGC4941) v14.3 mag 1.2x0.3' (110°)
NGC2831 v13.4 mag 0.5x0.5'
NGC2832 (UGC4942, H1.113) v11.9 mag 3.0x2.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 5
Easy is only the bright NGC2832: barely seen with direct vision, roundish, diffuse, getting brighter toward the middle. The other two galaxies weren't visible even at 150x.
EASY

Arp 316 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Arp316
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h18m05.00s / +21°52'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC3187 (UGC5556) v12.9 mag 3.6x1.7' (115°)
NGC3189 (NGC3190, UGC5559, H2.44) v11.2 mag 4.5x1.5' (118°)
NGC3193 (UGC5562, H2.45) v10.9 mag 2.9x2.8' (20°)
Very bright Arp group. Together with NGC3185 also known as Hickson 44. Worthwhile!

4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7+
Only the two brightest members were visible. Both fairly well seen with averted vision. NGC3193 appeared roundish with brighter core, NGC3189 very elongated and nearly evenly bright, whereas only the brighter core was visible.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
The two brightest members were apparent with averted vision: NGC3193 appeared roundish with brighter core, NGC3189 very elongated with also elongated, brighter core and fainter, diffuse outer region.

EASY
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x the two brightest members are clearly evident. NGC3179 is very elongated and shows at 100x an elongated, distinctly brighter core area. Dust lane wasn't seen, but galaxy appeared more sharply defined SW. NGC3193 is round with very bright, compact core. Much more difficult is NGC3187: Only at third attempt I was able to see it. At 171x very faint, very elongated, thin, evenly bright. Barely held with averted vision.
EASY

Arp 317 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 60×60'
Name: Arp317, Leo Triplet
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h19m50.00s / +13°18'00.00"

Group Members:
M65 (NGC3623, UGC6328) v9.2 mag 8.7x2.5' (174°)
M66 (NGC3627, UGC6346, Arp16) v8.9 mag 9.3x4.2' (173°)
NGC3628 (UGC6350, H5.8) v9.5 mag 13.1x3.1' (104°)
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7+
M65: Fairly thin, elongated, nearly evenly bright. Barely seen with direct vision. At 100x the core is brighter and seems also slightly elongated.

M66: A bit brighter than M65, oval with brighter core. Some apparent field stars at the edge of the galaxy. At 100x the oval core is evident.

NGC3628: Already seen at 28x as very faint nebula. At 75x fairly well seen with averted vision, faint, evenly bright, very elongated.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
I mainly focused on NGC3628, but M65 & M66 were very easily seen of course. NGC3628 appeared elongated, without distinct core, slight darkening toward the edge. With averted vision I think I saw in one moment the dust lane, but not for sure. Due to nearby street lamps I wasn't able to get fully dark-adapted.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
M65: Very elongated with brighter, compact core.

M66: Oval with distinct, bright and also oval core area.

NGC3628: At 37x obviously elongated, evenly bright, moderately faint. At 100x dust lane seen with averted vision, which runs slightly diagonal. A wonderful view!
EASY

Arp 322 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Arp322
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h32m40.00s / +52°56'40.00"

Group Members:
PGC35609 b16.5 mag 0.5x0.3' (170°)
PGC35615 b17.0 mag 0.5x0.3' (148°)
PGC35618 b15.9 mag 0.8x0.6' (72°)
UGC6527 (PGC35620) v14.6 mag 0.8x0.4' (53°)
The eastern, very elongated & thin galaxy PGC35631 is not part of Arp322, but forms Hickson 56 together with the other galaxies.

8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.5, SQM-L 21.6
Difficult. Nearly permanently held with averted vision as very compact, slightly elongated brightening, which is UGC6527 and maybe the two western galaxies PGC35615 and PGC35618. At 265x I thought to have seen two separate brightenings, but not for sure.
DIFFICULT

Arp 331 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: Arp331
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Psc
Coordinates: 01h07m15.00s / +32°24'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC373 v14.9 mag 0.4x0.4'
NGC375 (PGC3953) v14.5 mag 0.5x0.5'
NGC379 (UGC683, H2.215) v12.9 mag 1.4x0.7'
NGC380 (UGC682, H2.216) v12.5 mag 1.4x1.2' (80°)
NGC382 (UGC688) v13.2 mag 0.7x0.7'
NGC383 (UGC689, H2.217) v12.2 mag 2.0x1.7' (25°)
NGC384 (UGC686) v13.1 mag 1.1x0.8' (135°)
NGC385 (UGC687) v13.0 mag 1.1x1.0' (120°)
NGC386 (PGC3989) v14.3 mag 0.9x0.8'
NGC387 v15.5 mag 0.4x0.4'
NGC388 (PGC4005) v14.3 mag 0.6x0.3'
UGC679 (PGC3950) b16.6 mag 1.2x0.5'
Rich Arp group with many, partly faint galaxies.

8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4
NGC379: Already seen at 80x as small brightening. 200x: oval shape.

NGC380: Barely seen at 80x as small nebular with averted vision. 200x: round shape.

NGC383: Brightest member. At 80x round with slightly brighter core. Well visible with averted vision.

NGC384: Very small, compact. Intermittently seen with averted vision. It took a while to see this faint galaxy. Already glimpsed while observing nearby NGC385.

NGC385: Small, compact. Intermittently seen with averted vision. A bit brighter than NGC384.
MODERATE

AX Cyg (C*)

Name: AX Cyg
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h57m12.51s / +44°15'40.04"
Brightness: v7.7-8.9mag (361d)
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 7+
2013-09-27: Directly seen, deep orange.
ORANGE COLORED

AZ Cyg (*)

Name: AZ Cyg
Type: *, V*
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h57m59.45s / +46°28'00.62"
Brightness: p10.2-12.0mag (459d)
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0
2014-06-09: Deep orange, at few moments slightly reddish. Visible with direct vision.
ORANGE COLORED

B26 (DN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 30×30'
Name: B26
Type: DN
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 04h54m36.00s / +30°37'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 10.0x7.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Obviously poor in comparison to the surroundings, together with nearby dark nebula V-shaped.
EASY

B33 (DN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 15×15'
Name: B33, Horsehead Nebula
Type: DN
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h40m59.00s / -02°27'30.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 8.0x6.0'
8" f/6, 96x + HBeta, Bortle 4-
Although IC434 was well visible with averted vision, the Horsehead stayed hidden to me.
FAILED

B111 (DN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 120×120'
Name: B111
Type: DN
Constellation: Sct
Coordinates: 18h50m00.00s / -05°00'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 120.0x120.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Large, slightly curved nearby beta Sct.
EASY

B119a (DN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 60×60'
Name: B119a
Type: DN
Constellation: Sct
Coordinates: 18h54m42.00s / -05°10'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 30.0x30.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
With averted vision only a 'faint darkening'.
MODERATE

B142 (DN)

DSS
© DSS I - 120×120'
Name: B142
Type: DN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h39m42.00s / +10°31'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 80.0x50.0'
Forms together with B143 'Barnard's E' or simply 'E' Nebula.

120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: The fainter part of Barnard's E. Visible as an elongated dark nebula.
EASY

B143 (DN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 120×120'
Name: B143
Type: DN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h40m42.00s / +10°57'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 30.0x30.0'
Forms together with B142 'Barnard's E' or simply 'E' Nebula.

120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Quite obvious, whereby the southern part is most obvious. Overall shape like an 'U'.
EASY

B145 (DN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 60×60'
Name: B145
Type: DN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h02m48.00s / +37°40'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 35.0x6.0'
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0 FAILED

Basel12 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: Basel12
Type: OC
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h10m26.40s / +46°14'06.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 7.0x7.0'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Around a 8.7 mag star just some faint, scattered stars. Hardly recognisable as a cluster.
MODERATE

Basel13 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Basel13
Type: OC
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h12m36.00s / +46°31'48.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 10.0x10.0'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4
Based on some research this cluster consists only of few, very faint stars. At 133x and 200x I was able to see about 5 very faint stars. Difficult.
DIFFICULT

BD Vul (C*)

Name: BD Vul
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Vul
Coordinates: 20h37m17.84s / +26°29'13.10"
Brightness: v9.3-12.7mag (430d)
4.5" f/8, 100x, Bortle 7+
2013-09-26: Seen with averted vision. Due to the low visual brightness I couldn't see any color for sure.

4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0
2014-06-09: Faint, but well seen. Very colorful, deep red colored. Very nice.

RED COLORED
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 7+
2013-09-26: Barely visible with direct vision. Deep red colored. Very nice.
RED COLORED

BE Lac (C*)

Name: BE Lac
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h39m13.17s / +48°20'56.91"
Brightness: p12.6-13.7mag
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.4
2016-10-05: At 37x medium bright, slight orange. At 80x orange, somewhat evident.
ORANGE COLORED

Berkeley 3 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Berkeley 3, Stock 24
Type: OC
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 00h39m45.80s / +61°57'54.00"
Brightness / Size: v8.8 mag / 4.0x4.0'
80mm f/6.25, 33x, Bortle 8, NELM 4.2+, SQM-L 18.7 FAILED

Berkeley 21 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Berkeley 21
Type: OC
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h51m45.00s / +21°48'30.00"
Brightness / Size: v11.1 mag / 3.5x3.5'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.8
Quite faint, roundish, slightly condensed. I will observe this cluster again to ensure this sighting.
DIFFICULT

Berkeley 22 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Berkeley 22
Type: OC
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h58m27.00s / +07°45'30.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 2.0x2.0'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.8
SQM-L 20.4: Difficult to hold. Very faint, rather compact brightening. I will observe this cluster again to ensure this sighting.
DIFFICULT

Berkeley 37 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 8×8'
Name: Berkeley 37
Type: OC
Constellation: Mon
Coordinates: 07h20m18.70s / -00°59'38.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 4.0x4.0'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.2: East of a 9.5 mag star the cluster is only visible with averted vision. The cluster appeared round with many faint, rather evenly distributed members.
MODERATE

Berkeley 72 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Berkeley 72
Type: OC
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h50m13.00s / +22°15'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 5.0x5.0'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.8
I only saw 3 stars with averted vision. But I'm not sure if they are members of the cluster.
DIFFICULT

Berkeley 80 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 8×8'
Name: Berkeley 80
Type: OC
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 18h54m19.70s / -01°13'01.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 4.0x4.0'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.4: With averted vision seen as faint, slightly granular, oval brightening. At 150x about 5 individual stars visible.
MODERATE

Berkeley 81 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 12×12'
Name: Berkeley 81
Type: OC
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h01m37.20s / -00°27'36.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 7.0x7.0'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.4: At 80x seen as a faint, even glow, that appeared slightly granular with averted vision. Glimpsed few individual stars. At 150x only few stars visible. With averted vision several fainter stars indicated.
MODERATE

Berkeley 94 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: Berkeley 94
Type: OC
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 22h22m54.00s / +55°52'30.00"
Brightness / Size: v8.7 mag / 4.0x4.0'
80mm f/6.25, 62x
Observed from city at full moon! Only 3 stars visible in a slightly curved chain. Background seemed a bit brightened.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x only 3 stars visible. At 100x a very compact group of faint stars.
MODERATE

Berkeley 97 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Berkeley 97
Type: OC
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 22h39m22.00s / +59°01'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 3.0x3.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 5
I only saw two medium bright stars at this position.
FAILED

beta Cyg (**)

Name: beta Cyg, 6 Cyg, Albireo, STFA43
Type: **
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h30m43.29s / +27°57'34.90"
Components: AB / v3.2 mag / v4.7 mag / 35.4" / 55.0° / 2012
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Well separated, but I didn't recognised any color.

80mm f/6.25, 25x
One of the most beautiful double stars in the northern hemisphere. Differences in brightness and color (orange-blue) are brilliant! Even under urban conditions with small aperture an enjoyment!

Bica 1 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: Bica 1
Type: OC
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h33m10.00s / +41°13'06.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 4.0x4.0'
120mm f/5, 40x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
About 5 stars arranged in a slight arc. Not recognizable as a cluster.
DIFFICULT

Bica 2 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: Bica 2
Type: OC
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h33m15.00s / +41°18'42.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 5.0x5.0'
120mm f/5, 40x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Cluster is dominated by a bright 'double star'. Overall about 5 stars visible. Barely recognizable as a cluster.
MODERATE

BL Ori (C*)

Name: BL Ori
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 06h25m28.17s / +14°43'19.16"
Brightness: v5.9-6.6mag (153.8d)
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6
2013-12-29: Bright, very intensive color, deep orange to slightly red. Very beautiful.
ORANGE COLORED

BM Gem (C*)

Name: BM Gem
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h20m59.01s / +24°59'58.08"
Brightness: p11.5-12.1mag (286d)
80mm f/6.25, 25x
2014-01-12: Moderately bright, slightly evident, orange colored. Not better at 62x.
ORANGE COLORED

BS Per (C*)

Name: BS Per
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 02h26m52.70s / +52°07'02.69"
Brightness: p12.0-13.6mag (400d)
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2013-10-22: Already at 37x obviously red colored. At 100x I could see the star more colorful. Located at the end of a curved chain of 4 stars.
RED COLORED

BU Gem (*)

Name: BU Gem, 6 Gem
Type: *, V*
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 06h12m19.10s / +22°54'30.64"
Brightness: v5.74-7.4mag (325d)
80mm f/6.25, 25x
2014-01-11: Fairly bright, apparent, obviously orange colored.
ORANGE COLORED

C*2801 (C*)

Name: C*2801, GSC02143-00191
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Vul
Coordinates: 19h48m44.60s / +26°08'20.20"
Brightness: v11.7-12.6mag (175.4d)
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
2013-09-29: I couldn't see anything at this position. But on the DSS image there is a star. In Cartes du Ciel you will find at these coordinates the star 3UC 233-209626 (10.85m, BV 2.41).

8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 5
2014-07-20: I guess that the star is near its maximum. I could see the star at 150x with averted vision, but still very faint and without color.

Cas A (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 8×8'
Name: Cas A
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 23h23m24.00s / +58°48'54.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 4.0x4.0'
8" f/6, 133x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
2014-11-23: After some problems with orientation I've found the correct position to see at the end nothing ;-) I've tried magnifications of 96x and 133x with UHC & [OIII] filter.
FAILED

Ced214 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: Ced214, LBN581, Sh2-171
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 00h03m30.00s / +67°07'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 50.0x40.0'
8" f/6, 37x + [OIII], Bortle 4
Before upcoming clouds I could see a very large, irregular brightening. Overall fairly bright, but due to the size this nebula can be easily overlooked.
EASY

CG Vul (C*)

Name: CG Vul
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Vul
Coordinates: 19h16m54.65s / +21°54'53.32"
Brightness: p13.5-15.1mag
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0
2014-06-09: At 28x deep red, but faint. Bei 75x deep red to purple colored.
RED COLORED

CM Aur (C*)

Name: CM Aur
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h29m20.10s / +43°24'32.95"
Brightness: p12.8-13.8mag
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
2013-11-24: Fairly faint, slightly reddish.
RED COLORED

Collinder 21 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: Collinder 21
Type: OC
Constellation: Tri
Coordinates: 01h50m07.00s / +27°05'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v8.2 mag / 6.0x6.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Apparent group of brighter stars forming a semicircle.
EASY

Collinder 89 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 50×50'
Name: Collinder 89
Type: OC
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 06h18m00.00s / +23°38'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.7 mag / 35.0x35.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 5.9+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.8: Nothing conspicuous visible, just some scattered stars.
MODERATE

Collinder 350 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 60×60'
Name: Collinder 350
Type: OC
Constellation: Oph
Coordinates: 17h48m06.00s / +01°18'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.1 mag / 45.0x45.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Over a field of about 1.5° a couple of bright and medium bright, loosely scattered stars.
EASY

Collinder 399 (AST)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 100×100'
Name: Collinder 399, Coathanger
Type: AST
Constellation: Vul
Coordinates: 19h26m20.00s / +20°07'40.00"
Brightness / Size: v3.6 mag / 100.0x40.0'
Prominent cluster of brighter stars. On the eastern end the fairly faint open cluster NGC6802 can be found.

naked eye, Bortle 4
Visible as diffuse brightening with averted vision.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Wonderful object for binoculars. Evident shape of a coathanger.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Evident. Some brighter stars forms the typical shape of a coathanger.
EASY

Collinder 427 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Collinder 427
Type: OC
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 20h59m30.00s / +68°10'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v13.8 mag / 4.0x4.0'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4+
I used magnifications from 37x up to 200x. Except for the nearby Iris Nebula NGC7023 there was absolutely nothing visible, which could be something like a cluster.
FAILED

Collinder 464 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 120×120'
Name: Collinder 464
Type: OC
Constellation: Cam
Coordinates: 05h12m39.00s / +73°58'29.00"
Brightness / Size: v4.2 mag / 120.0x120.0'
naked eye, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Seen as compact group of stars with averted vision.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Only the 5 bright stars are apparent. Not noticeable as a cluster.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Too large for the almost 2 degree field of view. The cluster is dominated by 5 bright stars. Overall a poor, loose cluster.
EASY

CP Tau (C*)

Name: CP Tau
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Tau
Coordinates: 05h45m26.53s / +15°30'45.31"
Brightness: p11.8-13.7mag
8" f/6, 37x, NELM 5.0
2014-02-17: Moderately bright, deep orange. Fairly evident.
ORANGE COLORED

CR Gem (C*)

Name: CR Gem
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 06h34m23.92s / +16°04'30.32"
Brightness: b10.9-12.1mag (250d)
4.5" f/8, 72x
2014-02-06 (half moon): Deep red, crimson. Vividly colored. Moderately bright. Worthwhile!

RED COLORED
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
2014-02-23: Vividly colored, bright, deep orange to slightly reddish. Purple color was evident only with smaller aperture!?
ORANGE COLORED

CT Lac (C*)

Name: CT Lac
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h06m39.93s / +48°27'06.84"
Brightness: v8.6-13.4mag (558.2d)
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.4
2016-10-05: At 80x the star appeared intensively red colored, but faint. At 150x it was rather orange, occasionally red.
RED COLORED

Czernik43 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 20×20'
Name: Czernik43
Type: OC
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 23h25m52.00s / +61°20'30.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 14.0x14.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Less evident. Only few, scattered, faint stars.
MODERATE

delta Cep (**)

Name: delta Cep, STFA58
Type: **
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 22h29m10.25s / +58°24'54.70"
Components: AC / v4.2 mag / v6.1 mag / 40.9" / 192.0° / 2011
80mm f/6.25, 25x
Obvious difference in brightness and color. Brighter component slightly orange, weaker blueish. Seems to be little brother of Albireo ;)

DG Cep (C*)

Name: DG Cep
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 22h44m11.11s / +61°43'42.57"
Brightness: b11.54-12.5mag
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 5
2014-01-01: Moderately bright. At 37x deep orange to slightly red. At 100x red to slightly purple.
RED COLORED

DH Gem (C*)

Name: DH Gem
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 06h30m53.55s / +12°28'45.62"
Brightness: b11.6-13.71mag
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 5
2014-01-01: Quite faint, reddish.
RED COLORED

DH UMa (C*)

Name: DH UMa
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h03m15.25s / +50°05'39.36"
Brightness: v9.2-9.4mag
120mm f/5, 40x, NELM 4.5
2016-01-22: At 18x too faint, at 40x and 75x at most slightly orange colored.

Diamond Ring (AST)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 90×90'
Name: Diamond Ring, Engagement Ring
Type: AST
Constellation: UMi
Coordinates: 02h50m00.00s / +88°50'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 60.0x60.0'
Several faint stars form the ring and alpha UMi is the diamond. Very nice view in telescopes at low magnification. Visually much more apparent than on photographs.

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 8, NELM 4.3+, SQM-L 18.9
Alpha UMi was easily seen, but the ring itself was fairly faint.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.0
Well visible with averted vision. The typical ring form was quite easily seen.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 33x, Bortle 8, NELM 4.3+, SQM-L 18.9
Quite evident. Nice view when consciously seen the diamond ring.
EASY

DoDz 5 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 35×35'
Name: DoDz 5
Type: OC
Constellation: Her
Coordinates: 16h27m24.00s / +38°04'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 27.0x27.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Less obvious and barely noticeable as an open cluster. About 10-15 scattered stars.
MODERATE

Dolidze 17 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: Dolidze 17
Type: OC
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h22m12.00s / +07°06'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 12.0x12.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4+, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.4: Slightly evident group of 5 brighter stars. Hardly recognizable as cluster.
EASY

Dolidze 26 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 30×30'
Name: Dolidze 26
Type: OC
Constellation: CMi
Coordinates: 07h30m04.60s / +11°53'06.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 24.0x24.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Southeast of 6 CMi some medium bright and few fainter, scattered stars. Less evident.
MODERATE

Dolidze 45 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 25×25'
Name: Dolidze 45
Type: OC
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h09m30.00s / +37°37'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 18.0x18.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 6
Some medium bright and fainter, scattered stars. Not perceptible as a cluster.
DIFFICULT

DS Cas (C*)

Name: DS Cas
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 23h32m20.89s / +62°06'32.21"
Brightness: b13.8-16.2mag (340d)
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2013-10-22: Very faint. Appeared in some moments very red colored.
RED COLORED

DV Lac (C*)

Name: DV Lac
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h45m04.26s / +56°37'18.81"
Brightness: p12.1-14.6mag
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.4
2016-10-05: Rather faint, orange to slight red, pretty evident.
ORANGE COLORED

eta Gem (*)

Name: eta Gem, 7 Gem
Type: *, V*
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 06h14m52.66s / +22°30'24.46"
Brightness: v3.15-3.9mag (232.9d)
80mm f/6.25, 25x
2014-01-11: Very bright, slightly orange colored.
ORANGE COLORED

EW And (C*)

Name: EW And
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h26m57.36s / +49°30'58.97"
Brightness: p10.8-11.8mag
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2013-10-22: Deep orange.
ORANGE COLORED

FR Cas (C*)

Name: FR Cas
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 00h22m26.83s / +59°11'33.43"
Brightness: b12.7-13.9mag
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2013-10-22: Barely seen with direct vision. Very intensive red.

RED COLORED
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
2014-10-19: Moderately bright, deep orange to slight reddish.
ORANGE COLORED

FR Per (C*)

Name: FR Per
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 04h11m32.51s / +51°20'02.84"
Brightness: p12.2-13.4mag
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2013-10-22: Quite faint, deep orange to red colored.
RED COLORED

French 1 (AST)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: French 1, The Toadstool
Type: AST
Constellation: Del
Coordinates: 21h07m25.00s / +16°19'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 12.0x12.0'
A definite recommendation, because easy to find, evident and also suitable for small telescopes. The name 'Toadstool' comes from its appearance: The mushroom (why is it poisonous?) is tilted towards SW and shows a nicely curved cap. At the right side of the fungal stem you can find the galaxy NGC7025. We have named it lovingly 'Fußpilzgalaxie' (athlete's foot galaxy) ;-)

12.5" f/4.5, 72x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
Very nice, obvious group of stars, that really looks like a mushroom.
EASY

FU Aur (C*)

Name: FU Aur
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h48m08.18s / +30°37'51.92"
Brightness: b11.0-12.2mag
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
2013-11-24: Obviously orange colored.
ORANGE COLORED

FZ Per (*)

Name: FZ Per
Type: *, V*
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 02h20m59.68s / +57°09'30.59"
Brightness: b9.8-10.77mag (184d)
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2013-10-22: Fairly bright, orange. Particularly the position between the prominent double cluster in Per makes this star quite interesting.
ORANGE COLORED

gamma Ari (**)

Name: gamma Ari, STF180
Type: **
Constellation: Ari
Coordinates: 01h53m31.76s / +19°17'38.60"
Components: v4.5 mag / v4.6 mag / 7.5" / 2.0° / 2012
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.3
Nice, obvious double star. Both components have similar brightness and appeared white.

GI Per (C*)

Name: GI Per
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 04h29m43.25s / +39°52'02.04"
Brightness: p13.8-15.8mag (400d)
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2013-10-22: Already seen at 37x. Fairly faint. Obviously red colored. Nearby the brighter, orange colored HD276455 and TYC2884-1559-1.
RED COLORED

Hickson 34 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: HCG34, Arp327
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h21m47.00s / +06°41'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC1875 v13.7 mag 0.8x0.7'
PGC17173 b18.3 mag 0.2x0.2'
PGC17175 b17.1 mag 0.4x0.2'
PGC17176 b17.4 mag 0.4x0.2'
Southeastern of the dominant NGC1875 are the three much more fainter members, which are arranged in a curved chain.

8" f/6, 218x, Bortle 5+, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.3: I've only tried the bright NGC1875 of course: Altitude of about 40°. Appeared round, almost evenly bright, difficult to hold with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

Hickson 37 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: HCG37
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 09h13m37.00s / +30°00'00.00"

Group Members:
MCG+5-22-16 (PGC26005, PGC26009) b16.1 mag 0.4x0.3'
MCG+5-22-20 (PGC26004) b15.8 mag 0.4x0.3'
NGC2783A (UGC4859, H3.295) v12.6 mag 2.2x1.5' (168°)
NGC2783B (UGC4856) v14.3 mag 1.7x0.2' (77°)
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 21.0
Limiting magnitude in the target region at least 5.4 mag. I only observed the two brightest members.

NGC2783A: Already visible at 80x with averted vision. Appeared roundish, quite well condensed, rather small.

NGC2783B: Appeared more as an almost stellar brightening, in few moments also elongated. Permanently seen with averted vision but pretty faint.
MODERATE

Hickson 44 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: HCG44
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h17m59.00s / +21°47'18.00"

Group Members:
NGC3185 (UGC5554) v12.2 mag 2.1x1.4' (130°)
NGC3187 (UGC5556) v12.9 mag 3.6x1.7' (115°)
NGC3189 (NGC3190, UGC5559, H2.44) v11.2 mag 4.5x1.5' (118°)
NGC3193 (UGC5562, H2.45) v10.9 mag 2.9x2.8' (20°)
Very bright Hickson group. Worthwhile!

4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 7+
Only the two brightest members were visible. Both fairly well seen with averted vision. NGC3193 appeared roundish with brighter core, NGC3189 very elongated and nearly evenly bright, whereas only the brighter core was visible.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
The two brightest members were apparent with averted vision: NGC3193 appeared roundish with brighter core, NGC3189 very elongated with also elongated, brighter core and fainter, diffuse outer region. NGC3185 perceptible with averted vision as fairly faint, roundish, evenly bright nebula.

EASY
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
At 37x the two brightest members (NGC3189 & NGC3193) are clearly evident. NGC3179 is very elongated and shows at 100x an elongated, distinctly brighter core area. Dust lane wasn't seen, but galaxy appeared more sharply defined SW. NGC3193 is round with very bright, compact core. NGC3185 appears at 37x as a relatively small, faint brightening, at 100x evenly bright and slightly oval. Most difficult is NGC3187: Only at third attempt I was able to see it. At 171x very faint, very elongated, thin, evenly bright. Barely held with averted vision.
EASY

Hickson 53 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: HCG53
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h29m00.00s / +20°46'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC3697 (NGC3697A, UGC6479, PGC35347) b14.1 mag 2.4x0.7' (93°)
NGC3697B (PGC35355) b15.3 mag 0.7x0.5' (170°)
NGC3697C (PGC35360) b15.3 mag 0.5x0.4' (120°)
PGC35381 b16.8 mag 0.5x0.2' (90°)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.4
SQM-L in the target region about 21.0.

NGC3697A: Brightest member of the group. Elongated, evenly bright & wide.

NGC3697B: Roundish, slightly condensed. Overall pretty faint. Located northwest near NGC3697C.

NGC3697C: Unfortunately not seen, although the northwestern NGC3697B was feasible.
MODERATE

Hickson 56 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: HCG56
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h32m40.00s / +52°56'40.00"

Group Members:
PGC35609 b16.5 mag 0.5x0.3' (170°)
PGC35615 b17.0 mag 0.5x0.3' (148°)
PGC35618 b15.9 mag 0.8x0.6' (72°)
PGC35631 b16.0 mag 1.0x0.2' (172°)
UGC6527 (PGC35620) v14.6 mag 0.8x0.4' (53°)
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.5, SQM-L 21.6
Difficult. Nearly permanently held with averted vision as very compact, slightly elongated brightening, which is UGC6527 and maybe the two western galaxies PGC35615 and PGC35618. At 265x I thought to have seen two separate brightenings, but not for sure.
DIFFICULT

Hickson 57 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: HCG57, Arp320, Copeland's Septet
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h37m51.00s / +21°59'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC3745 b16.4 mag 0.6x0.4' (110°)
NGC3746 (UGC6597) b15.3 mag 1.1x0.5' (125°)
NGC3748 v14.8 mag 0.7x0.4' (140°)
NGC3750 v13.9 mag 0.8x0.7' (160°)
NGC3751 v14.3 mag 0.8x0.5' (5°)
NGC3753 (UGC6602) v13.6 mag 1.7x0.5' (120°)
NGC3754 b15.2 mag 0.4x0.3' (35°)
PGC36010 b17.4 mag 0.4x0.3' (20°)
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L in the target region about 21.0.

NGC3746: Roundish (?), faint. Brighter and larger than NGC3748.

NGC3748: Faint, roundish, pretty small.

NGC3750: Located southwest of NGC3753. Difficult to separate from brighter NGC3753. Just visible as very faint, roundish brightening. Held with averted vision.

NGC3751: Most southern member of the group. Unfortunately for some reason I didn't tried this one.

NGC3753: Slightly elongated, rather evenly bright, pretty faint. Brightest and largest member of the group.

NGC3754: Northeast close to NGC3753. At 220x & 220x absolutely nothing was seen.

MODERATE
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L in the target region about 21.0.

NGC3745: Round, compact brightening. Anything but evident at 225x.

NGC3746: Evident, slightly oval, getting a bit brighter towards the middle. Still visible with direct vision.

NGC3748: Small, round brightening. Well seen with averted vision.

NGC3750: Roundish, condensed brightening. Almost visible with direct vision.

NGC3751: Most southern member of the group. Unfortunately for some reason I didn't tried this one.

NGC3753: Obviously oval/slightly elongated, getting brighter towards the middle. Still visible with direct vision.

NGC3754: Ziemlich schwache, rundliche Aufhellung dicht an NGC3753.
EASY

Hickson 61 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: HCG61, The Box
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h12m22.00s / +29°11'09.00"

Group Members:
NGC4169 (UGC7202, H3.358) v12.3 mag 1.8x0.9' (150°)
NGC4173 (UGC7204, H2.372) v12.7 mag 5.0x0.7' (128°)
NGC4174 (UGC7206, H3.359) v13.6 mag 0.8x0.3' (50°)
NGC4175 (UGC7211, H3.360) v13.4 mag 1.8x0.4' (130°)
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3, SQM-L 21.5
All four members were visible. NGC4169 is brightest member and apparent with direct vision. Appeared as oval nebula with brighter core. NGC4174 & NGC4175 appeared elongated, whereas NGC4174 is fairly compact. Both galaxies well seen with averted vision. NGC4173 held with averted vision, very thin & elongated, but quite faint and evenly bright. An awesome group of galaxies, especially when you see all members at once!

MODERATE
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
NGC4169 most easy, which can be seen with direct vision as an oval nebula with much brighter core. Smallest and second brightest regarding to high surface brightness is NGC4174: relatively small, elongated, apparent with averted vision. More difficult is NGC4175: Permanently held with averted vision as elongated nebula. Largest, but very faint NGC4173 not seen.
MODERATE

Hickson 68 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 13×13'
Name: HCG68
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h53m40.00s / +40°19'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC5350 (UGC8810, H2.713) v11.3 mag 3.2x2.6' (40°)
NGC5353 (UGC8813, H2.714) v11.0 mag 2.8x1.9' (145°)
NGC5354 (UGC8814, H2.715) v11.4 mag 2.2x2.0'
NGC5355 (UGC8819, H3.699) v13.1 mag 1.2x0.7' (5°)
NGC5358 (UGC8826) v13.6 mag 1.1x0.3' (138°)
Very bright Hickson Group. The brightest members should be well visible also with smaller aperture.

8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
At 37x the two brightest members NGC5353 and NGC5354 are evident with averted vision and clearly separated from each other. At 100x NGC5353 appeared slightly oval with bright, distinct core, whereas NGC5354 appeared more roundish and evenly bright. Also well visible is NGC5350, which is largest member of the group. Already visible at 37x with averted vision as relatively large, roundish, rather faint brightening. At 100x the center was somewhat brighter. The much more fainter NGC5355 was well seen at 150x with averted vision as slightly elongated brightening. The faintest member is NGC5358: At 150x I could barely see this galaxy with averted vision as very compact, diffuse brightening, which was probably only the bright core area.
EASY

Hickson 88 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 12×12'
Name: HCG88
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Aqr
Coordinates: 20h52m24.00s / -05°44'59.00"

Group Members:
MCG-1-53-14 (PGC65612) b15.0 mag 1.1x0.3' (70°)
NGC6975 (NGC6976) v14.0 mag 0.8x0.7' (5°)
NGC6977 v13.2 mag 1.3x0.9'
NGC6978 v13.3 mag 1.5x0.7' (125°)
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.6, Alt ca. 32°: Due to its low altitude this galaxy group can be a real challenge for 8 inch. Only the two brightest members were visible, which appeared similar bright. NGC6978 is the largest one and appeared elongated and almost evenly bright at 171x. However this galaxy wasn't evident at the first glance, but afterwards easily held with averted vision. NGC6977 is similarly difficult, somewhat fainter, roundish and evenly bright.

MODERATE
33" f/3.9, 194x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.6, Alt ca. 32°: The two brightest members were obvious and visible with direct vision. NGC6978 was obviously elongated with a brighter core, NGC6977 was smaller, roundish to slightly oval with somewhat brighter core. Between these two galaxies a star was apparent. NGC6975 was fainter and only visible with averted vision as roundish nebula with also somewhat brighter core. All three galaxies are arranged in a line with almost same distances. A nice view! The faintest member (PGC65612) wasn't visible due to problems with dew on the secondary mirror. With large aperture a very nice Hickson Group.
EASY

Hickson 92 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: HCG92, Arp319, Stephan's Quintet
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Peg
Coordinates: 22h35m57.50s / +33°57'36.00"

Group Members:
NGC7317 v13.6 mag 0.7x0.6' (150°)
NGC7318A (UGC12099) v13.4 mag 0.9x0.9' (90°)
NGC7318B (UGC12100) v13.2 mag 1.9x1.2' (120°)
NGC7319 (UGC12102) v13.5 mag 1.7x1.3' (148°)
NGC7320 (UGC12101) v12.6 mag 2.2x1.1' (132°)
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3+, SQM-L 21.3
A rather difficult group for 4.5 inch. Transparent sky is very important. At 60x I saw a brightening, that includes NGC7318A/B and NGC7320. Separating them was difficult. Only at 100x I could separate both for sure and they appeared as oval nebulas.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Wonderful, but more fainter group near NGC7331. NGC7318A/B appeared at 80x as oval, evenly bright nebula with averted vision and is brightest member. At 218x I could separate the cores of both galaxies with averted vision. NGC7320 was also fairly easily seen at 80x with averted vision, oval, relatively faint. NGC7317 is located nearby a 13.4m star and appeared at 150x as a very compact brightening. NGC7319 is the faintest member in this group and was visible at 150x as an extremely faint glow.
MODERATE

Hickson 93 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: HCG93
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Peg
Coordinates: 23h15m22.00s / +18°59'30.00"

Group Members:
NGC7547 (UGC12453) v13.7 mag 1.1x0.5' (95°)
NGC7549 (UGC12457) v13.0 mag 2.8x0.7' (8°)
NGC7550 (UGC12456, H3.181) v12.2 mag 1.4x1.2' (150°)
NGC7553 v14.4 mag 0.7x0.6' (165°)
NGC7558 v14.9 mag 0.4x0.4' (65°)
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.8
SQM-L 20.6: Largest and brightest member is NGC7550, which was barely visible with direct vision at 96x. This galaxy appeared roundish with slightly brighter center, otherwise rather evenly bright. At 133x the core appeared very compact. Second brightest member is NGC7549, which appeared at 96x roundish, at 133x partly slightly oval. Overall quite faint, but well perceptible with averted vision. The slightly fainter NGC7547 was seen at 96x only as rather compact brightening, at 133x evenly bright. Probably I only saw the brighter core area. The two faintest members 7553 & 7558 I didn't tried until now.
MODERATE

Hickson 94 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: HCG94
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Peg
Coordinates: 23h17m16.00s / +18°43'00.00"

Group Members:
NGC7578A (UGC12477) v13.9 mag 0.7x0.6' (90°)
NGC7578B (UGC12478) v14.0 mag 1.7x1.2' (25°)
NGC7578C (PGC70936) b16.5 mag 0.3x0.2'
PGC70937 b18.1 mag 0.6x0.2'
PGC70939 b18.2 mag 0.3x0.2'
PGC70941 b18.6 mag 0.2x0.2'
PGC70943 b16.4 mag 0.8x0.3'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.8
SQM-L 20.6: The level of difficulty is only related to the two brightest group members (NGC7578A/B). The other members might be too faint for 8 inch aperture. At 66x I could easily see with averted vision around NGC7578A/B a faint, evenly bright glow, which appeared slightly oval at higher magnification. At 171x I could fairly well see within this glow the two rather compact cores of NGC7578 A/B, which were clearly separated from each other. The core of NGC7578 B (northeastern of NGC7578 A) appeared a bit brighter and larger. I didn't looked for the other members of course, but the third brightest one (PGC70943) might be worth trying ;-)
MODERATE

Hickson 95 (GLXGRP)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: HCG95, Arp150
Type: GLXGRP
Constellation: Peg
Coordinates: 23h19m30.00s / +09°30'00.00"

Group Members:
MCG+1-59-46 (PGC71074) b16.1 mag 0.8x0.2'
MCG+1-59-48 (PGC71080) v15.2 mag 0.8x0.3'
NGC7609 v14.2 mag 1.3x1.1' (60°)
PGC71077 v16.1 mag 0.7x0.4'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4-
This observation was a while back and I could only saw NGC7609 as very faint, roundish brightening, but at the limit of perception with averted vision. But don't expect too much from this Hickson/Arp group with 8 inch aperture.
DIFFICULT

HD26748 (*)

Name: HD26748, TYC679-514-1
Type: *
Constellation: Tau
Coordinates: 04h14m19.59s / +14°32'54.90"
Brightness: v7.6 mag
80mm f/6.25, 25x
2014-02-12: Obviously orange colored. At 62x slightly more colorful. Somewhat evident.
ORANGE COLORED

HD27482 (*)

Name: HD27482, TYC1824-979-1
Type: *
Constellation: Tau
Coordinates: 04h21m15.26s / +27°21'00.88"
Brightness: v7.3 mag
80mm f/6.25, 25x
2014-02-12: Slightly orange colored, fairly bright.
ORANGE COLORED

HD29496 (C*)

Name: HD29496, TYC1266-1269-1
Type: *, C*
Constellation: Tau
Coordinates: 04h39m20.26s / +16°45'14.81"
Brightness: v8.4 mag
80mm f/6.25, 25x
2014-02-12: At 25x barely visible with direct vision. Color not clearly perceptible, maybe slight orange. At 62x not better.

HD30443 (C*)

Name: HD30443
Type: *, C*
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 04h49m16.03s / +35°00'06.47"
Brightness: v8.8 mag
120mm f/5, 40x, NELM 4.3
2016-01-18: Moderately bright, visible with direct vision, slightly orange colored, less evident.
ORANGE COLORED

HD85066 (C*)

Name: HD85066
Type: *, C*
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h51m05.35s / +52°37'25.46"
Brightness: v9.7 mag
120mm f/5, 40x, NELM 4.5
2016-01-21: At 18x faint without noticeable coloring. At 40x and 75x at most slightly orange.

HD276455 (*)

Name: HD276455
Type: *
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 04h30m00.73s / +39°50'11.25"
Brightness: v9.0 mag
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
2013-10-22: Obviously orange colored to slight red. At 37x more lighter orange.
ORANGE COLORED

Henize 1-4 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Henize 1-4, PK68+1.2
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h59m18.01s / +31°54'39.14"
Brightness / Size: v14.1 mag / 0.3x0.3'
120mm f/5, 75x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Without any filter only the 11.27 mag star is visible, which is very close to the nebula. With UHC filter the planetary was very faint. With [OIII] filter still faint, compact, round, evenly bright. The nearby star was also faintly visible.
MODERATE

Henize 1-5 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: Henize 1-5, PK60-7.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Sge
Coordinates: 20h11m56.06s / +20°20'04.37"
Brightness / Size: v16.0 mag / 0.6x0.6'
8" f/6, 133x + UHC, Bortle 3
A spontaneous try, which wasn't successful at different magnifications (80-133x) and filters (UHC/[OIII]).
FAILED

Henize 2-441 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Henize 2-441, Me1-1, PK52-2.2
Type: PN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h39m09.82s / +15°56'48.20"
Brightness / Size: b13.3 mag / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Stellar. Almost visible with direct vision. With [OIII] filter evident with direct vision.
EASY

HH164 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: HH164
Type: BN, RN
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 00h11m26.10s / +58°49'29.00"
Brightness / Size: - / -
Herbig-Haro object caused by the young variable star V633 Cas. Visible is the surrounding dust envelope. The southeastern extension on the DSS image is HH161.

8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Very compact, in comparison to the surrounding stars diffus and somewhat extended. The southeastern extension (HH161) wasn't visible.
MODERATE

HH215 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: HH215, GM1-29, Gyulbudaghians Nebula
Type: BN, RN
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 20h45m53.50s / +67°57'50.00"
Brightness / Size: - / -
PV Cephei is a so called Young stellar object, a star in its early stage of evolution. Associated with this star is the extremely variable reflection nebula GM1-29, a Herbig–Haro object (HH), which was invisible over several years even to larger telescopes. There seemed to be an outburst in the year 2013, so that the nebula could be seen even in smaller telescopes. I also read about some successful observations with 12". Reiner Vogel (a well known German observer) also confirmed this outburst on his webpage. A very interesting object, worthwile to visit it every year!

8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
2013-09-07: I could saw this nebula as extremely faint, roundish brightening, held permanently with averted vision. Two days later I could repeat this observation, where I glimpsed the nebula for sure.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
2014-08-19: Faint, but fairly well visible with averted vision as small, diffuse brightening. Let's see, how the nebula will develop in the next months.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.1
2014-09-28: Relatively compact, roundish brightening. Quite well seen with averted vision, but definitely not evident.

MODERATE
18" f/4.5, 205x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.1
2014-09-28: Evident with averted vision, triangle-shaped (comet-like), southern end brighter and more defined, to the north fan-shaped and more diffuse, but overall quite well defined. In few moments a stellar brightening appeared at the southern end (PV Cephei?).

EASY
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 5+, SQM-L 20.9
2015-08-15: Small, round, evenly bright nebula. Almost evident with averted vision.
MODERATE

HK Lyr (C*)

Name: HK Lyr
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Lyr
Coordinates: 18h42m50.00s / +36°57'30.89"
Brightness: v7.5-8.4mag (186d)
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.5
2016-07-07: Medium bright, obviously orange colored.

ORANGE COLORED
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0
2014-06-09: Fairly bright, quite obviously orange colored.

ORANGE COLORED
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
2013-09-28: Fairly evident, deep orange colored. Relatively bright.
ORANGE COLORED

IC10 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: IC10, UGC192
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 00h20m23.16s / +59°17'34.70"
Brightness / Size: v10.4 mag / 6.4x5.3'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5+, SQM-L 20.8
Roundish with an angular size of about 1', evenly bright, very faint, directly next to a 12.78m star. Only the brighter central area was visible.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Roundish, evenly bright. Overall rather faint.
MODERATE

IC59 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: IC59, LBN620
Type: BN, EN, RN
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 00h57m23.00s / +61°08'24.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 10.0x10.0'
8" f/6, 80x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
[OIII] filter also didn't showed anything.
FAILED

IC63 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: IC63, LBN622
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 00h59m31.00s / +60°55'30.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 10.0x10.0'
8" f/6, 80x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Also tried an [OIII] filter.
FAILED

IC65 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC65, UGC625
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 01h00m55.43s / +47°40'55.14"
Brightness / Size: v12.8 mag / 3.9x1.1'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Obviously oval / slightly elongated, evenly bright, quite faint. Axial ratio about 1:3.
MODERATE

IC163 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC163, UGC1276
Type: GLX
Constellation: Ari
Coordinates: 01h49m14.98s / +20°42'40.74"
Brightness / Size: v13.1 mag / 1.8x0.9'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.8
Pretty faint, oval, evenly bright. Held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

IC166 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: IC166
Type: OC
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 01h52m22.80s / +61°51'54.00"
Brightness / Size: v11.7 mag / 7.0x7.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0 FAILED

IC167 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC167, UGC1313, Arp31
Type: GLX
Constellation: Ari
Coordinates: 01h51m08.65s / +21°54'44.80"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 2.9x1.9'
About 5' northwestward you can find the very compact NGC694 with high surface brightness.

8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.8
Extremely faint, small, roundish. Glimpsed with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

IC179 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC179, UGC1475
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h00m11.52s / +38°01'17.14"
Brightness / Size: b13.4 mag / 1.8x1.5'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.4: Roundish, relatively small, slightly brighter core, otherwise evenly bright.
MODERATE

IC239 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC239, UGC2080
Group: NGC1023 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h36m27.83s / +38°58'08.56"
Brightness / Size: v11.1 mag / 4.6x4.2'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
Relatively large, round, evenly bright, very faint.
MODERATE

IC257 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC257, UGC2298
Type: GLX
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 02h49m45.60s / +46°58'35.20"
Brightness / Size: v12.6 mag / 2.2x1.2'
8" f/6, 220x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 18.9
Very faint, roundish, condensed. Held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

IC289 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC289, PK138+2.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 03h10m19.30s / +61°19'01.00"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 0.8x0.8'
8" f/6, 80x + UHC, Bortle 4
With UHC filter well seen with averted vision, without filter very faint. Round, extended.
MODERATE

IC290 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC290, IC1884, UGC2561
Type: GLX
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 03h09m42.73s / +40°58'26.96"
Brightness / Size: v14.8 mag / 1.2x0.3'
8" f/6, 218x, Bortle 4 FAILED

IC292 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC292, IC1887, UGC2567
Type: GLX
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 03h10m12.93s / +40°45'56.50"
Brightness / Size: v13.6 mag / 1.2x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Permanently held with averted vision, oval, faint.
DIFFICULT

IC293 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC293, IC1888
Type: GLX
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 03h10m56.15s / +41°08'13.53"
Brightness / Size: v14.3 mag / 1.1x0.8'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Roundish, faint brightening.
DIFFICULT

IC334 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC334, UGC2824
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cam
Coordinates: 03h45m17.09s / +76°38'17.74"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 3.7x3.3'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
At 37x quite compact. At 80x evident with averted vision, well condensed, roundish.
EASY

IC342 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 21×21'
Name: IC342, UGC2847
Group: Maffei Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cam
Coordinates: 03h46m48.51s / +68°05'45.98"
Brightness / Size: v9.1 mag / 20.9x20.4'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Unfortunately not seen for sure. No success at higher magnification (60x,80x,100x). Many faint stars in the field, which could sham a brightening. Next time I will focus on brighter core area.
FAILED

IC348 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: IC348
Type: OC
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 03h44m34.00s / +32°09'48.00"
Brightness / Size: v7.3 mag / 10.0x10.0'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4-
About 10 medium bright stars loosely scattered, less evident.
EASY

IC348 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: IC348, LBN758
Type: BN
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 03h44m34.00s / +32°09'48.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 10.0x10.0'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4-
Beginning from a small group of stars I could see a diffuse brightening towards SE with averted vision.
MODERATE

IC349 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC349, Barnard's Merope Nebula
Group: Pleiades
Type: BN, RN
Constellation: Tau
Coordinates: 03h46m21.30s / +23°56'28.00"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 0.5x0.5'
IC349 is a very small, interstellar dust cloud, which passes the bright star Merope deforming the nebula. Visually very challenging due to the short angular distance. Unfortunately the nebula isn't visible on the alongside DSS image.

8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4
Only tried short with a 6mm ortho.
FAILED

IC351 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC351, PK159-15.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 03h47m33.14s / +35°02'48.51"
Brightness / Size: v12.3 mag / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0
At 37x stellar and well visible with averted vision, at 96x slightly extended and visible with direct vision. At 171x still very compact, roundish, extended. Overall fairly bright.
EASY

IC356 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: IC356, UGC2953, Arp213
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cam
Coordinates: 04h07m46.91s / +69°48'44.75"
Brightness / Size: v10.5 mag / 4.5x3.5'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 37x roundish and faint. At 80x slightly oval & condensed, barely visible with direct vision.
MODERATE

IC410 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 50×50'
Name: IC410, LBN807
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h22m30.00s / +33°23'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 50.0x50.0'
8" f/6, 37x + UHC, Bortle 4
Seen as an evident brightening with a dark notch. Looks like a 'V'. Without any filter I saw nothing.
EASY

IC417 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 15×15'
Name: IC417, LBN804, Spider Nebula
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h28m15.00s / +34°25'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 13.0x10.0'
8" f/6, 66x + UHC, Bortle 4
Tried at 37x & 66x with UHC filter without success.
FAILED

IC418 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: IC418, PK215-24.1, Spirograph Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Lep
Coordinates: 05h27m28.20s / -12°41'50.27"
Brightness / Size: v9.3 mag / 0.2x0.2'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4-
Already visible at low magnification as compact brightening. The 10.2m central star is most evident with direct vision. Around the central star I could see the nebula at 171x as slightly oval, narrow ring.
EASY

IC434 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: IC434
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h41m00.00s / -02°30'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 70.0x30.0'
8" f/6, 66x + HBeta, Bortle 4
Easily visible, especially when moving the telescope around. Overall very diffuse, particularly to the west end. A more sharply defined edge on the eastern side wasn't visible to me. Maybe my [HBeta] filter has a slightly shifted filter curve!? The Horsehead Nebula (B33) wasn't visible.
EASY

IC443 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: IC443
Type: BN
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 06h16m40.00s / +22°30'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 50.0x40.0'
Supernova remnant.

8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, NELM 5.9+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.8: Comparable with the observation in the 12.5 inch Dobsonian, just a bit fainter. At 37x with [OIII] filter the nebula was quite faint with averted vision.

MODERATE
12.5" f/4.5, 45x + [OIII], Bortle 4, NELM 5.9+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.8: At 45x with [OIII] filter the nebula appeared as a curved brightening with some embedded stars. It is the brightest part of IC443 in the northeast. In the south there was a notch, so that the nebula looked like a fishhook. A magnification of 72x with [OIII] didn't showed more details. Without any filter the nebula was just a faint, structureless glow at 72x.
EASY

IC509 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC509, UGC4456
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 08h32m03.56s / +24°00'39.10"
Brightness / Size: b14.6 mag / 1.2x1.1'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.6: I only used the "interstellarum Deep Sky Atlas". At 80x and 150x I didn't saw anything evident. The next time I will have a detailed finder chart.
FAILED

IC610 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC610, IC611, UGC5653
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h26m28.36s / +20°13'41.71"
Brightness / Size: b14.8 mag / 1.9x0.3'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Extremely thin, very elongated, evenly bright. Seems a little bit harder than UGC3697 (Integral Sign Galaxy).
DIFFICULT

IC749 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC749, UGC6962
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h58m33.98s / +42°44'02.71"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 2.3x2.0'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Round, evenly bright, very faint. Near IC750.
DIFFICULT

IC750 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC750, UGC6973
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h58m52.23s / +42°43'20.65"
Brightness / Size: v11.9 mag / 2.6x1.2'
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 4
Oval with brighter core. IC749 nearby.
MODERATE

IC771 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC771
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h15m13.20s / +13°11'04.26"
Brightness / Size: b14.9 mag / 0.7x0.5'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.8: Compact, round brightening. Barely held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

IC1066 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 7×7'
Name: IC1066, UGC9573
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h53m02.83s / +03°17'45.18"
Brightness / Size: v13.2 mag / 1.2x0.7'
8" f/6, 120x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.7: Roundish, quite compact, a bit smaller than IC1067. Rather faint.
MODERATE

IC1067 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 7×7'
Name: IC1067, UGC9574
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 14h53m05.23s / +03°19'54.18"
Brightness / Size: v12.5 mag / 2.0x1.6'
8" f/6, 120x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.7: Roundish, relatively small, but larger than IC1066.
MODERATE

IC1295 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: IC1295, PK25-4.2
Type: PN
Constellation: Sct
Coordinates: 18h54m37.21s / -08°49'39.08"
Brightness / Size: v12.7 mag / 1.7x1.4'
8" f/6, 150x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.3: Pretty large, round. Without filter almost evenly bright and faint. With UHC filter evident with uneven distribution of brightness.

EASY
12.5" f/4.5, 110x + UHC, Bortle 4+, NELM 6.3+, SQM-L 21.2
Round, mottled with averted vision, otherwise almost evenly bright.
EASY

IC1302 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1302
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h30m52.90s / +35°47'06.76"
Brightness / Size: v13.4 mag / 1.0x0.5'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.6: Quite compact nebula between two stars. Fairly well seen with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

IC1303 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: IC1303, UGC11452
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h31m30.05s / +35°52'35.82"
Brightness / Size: v13.9 mag / 1.3x0.8'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.6: Stay hidden to me.
FAILED

IC1318 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 100×100'
Name: IC1318, Butterfly Nebula, Gamma Cygni Nebula
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h25m50.00s / +40°10'30.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 45.0x20.0'
IC1318 describes a large HII region around gamma Cyg (Sadr). The alongside DSS image shows only the Butterfly Nebula, which is one of the brightest parts located to the east of gamma Cyg. The name Butterfly Nebula is also used for a planetary nebula in the constellation Ophiuchus (Oph) with the designation M2-9 (PK10+18.2).

8" f/6, 37x + HBeta, Bortle 5
Also visible with UHC filter with averted vision. The Butterfly Nebula was quite evident, crossed by the dark nebula LDN889. Around gammy Cyg (Sadr) there are some more, fainter brightenings visible. Unfortunately some clouds shortened this observation.
EASY

IC1364 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS I - 5×5'
Name: IC1364
Type: GLX
Constellation: Equ
Coordinates: 21h13m24.69s / +02°46'11.37"
Brightness / Size: b14.7 mag / 1.0x0.7'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: Rather faint, compact, round.
MODERATE

IC1368 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: IC1368, UGC11703
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Aqr
Coordinates: 21h14m12.59s / +02°10'40.69"
Brightness / Size: b14.3 mag / 1.3x0.5'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: Elongated, thin, very faint.
DIFFICULT

IC1392 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1392, UGC11772
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h35m32.69s / +35°23'54.17"
Brightness / Size: b13.0 mag / 1.7x1.4'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.8: Almost evident with averted vision, round, slight brightening toward the middle. Nicely embedded in the star chain.
MODERATE

IC1396 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 90×90'
Name: IC1396
Type: OC
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 21h39m00.00s / +57°29'24.00"
Brightness / Size: v3.5 mag / 89.0x89.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4+
Medium bright and bright stars widely scattered without any noticeable concentration toward the middle. However the cluster has slight contrast to the surrounding.
EASY

IC1396 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 90×90'
Name: IC1396
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 21h40m00.00s / +57°41'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 165.0x135.0'
8" f/6, 37x + [OIII], Bortle 4+
Very large, faint, rutted. Similar to NGC7000, but much more fainter.
EASY

IC1434 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: IC1434, Collinder 445, Melotte 239
Type: OC
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h10m33.40s / +52°50'33.70"
Brightness / Size: v9.0 mag / 8.0x8.0'
120mm f/5, 40x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.4
At 40x rather faint, evenly bright, appeared granular with averted vision. Three brighter stars form an obvious triangle in the southern part, another brighter star southeastwards. At 75x the cluster was less pleasing.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 18x evident with averted vision. Brighter star at the edge. At 40x outstanding chains of stars.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4+
Apparently higher star density. Consists of mainly fainter stars. At 100x interesting star chains standing out of the cluster.
EASY

IC1441 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1441
Type: GLX
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h15m19.13s / +37°18'05.42"
Brightness / Size: b15.3 mag / 1.2x0.5'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Very faint, relatively small, round brightening. Barely held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

IC1442 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: IC1442
Type: OC
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h16m30.00s / +54°03'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v9.1 mag / 5.0x5.0'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4+
Mainly medium bright and faint, loosely scattered members.
EASY

IC1454 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1454, Abell 81, PK117+18.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 22h42m25.00s / +80°26'31.96"
Brightness / Size: v14.8 mag / 0.6x0.6'
120mm f/5, 40x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Rather faint & small, roundish with fading edges (?). At 75x with UHC filter also quite well visible with averted vision. Not visible without any filter.

MODERATE
12.5" f/4.5, 160x + [OIII], Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3
Bright, still visible with direct vision, evenly bright, round, well defined.
EASY

IC1470 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1470, Sh2-156
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 23h05m09.90s / +60°14'31.00"
Brightness / Size: b11.5 mag / 2.0x2.0'
8" f/6, 37x + [OIII], Bortle 4 FAILED

IC1525 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1525, UGC12883
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 23h59m15.80s / +46°53'21.35"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 1.9x1.4'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Roundish, evenly bright. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

IC1550 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1550
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h24m27.67s / +38°11'08.54"
Brightness / Size: v14.1 mag / 0.9x0.9'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Appeared roundish to slightly oval.
MODERATE

IC1613 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS I - 17×17'
Name: IC1613, UGC668
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cet
Coordinates: 01h04m47.80s / +02°07'04.00"
Brightness / Size: v9.2 mag / 16.6x14.9'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.6: Background seemed to be somewhat brightened, but not seen for sure.
FAILED

IC1727 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: IC1727, UGC1249
Type: GLX
Constellation: Tri
Coordinates: 01h47m29.89s / +27°20'00.06"
Brightness / Size: v11.4 mag / 7.1x2.8'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.1
Oval, evenly bright and quite faint nebula without distinct core. Less evident.
MODERATE

IC1747 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: IC1747, PK130+1.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 01h57m35.73s / +63°19'18.33"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 0.3x0.3'
80mm f/6.25, 50x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.6
Very faint, compact, somewhat extended. Held with averted vision.

DIFFICULT
4.5" f/8, 90x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.6
Quite compact, round, extended, evenly bright. Well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
At 96x fairly small, evenly bright nebula, evident with averted vision. At 171x obviously extended and visible with direct vision.
EASY

IC1801 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC1801, UGC1936
Group: Arp276
Type: GLX
Constellation: Ari
Coordinates: 02h28m12.75s / +19°34'59.96"
Brightness / Size: v14.0 mag / 1.4x0.6'
North of IC 1801 is the fairly bright NGC935. Both galaxies are interacting (Arp276).

8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.3
Despite quite good conditions this galaxy stayed hidden to me. NGC935 on the other side was well visible with averted vision.
FAILED

IC2003 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2003, PK161-14.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 03h56m22.03s / +33°52'29.27"
Brightness / Size: v12.6 mag / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4-
At 37x stellar, at 96x slightly extended with averted vision. At 171x round, quite compact, but extended. Overall fairly bright. The nebula is located within a group of brighter stars, so it can be easily confused with a star. High magnification and detailed chart helps.
EASY

IC2149 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2149, PK166+10.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h56m23.86s / +46°06'17.50"
Brightness / Size: v10.6 mag / 0.2x0.1'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
Very bright, compact. At 37x stellar, barely perceptible with direct vision, at 100x extended. At 150x the nebula appeared slightly elongated (NE-SW).
EASY

IC2166 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2166, UGC3463
Type: GLX
Constellation: Lyn
Coordinates: 06h26m55.63s / +59°04'48.39"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 3.0x2.1'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Already seen at 37x as a very faint nebula. At 100x slightly oval, very faint, evenly bright. Fainter star southwest.
MODERATE

IC2179 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2179, UGC3750
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cam
Coordinates: 07h15m32.32s / +64°55'34.35"
Brightness / Size: v12.4 mag / 1.7x1.7'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5.2, SQM-L 19.6
At 100x quite compact and well condensed. At 150x much brighter, compact center.
MODERATE

IC2186 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2186, PGC20858
Type: GLX
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h22m43.16s / +21°30'47.19"
Brightness / Size: b15.1 mag / 1.0x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.0
Extremely faint brightening, barely perceptible and held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

IC2187 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2187, PGC20857
Type: GLX
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h22m43.31s / +21°29'00.19"
Brightness / Size: b15.3 mag / 0.8x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.0
Nothing seen for sure at 150x & 218x.
FAILED

IC2193 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2193, UGC3902
Type: GLX
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h33m23.72s / +31°29'00.82"
Brightness / Size: b14.7 mag / 1.6x0.9'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Quite faint, compact brightening (probably only the bright core area). Nearby 13.6m star (NE) distracted me.
DIFFICULT

IC2194 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2194, PGC21285
Type: GLX
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h33m40.20s / +31°20'03.83"
Brightness / Size: b15.1 mag / 1.1x0.4'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Compact brightening without perceptible elongation. Fairly well visible with averted vision.
MODERATE

IC2196 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2196, UGC3910
Type: GLX
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h34m09.75s / +31°24'21.21"
Brightness / Size: b14.0 mag / 1.5x1.2'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Roundish, becoming brighter toward the middle.
MODERATE

IC2199 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2199, UGC3915
Type: GLX
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h34m55.75s / +31°16'34.62"
Brightness / Size: b13.6 mag / 1.2x0.6'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Oval, evenly bright.
MODERATE

IC2201 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2201, UGC3926
Type: GLX
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h36m16.83s / +33°07'21.34"
Brightness / Size: v14.0 mag / 1.3x0.4'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0, SQM-L 20.9
Barely seen with averted vision as compact brightening (probably the brighter core).
DIFFICULT

IC2233 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2233, UGC4278
Type: GLX
Constellation: Lyn
Coordinates: 08h13m58.91s / +45°44'31.74"
Brightness / Size: v12.6 mag / 4.6x0.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5.2, SQM-L 19.6
At 100x just a hint of a galaxy at the limit of perception. At 150x the galaxy appeared as faint, elongated, thin glow. North of the galaxy an apparent field star.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Relatively easily seen as very faint, elongated & thin brightening with averted vision. Just an evenly bright glow. Nearby an interfering 10.16 mag star. Faint 13.15 mag star inside the nothern extension. Bright NGC2537 (Bear Paw) 17' northwest.
MODERATE

IC2329 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2329, UGC4365
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 08h22m19.48s / +19°24'57.51"
Brightness / Size: b15.0 mag / 2.2x0.3'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 20.7: Very faint, quite thin, elongated. Held with averted vision.
DIFFICULT

IC2340 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2340
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 08h23m30.04s / +18°44'57.47"
Brightness / Size: v13.9 mag / 1.0x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.6: Roundish to slightly oval, rather faint without any noticeable condensation.
MODERATE

IC2393 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2393, UGC4589
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 08h46m49.16s / +28°10'16.52"
Brightness / Size: b14.6 mag / 1.0x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.7: Oval, slightly condensed, fading very diffusely.
MODERATE

IC2428 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC2428, UGC4747
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 09h03m14.66s / +30°35'29.06"
Brightness / Size: b14.7 mag / 1.7x0.3'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 20.9: At 80x quite faint, elongated. At 150x relatively large, elongated, tapering endings, getting broader and slightly brighter towards the middle.
MODERATE

IC2574 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 11×11'
Name: IC2574, UGC5666
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 10h28m23.48s / +68°24'43.70"
Brightness / Size: v10.4 mag / 10.8x5.3'
8" f/6, 60x, Bortle 4
Elongated, extremely faint. Appeared as faint glow. Difficult to extract from background.
DIFFICULT

IC3365 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC3365, UGC7563
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h27m11.36s / +15°53'47.29"
Brightness / Size: v13.9 mag / 2.1x1.0'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4
Tried short at 150x & 210x without success.
FAILED

IC4593 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC4593, PK25+40.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Her
Coordinates: 16h11m44.54s / +12°04'17.06"
Brightness / Size: v10.8 mag / 0.3x0.3'
About 11 arcminutes southeastward lies the pretty bright double star STF2016.

120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.6: At 18x evident, but stellar. With [OIII] filter and without visible with direct vision. At 40x the nebula can be distinguished from a star. At 75x it appeared as a small, slightly turquoise colored disc.
EASY

IC4614 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC4614
Type: GLX
Constellation: Her
Coordinates: 16h37m47.19s / +36°06'54.32"
Brightness / Size: v14.5 mag / 0.8x0.6'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4+, NELM 6.3+, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: Unfortunately not seen, although the nearby NGC6197 was visible.
FAILED

IC4665 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 41×41'
Name: IC4665
Type: OC
Constellation: Oph
Coordinates: 17h46m18.00s / +05°43'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v4.2 mag / 41.0x41.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Evident, large. Scattered brighter and moderately bright stars without concentration toward the middle.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 5-, NELM 5.6
Very large, obvious. Some scattered brighter and moderately bright stars. About 15-20 stars.
EASY

IC4756 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 39×39'
Name: IC4756
Type: OC
Constellation: Ser
Coordinates: 18h39m00.00s / +05°27'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v4.6 mag / 39.0x39.0'
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 5-, NELM 5.6
Relatively obvious, large. Much higher star density in comparison to surrounding area. Mainly fainter, some moderately bright stars.
EASY

IC4846 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: IC4846, PK27-9.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h16m28.22s / -09°02'36.50"
Brightness / Size: v12.0 mag / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.4: At 37x well seen with averted vision, from 80x visible with direct vision. Stellar.
EASY

IC4996 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: IC4996
Type: OC
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h16m30.00s / +37°38'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v7.3 mag / 6.0x6.0'
120mm f/5, 40x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Apparent star with two nearby, fainter stars. Just some further, fainter stars visible, overall less evident. Also used 75x.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Less evident. Contains brighter and medium bright stars.
MODERATE

IC4997 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC4997, Henize 2-464, PK58-10.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Sge
Coordinates: 20h20m08.74s / +16°43'53.71"
Brightness / Size: v11.2 mag / -
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Appeared always stellar. At 37x almost visible with direct vision. At 100x evident with direct vision.
EASY

IC5006 (**)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: IC5006
Type: **
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 20h23m47.00s / +06°26'55.00"
Components: v14.5 mag / v15.1 mag / 6.0" / 210.0° / -
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
NELM 5.4+, SQM-L 20.6: I saw this 'double star' with averted vision just as a faint, stellar brightening.
MODERATE

IC5067 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 90×90'
Name: IC5067, IC5070, Pelican Nebula
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h51m30.00s / +44°05'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v8.0 mag / 60.0x50.0'
8" f/6, 37x + [OIII], Bortle 4
Relatively large, fainter than NGC7000, but nevertheless obvious, irregular shape with many differences in brightness. The evident stars 56 & 57 Cyg are located within the nebula. Northern part most evident.
EASY

IC5076 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: IC5076
Type: BN, EN, RN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h55m35.00s / +47°24'30.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 7.0x7.0'
8" f/6, 96x, Bortle 5+, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9 FAILED

IC5117 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC5117, PK89-5.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h32m30.97s / +44°35'47.50"
Brightness / Size: v13.3 mag / 0.1x0.1'
80mm f/6.25, 41x + UHC, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.6
Observation at full moon. I tried magnifications of 25x & 41x with UHC filter. Only the 9.96 mag star east of IC5117 was visible.

FAILED
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
Stellar, nearby a 9.96 mag star. Well seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

IC5146 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 15×15'
Name: IC5146, Sh2-125, Cocoon Nebula
Type: BN, EN, RN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h53m30.00s / +47°16'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v7.2 mag / 12.0x12.0'
8" f/6, 80x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Quite faint, roundish, evenly bright. Less evident with averted vision.
MODERATE

IC5180 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC5180, UGC11938
Type: GLX
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h11m12.02s / +38°55'38.46"
Brightness / Size: v13.3 mag / 1.1x0.9'
8" f/6, 133x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.8
SQM-L 20.7: Already seen at 66x as very faint, roundish nebula. At 133x well visible with averted vision, slightly brighter core.
MODERATE

IC5191 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: IC5191, UGC11963
Type: GLX
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h15m02.45s / +37°18'01.37"
Brightness / Size: b15.0 mag / 1.1x0.2'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Hard to hold, very faint. But I could saw an elongation (SW-NE).
DIFFICULT

IC5193 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: IC5193
Type: GLX
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h15m43.53s / +37°14'34.51"
Brightness / Size: b16.0 mag / 1.2x1.2'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Fairly faint, roundish with slightly brighter center. Despite the given, very low magnitude this galaxy was well feasible.
DIFFICULT

IC5217 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: IC5217, PK100-5.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h23m55.73s / +50°58'00.50"
Brightness / Size: v12.6 mag / 0.1x0.1'
120mm f/5, 75x + [OIII], Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
With filter barely visible with direct vision, without filter evident and easy to see with averted vision. Always seen as stellar brightening.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x + UHC, Bortle 5, SQM-L 20.6
At 37x stellar. Without filter well visible with averted vision, with UHC filter still visible with direct vision. At 150x without any filter seen with direct vision as small, evenly bright disc.
EASY

K3-27 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: K3-27, PK61+8.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Lyr
Coordinates: 19h14m29.97s / +28°40'45.49"
Brightness / Size: b14.3 mag / 0.2x0.2'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4+, SQM-L 21.3
Extremely faint, small, round. Barely held with averted vision. UHC filter had no effect.
DIFFICULT

K3-74 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: K3-74, Dd1, PK78+5.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h08m43.08s / +42°30'11.19"
Brightness / Size: - / 0.3x0.3'
8" f/6, 150x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1 FAILED

K4-8 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: K4-8, PK25-4.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Sct
Coordinates: 18h54m20.01s / -08°47'33.30"
Brightness / Size: b15.4 mag / -
12.5" f/4.5, 360x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 20.5: Curved chain of 4 stars more or less well visible, but the nebula stayed hidden. With only about 17° above horizon probably too low.
FAILED

Kemble1 (AST)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 120×120'
Name: Kemble1, Kemble's Cascade
Type: AST
Constellation: Cam
Coordinates: 03h57m30.00s / +63°04'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.0 mag / 180.0x180.0'
The DSS image shows only an extract of the region. On the southeastern end you can find the evident cluster NGC1502.

naked eye, Bortle 4
With the naked eye the prominent chain of brighter stars is well visible.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Starting from a 5.0m star there are two opposite chains of fainter stars. Brighter stars forms a widely extended chain, which can be followed over 2°. More an object for binoculars.
EASY

Kemble2 (AST)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 40×40'
Name: Kemble2, Little Cassiopeia
Type: AST
Constellation: Dra
Coordinates: 18h35m35.00s / +72°23'56.00"
Brightness / Size: v7.0 mag / 30.0x30.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
Quite evident group of stars, where 3 brighter stars were most obvious and form an isosceles triangle. Overall I could see 6 stars quite easily. But I didn't took care of the "little Cassiopeia".

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
Quite evident group of brighter and moderately bright stars. The "little Cassiopeia", formed by the brighter stars, was well visible. Overall I could see about 10-15 stars.
EASY

King 9 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: King 9
Type: OC
Constellation: Lac
Coordinates: 22h15m30.00s / +54°24'30.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 2.5x2.5'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 3, SQM-L 21.3 FAILED

King 10 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: King 10
Type: OC
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 22h55m01.20s / +59°10'12.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 3.0x3.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
At 37x quite evident as small, triangle-shaped, granular brightening. North an evident group of brighter stars, to the southeast 5 stars form a '5' of a dice over an area of about 15x15'. At 80x several faint members become visible, the background stays still diffuse. At 150x the cluster seems to be almost entirely resolved. A worthwile cluster in nice surrounding.
EASY

King 19 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: King 19
Type: OC
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 23h08m18.00s / +60°31'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v9.2 mag / 7.0x7.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
At 37x visible with averted vision just as a small, poor star cloud. Only one brighter star seen with direct vision. At 100x a couple of scattered stars.
MODERATE

Kronberger 54 (OC)

DSS
© DSS I - 5×5'
Name: Kronberger 54
Type: OC
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h03m07.90s / +31°58'01.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 1.0x1.0'
12.5" f/4.5, 205x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
Round, slightly condensed. Well seen with averted vision, but not evident.
MODERATE

LDN889 (DN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 90×90'
Name: LDN889
Group: Butterfly Nebula, Gamma Cygni Nebula
Type: DN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h27m13.10s / +40°05'54.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 90.0x20.0'
8" f/6, 37x + HBeta, Bortle 5
Unfortunately always upcoming high clouds. Nevertheless while observing the bright nebula IC1318 I could saw an evident dark lane between IC1318 and gamma Cyg with very few stars in comparison to the surrounding.
MODERATE

Leiter 5 (AST)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: Leiter 5, The Sword
Type: AST
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h33m30.00s / +11°42'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 12.0x4.0'
This asterism was discovered by Klaus Spruck and Stefan Schuchhardt. Many faint stars form a sword pointing to the north. Visually the asterism is more apparent than on the DSS image.

8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2
SQM-L 21.0: At 37x less evident. At 80x the 'sword' is quite apparent.
EASY

Leiter 15 (AST)

DSS
© DSS I - 5×5'
Name: Leiter 15
Type: AST
Constellation: Sct
Coordinates: 18h51m47.00s / -05°44'00.00"
Brightness / Size: - / 3.0x3.0'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.3: At 37x visible as a compact group of stars. At 80x the four brightest stars become visible. The southeastern chain of stars is at 80x faint, at 200x quite well visible with averted vision.
EASY

LQ Cyg (C*)

Name: LQ Cyg
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h46m38.68s / +52°34'02.88"
Brightness: B13.4-14.5mag
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.4
2016-10-05: At 37x rather faint, appeared orange. At 80x occasionally deep orange colored, medium bright, but moderately conspicuous.
ORANGE COLORED

LW Cyg (C*)

Name: LW Cyg
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h55m13.77s / +50°29'49.73"
Brightness: b12.3-14.5mag
In another source I found a visual brightness of about 8.5 to 8.8 mag, which seem to vary slowly.

8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
2014-01-01: At 37x moderately bright, very colorful, reddish, evident. At 100x purple colored.

RED COLORED
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.6
2015-07-01: Observation at full moon. At 25x light red, rather faint. At 41x obviously red colored.
RED COLORED

LX Cyg (C*)

Name: LX Cyg
Type: *, C*, V*
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h55m57.03s / +48°20'52.57"
Brightness: v9.1-15.1mag (588d)
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.4
2016-10-04: Not seen.

M1 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M1, NGC1952, Crab Nebula
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Tau
Coordinates: 05h34m31.94s / +22°00'52.20"
Brightness / Size: v8.4 mag / 8.0x4.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5, SQM-L 18.9
SQM-L 18.5: Only a miserable try ;-)

FAILED
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Relatively small, roundish, evenly bright. Fairly well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6
Obvious as slightly oval, evenly bright nebula.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
At 37x oval, evenly bright. Near the edges slight darkening outwardly. At 100x irregular shape. Slight differences in brightness within the nebula were guessable. At 150x mottled. On the eastern edge I could saw a dark notch with averted vision.
EASY

M1-64 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-64, PK64+15.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Lyr
Coordinates: 18h50m02.09s / +35°14'36.10"
Brightness / Size: v13.3 mag / 0.4x0.4'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 80x very compact and rather conspicuous with averted vision. At 150x round, evenly bright, small. UHC filter helps a bit.
MODERATE

M1-66 (PN)

DSS
© DSS I - 5×5'
Name: M1-66, PK32-2.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 18h58m26.24s / -01°03'45.60"
Brightness / Size: v13.0 mag / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.4: Stellar at any used magnification. At 80x without filter well visible with averted vision, at 150x with UHC filter evident with direct vision.
EASY

M1-73 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-73, Henize 2-443, PK51-3.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h41m09.29s / +14°56'58.80"
Brightness / Size: b13.7 mag / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
At 100x almost stellar, at 150x seen as very compact brightening. UHC and [OIII] filter increase the visibility a bit.
MODERATE

M1-74 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-74, Henize 2-445, PK52-4.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Aql
Coordinates: 19h42m18.78s / +15°09'08.30"
Brightness / Size: b12.8 mag / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 100x + [OIII], Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
Stellar and well visible with averted vision. With [OIII] filter only slightly better and almost visible with direct vision.
EASY

M1-77 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-77, PK89-2.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h19m07.37s / +46°18'47.15"
Brightness / Size: - / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
Well visible with averted vision. Stellar.
MODERATE

M1-79 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-79, PK93-2.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h37m01.50s / +48°56'02.62"
Brightness / Size: v13.2 mag / 0.6x0.5'
8" f/6, 100x + UHC, Bortle 5
Well visible with averted vision, obviously extended, slightly oval.
MODERATE

M1-80 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-80, PK107-2.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 22h56m19.91s / +57°09'21.07"
Brightness / Size: b13.4 mag / 0.1x0.1'
8" f/6, 100x + UHC, Bortle 5, SQM-L 20.5
With UHC filter very small, roundish brightening near to a field star. With [OIII] filter the nebula appeared slightly larger.
MODERATE

M1-92 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M1-92, Minkowski's Footprint, Footprint Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 19h36m18.83s / +29°32'50.86"
Brightness / Size: v11.8 mag / 0.3x0.1'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 80x stellar, at 200x still very compact and barely visible with direct vision. At 200x with UHC filter the nebula appeared a bit larger.
EASY

M2 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 16×16'
Name: M2, NGC7089
Type: GC
Constellation: Aqr
Coordinates: 21h33m27.02s / -00°49'23.70"
Brightness / Size: v6.2 mag / 16.0x16.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Very bright. At 200x the outer region appeared slightly granulous.
EASY

M2-51 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M2-51, PK103+0.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 22h16m03.89s / +57°28'33.75"
Brightness / Size: v13.5 mag / 1.2x1.2'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 6-, SQM-L 18.9
Roundish, appeared slightly brighter toward the middle, but overall rather evenly bright. Higher magnification up to 200x didn't show more details. At 200x without any filter the nebula was not visible.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.9, SQM-L 20.7
At 80x rather small, roundish, quite faint with diffuse edges. At 150x well visible with averted vision, slightly condensed. Glimpsed a stellar brightening within the nebula (central star?). Filter (UHC or [OIII]) helps, especially near cities.
MODERATE

M2-52 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M2-52, PK103+0.2
Type: PN
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 22h20m30.43s / +57°36'19.64"
Brightness / Size: v14.0 mag / 0.2x0.2'
8" f/6, 150x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2 FAILED

M2-55 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: M2-55, PK116+8.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 23h31m52.71s / +70°22'10.11"
Brightness / Size: v14.3 mag / 1.0x0.8'
120mm f/5, 75x + UHC, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Very faint, roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

M3 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 18×18'
Name: M3, NGC5272
Type: GC
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h42m11.62s / +28°22'38.20"
Brightness / Size: v6.4 mag / 18.0x18.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.0
Compact with well defined edges. Very bright.

EASY
B 50mm, 7x, Bortle 8, NELM 4.0
Despite of massive light pollution (city & half moon) and large exit pupil of 7mm I could easily see M3 with direct vision as a quite small, but bright nebula.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 7
Apparent with direct vision due to the bright, well defined center. Outer regions much fainter. At 62x the outer regions seemed slightly granulous.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 50x, Bortle 5
At 50x the outer regions appeared granulous, at 100x quite well resolvable.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.1
Hazy sky, 1/3 moon: At 18x well defined, very bright center. The edge regions appear granular with averted vision. At 75x the edge regions are partly resolved, the cluster itself appears granular. The center is very compact.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Extremely bright center. Outer regions granulous. At 150x the cluster was resolvable close to the center, especially the outer regions. The center was still granulous.
EASY

M4 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 26×26'
Name: M4, NGC6121
Type: GC
Constellation: Sco
Coordinates: 16h23m35.22s / -26°31'32.70"
Brightness / Size: v5.4 mag / 26.0x26.0'
4.5" f/8, 72x, Bortle 6+
Already seen at 28x as very faint brightening with averted vision. At 72x fairly well seen with averted vision, granularity not clearly perceptible. Separated stars were not visible.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.5, SQM-L 21.6
Relatively large, slight brightening toward the middle with a less distinct center. The outer regions were partially resolved. At 100x the cluster was widely resolvable, whereas the center appeared still diffuse. An evident chain of brighter stars goes through the center. Overall a more loose cluster in comparison to other prominent globular clusters, why the cluster appears a bit fainter.
EASY

M4-17 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M4-17, PK79+5.1
Type: PN
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h09m01.93s / +43°43'43.54"
Brightness / Size: b14.5 mag / 0.3x0.3'
8" f/6, 80x + [OIII], Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Round, evenly bright. At 150x also without filter visible, but faint.
MODERATE

M5 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 23×23'
Name: M5, NGC5904
Type: GC
Constellation: Ser
Coordinates: 15h18m33.22s / +02°04'51.70"
Brightness / Size: v6.0 mag / 23.0x23.0'
16" f/4.5, 225x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.7: Resolved deep into the center, whereby the background appeared still diffuse. In the outer regions many star chains visible.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.7: Very bright. Much brighter, sharply defined center. Scattered stars visible in the edge regions, otherwise more granulous. At 150x the edge regions are well resolved, center still compact.
EASY

M8 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: M8, NGC6523, Lagoon Nebula
Type: BN, EN, RN
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 18h03m37.00s / -24°23'12.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.0 mag / 60.0x40.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Evident brightening with an embedded, slightly curved chain of 4 stars.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x + UHC, Bortle 4
Unfortunately quite low altitude with high light pollution. Without any filter only the brightest part was visible. The involved open cluster NGC6530 was more obvious. With UHC filter the nebula popped out and many details could be seen. Very impressive is the dark lane, which divides the nebula into two parts. Also the use of a [HBeta] filter preserves many details and gave a nice view.
EASY

M9 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 12×12'
Name: M9, NGC6333
Type: GC
Constellation: Oph
Coordinates: 17h19m11.78s / -18°30'58.50"
Brightness / Size: v8.4 mag / 12.0x12.0'
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6+
Bright, compact center, not resolvable. Barely seen with direct vision.
EASY

M10 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 20×20'
Name: M10, NGC6254
Type: GC
Constellation: Oph
Coordinates: 16h57m09.05s / -04°06'01.10"
Brightness / Size: v6.6 mag / 20.0x20.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Very evident. Round, diffuse with much brighter center.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6+
Very bright, compact center. Glimpsed a few scattered stars at 72x in the edge regions.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
At 37x very well condensed, getting much more fainter towards the edges. The edge regions were partly resolved, otherwise granulous. At 150x many stars visible, also near the center. The cluster appeared almost like an open cluster.
EASY

M11 (OC)

DSS
© DSS I - 20×20'
Name: M11, NGC6705, Wild Duck Cluster
Type: OC
Constellation: Sct
Coordinates: 18h51m05.00s / -06°16'12.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.8 mag / 14.0x14.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Very evident. Round, diffuse, brightening toward the middle.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Already resolvable at lower magnification with many fainter stars. A bit outside of the center an evident bright star. At 96x awesome view! Background appears still diffuse. Many chains and groups of stars, so the cluster appears irregular.
EASY

M12 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 16×16'
Name: M12, NGC6218
Type: GC
Constellation: Oph
Coordinates: 16h47m14.18s / -01°56'54.70"
Brightness / Size: v6.1 mag / 16.0x16.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Evident. Round, diffuse with brighter center.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6+
Center much brighter than outer regions. At 28x an evident star at the edge of the cluster. Not resolvable. Glimpsed some scattered stars at 100x in the outermost regions, otherwise the cluster seemed more granulous.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
At 37x pretty well condensed, nicely embedded in a group of stars. The cluster appeared already granulous with averted vision and showed an irregular shape. At 150x the edge regions are quite well resolved, the cluster itself appeared irregular. It looked as if an open cluster is in the foreground.
EASY

M13 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 24×24'
Name: M13, NGC6205
Type: GC
Constellation: Her
Coordinates: 16h41m41.63s / +36°27'40.75"
Brightness / Size: v5.8 mag / 23.2x23.2'
One of the most beautiful globular cluster of the northern hemisphere. Nearby you can find the fairly bright galaxy NGC6207 with a distance of less than 30'.

naked eye, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
Fairly well seen with averted vision as small, diffuse brightening.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.3
Obvious, relatively large, moderately concentrated.

EASY
B 50mm, 7x, Bortle 8, NELM 4.0
Despite of massive light pollution (city & half moon) and large exit pupil of 7mm I could easily see M13 with direct vision as a quite small, but bright nebula.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 40x, Bortle 5, SQM-L 20.7
At 40x the edge regions partially resolved. At 90x the cluster was quite well resolved close to the center.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6+
Very bright. At 28x the edge regions appeared granulous, at 100x they could be partially resolved. Scattered stars within the center were visible. Otherwise granular.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.1
Hazy sky, 1/3 moon: At 18x very bright, diffuse, granular with averted vision. At 75x the edge regions are resolved, whereby the background stays nebulous.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Awesome view! Widely resolved at 37x. From 100x the cluster is resolved deep into the center. Incredible count of stars and star chains.
EASY

M14 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 11×11'
Name: M14, NGC6402
Type: GC
Constellation: Oph
Coordinates: 17h37m36.15s / -03°14'45.30"
Brightness / Size: v8.3 mag / 11.0x11.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Round, diffuse, more faint without distinct center. Barely visible with direct vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.2
Very bright, well condensed. Edge regions resolved with averted vision, otherwise granulous.
EASY

M15 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 18×18'
Name: M15, NGC7078
Type: GC
Constellation: Peg
Coordinates: 21h29m58.33s / +12°10'01.20"
Brightness / Size: v6.2 mag / 18.0x18.0'
naked eye, Bortle 4+, NELM 6.3+, SQM-L 21.2
I saw a nearly stellar brightening, but this could also be the nearby 6.1 mag star. So I am not sure.

FAILED
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
Evident with direct vision, but almost stellar. Can be easily confused with a star. With averted vision slightly extended. Only the bright, compact center was visible.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5
Bright, quite well defined center with fainter outer regions. At 112x the outer regions appeared with averted vision granulous and I could glimpse some single stars.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.8: At 37x very bright, compact center. The outer regions appeared granulous with averted vision. At 80x the outer regions are well resolvable, otherwise the cluster appeared more granulous. At 150x the cluster was resolvable close to the center. The center itself appeared still compact and wasn't resolved. The outer regions were irregular with many star chains.
EASY

M16 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 100×100'
Name: M16, IC4703, Eagle Nebula
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Ser
Coordinates: 18h18m48.00s / -13°48'24.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.4 mag / -
8" f/6, 37x + UHC, Bortle 4
Due to evident light pollution moderate conditions. Fairly well visible with averted vision. The nebula appeared irregular, whereby 3 triangle-like parts with outward corners come together. The shape of an eagle with spreaded wings was imaginable. However the embedded open cluster NGC 6611 was more evident.
MODERATE

M16 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 7×7'
Name: M16, NGC6611
Group: Eagle Nebula
Type: OC
Constellation: Ser
Coordinates: 18h18m48.00s / -13°48'24.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.0 mag / 7.0x7.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Diffuse, not resolved. Some brighter stars at the edge.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Evident cluster with fairly bright members. With an UHC-Filter the nebula appeared as a quite faint, evenly bright glow, in wich the cluster is nicely embedded.
EASY

M17 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 60×60'
Name: M17, NGC6618, Omega Nebula, Swan Nebula
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 18h20m47.00s / -16°10'18.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.0 mag / -
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Evident, slightly elongated, evenly bright.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Despite brightened sky the nebula is very obvious even without any filter due to its high surface brightness. With filter increasing contrast. Awesome view. Also different filters (UHC, [HBeta]) show interesting details. The swan shape is with and without a filter easily visible.
EASY

M18 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 15×15'
Name: M18, NGC6613
Type: OC
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 18h19m58.00s / -17°06'06.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.9 mag / 9.0x9.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Very compact, bright, not resolved.
EASY

M22 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 32×32'
Name: M22, NGC6656
Type: GC
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 18h36m23.94s / -23°54'17.10"
Brightness / Size: v6.2 mag / 32.0x32.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Very bright, evident, large, getting much more brighter toward the middle.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.5
At 18x very bright and large, getting brighter toward the middle, but without distinct center. At 40x with averted vision partly resolved, partly granular. At 75x well resolved.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5+
Wonderful cluster. At 37x the edge regions are well resolvable, at 133x resolved close to the center. The cluster showed several star patterns, so that the cluster appeared irregular.
EASY

M23 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 40×40'
Name: M23, NGC6494
Type: OC
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 17h57m04.00s / -18°59'06.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.5 mag / 27.0x27.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Evident with apparently bright 6.48 mag star northwest. Cluster appeared round, diffuse with slight concentration toward the middle. With averted vision some outstanding stars.
EASY

M24 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 120×120'
Name: M24, IC4715, Small Sagittarius Star Cloud
Type: OC
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 18h16m48.00s / -18°33'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v3.1 mag / 95.0x35.0'
Messier 24 is a large star cloud in our Milky Way.

naked eye, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Seen with direct vision as oval brightening.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Oval, rich with some brighter stars, but the background appeared still diffuse.
EASY

M25 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 35×35'
Name: M25, IC4725
Type: OC
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 18h31m47.00s / -19°07'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v4.6 mag / 29.0x29.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Less condensed, rather small. Mainly consists of brighter stars. Almost completely resolved.
EASY

M26 (OC)

DSS
© DSS I - 15×15'
Name: M26, NGC6694
Type: OC
Constellation: Sct
Coordinates: 18h45m18.00s / -09°23'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v8.9 mag / 15.0x15.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x evident as a small cloud, whereas about 5 stars are visible with direct vision. At 96x some fainter stars apparent. Overall quite small, more loose. A chain of fainter stars stands out of the cluster.
EASY

M27 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: M27, NGC6853, PK60-3.1, Dumbbell Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Vul
Coordinates: 19h59m36.38s / +22°43'15.75"
Brightness / Size: v7.5 mag / 8.0x5.7'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.3
Evident. Almost evenly bright, roundish nebula.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 40x, Bortle 5, SQM-L 20.7
Large, dumbbell shape quite well visible, uneven distribution of brightness.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0
Very bright and large, At 28x the dumbbell shape rudimentarily perceptible. At 75x awesome view. Differences in brightness within the nebula well seen with averted vision. The shape was more irregular. Looks like a two-sided bitten apple.
EASY

M28 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 12×12'
Name: M28, NGC6626
Type: GC
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 18h24m32.89s / -24°52'11.40"
Brightness / Size: v7.7 mag / 11.2x11.2'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 20.9
Much smaller und fainter than Messier 22. Compact, not resolved. Barely seen with direct vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright and compact. Even at higher magnification (200x) it appeared diffuse. Besides the bright core I could see at 133x also the fainter outer regions quite well.
EASY

M29 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: M29, NGC6913
Type: OC
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 20h23m56.00s / +38°31'24.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.6 mag / 7.0x7.0'
A less apparent cluster when using a telescope. Best view for me gives binoculars, where it appears as a quite evident star cloud. Also well observable from city.

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0
Easily visible as fairly small, diffuse brightening.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Relatively small, compact star cloud, where I could separate 2 stars.

EASY
S 60mm, 23x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0
Observed with 60mm spotting scope. About 5 stars barely perceptible with direct vision. With averted vision evident as small star concentration.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 6-, SQM-L 19.5
Not so evident, rather compact group of 6 stars, whereby 4 of them form a trapezium.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
More comparable to a small star concentration of about 6 stars than a cluster.
EASY

M30 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 9×9'
Name: M30, NGC7099
Type: GC
Constellation: Cap
Coordinates: 21h40m22.12s / -23°10'47.50"
Brightness / Size: v7.7 mag / 8.9x8.9'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Still visible with direct vision. Not resolved. Getting much brighter toward the middle. Two star chains in a steep angle extend into the edge of the cluster.
EASY

M31 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: M31, NGC224, UGC454, Andromeda Galaxy
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h42m44.33s / +41°16'07.50"
Brightness / Size: v3.4 mag / 186.2x61.7'
naked eye, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
Easily visible with direct vision, evident, brighter core, obviously elongated.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
Very bright, round core, surrounded by a likewise bright, oval halo. The fainter outer regions can followed over 2°, if the conditions are good. With averted vision west of the core 2 dust lanes are prominent, nearly parallel and slightly curved.
EASY

M32 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: M32, NGC221, UGC452, Arp168
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h42m41.83s / +40°51'54.61"
Brightness / Size: v8.1 mag / 8.5x6.5'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
Relatively well seen with direct vision, but nearly stellar.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 6
Very bright and compact. Can be confused with a star. At higher magnification clearly extended.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Round with very bright, stellar core, becoming weaker toward the edge.
EASY

M33 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS I - 69×69'
Name: M33, NGC598, UGC1117, H5.17, Triangulum Galaxy, Pinwheel Galaxy
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Tri
Coordinates: 01h33m50.90s / +30°39'35.79"
Brightness / Size: v5.7 mag / 68.7x41.6'
naked eye, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
With good transparency and averted vision almost obvious, if you are little expierenced. M33 was seen as a relatively small, diffuse brightening.

MODERATE
naked eye, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.8
Highly depends on the actual conditions. With averted vision seen as very faint brightening.

DIFFICULT
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
Obvious, oval, diffuse, slightly brighter core.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 4
Large, oval, diffuse with brighter nucleus.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Large, oval, becoming weaker toward the edge. Mottled, tendency of spiral structure. During next visit I will take more time for studying ;)

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3+, SQM-L 21.4
Spiral structures very evident! Incredible view. The emission nebula NGC604 was also obvious with direct vision.
EASY

M34 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 35×35'
Name: M34, NGC1039
Type: OC
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 02h42m05.00s / +42°45'42.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.2 mag / 35.0x35.0'
naked eye, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
Easily seen as diffuse brightening with averted vision.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
More scattered with moderately bright stars, good contrast to the surrounding.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7
Good contrast to the surrounding area. Scattered brighter stars, slight concentrating toward the middle. Within the center some star chains.
EASY

M35 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 60×60'
Name: M35, NGC2168
Type: OC
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 06h08m54.00s / +24°20'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.1 mag / 28.0x28.0'
Very nice cluster. Particularly interesting is the contrast to the nearby open cluster NGC2158 (DSS image down right) southwest of M35, which appears in an aperture of 8 inch as a small, diffuse brightening.

naked eye, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Easily visible as quite large, diffuse brightening with averted vision.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 4.8+, SQM-L 19.3
Quite evident, partly resolved, about 5 stars visible, background still diffuse, relatively large.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Beautiful cluster, partly resolved, background still nebulous.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Rich with very good contrast to the surrounding. Contains particularly moderately bright and fainter stars.
EASY

M36 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: M36, NGC1960
Type: OC
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h36m18.00s / +34°08'24.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.0 mag / 12.0x12.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5, SQM-L 18.9
SQM-L 18.5: Apparent with brighter center, appeared relatively small.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Evident, round, diffuse brightening with rather compact, brighter center. Several stars seen with averted vision, background still diffuse. Somewhat smaller than M38. Together with M37 & M38 an awesome view.

EASY
B 70mm, 15x, Bortle 4
Despite an altitude of 11° easily seen. Obvious, bright, diffuse, not resolved.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.9
Quite evident, consists of brighter and moderately bright stars, slightly concentrated toward the middle, irregular, outstanding star chain.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Good contrast to the surrounding. In comparison to M37 and M38 fairly poor with some brighter and fainter stars arranged in chains. Slight concentrating toward the middle.
EASY

M37 (OC)

DSS
© DSS I - 30×30'
Name: M37, NGC2099
Type: OC
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h52m18.00s / +32°33'12.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.6 mag / 24.0x24.0'
Awesome under dark skies. Under light polluted skies the cluster gets more lost due to its fainter members.

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5, SQM-L 18.9
SQM-L 18.5: Barely visible with direct vision, relatively large, diffuse, somewhat brighter center.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Evident, round, relatively large, diffuse brightening with somewhat brighter center. Not resolvable. Together with M36 & M38 an awesome view.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.9
Evident, but overall quite faint. Many fainter members visible with averted vision, similar in brightness, almost evenly distributed.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 6, SQM-L 19.3
At 18x central star quite obvious, cluster itself appeared more as a granulous, almost round brightening. At 50x well resolvable with many faint members.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very evident. Extremely rich with mainly fainter stars. In the center a brighter, orange colored star is evident. Poor regions within the cluster, stars itself arranged in groups and chains.
EASY

M38 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 30×30'
Name: M38, NGC1912
Type: OC
Constellation: Aur
Coordinates: 05h28m43.00s / +35°51'18.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.4 mag / 21.0x21.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5, SQM-L 18.9
SQM-L 18.5: Relatively faint, evenly bright, diffuse.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Evident, almost evenly bright, irregular shape. Some stars seen with averted vision, otherwise diffuse. Somewhat larger than M36. Together with M36 & M37 an awesome view.

EASY
B 70mm, 15x, Bortle 4
Altitude of about 13°. Similar to M36, but larger and fainter. Relatively evident, diffuse, not resolved.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 20x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.6
Concentrated toward the center with radial star chains, so that the shape of the cluster appears irregular. At 50x there was an apparent star in the center with no stars in the direct vicinity (like a hole in the center).

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.9
Rather faint members. The cluster is more dominated by star chains, so it appears more irregular.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Quite concentrated toward the middle, star rich, mainly moderately bright and fainter stars.
EASY

M39 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 45×45'
Name: M39, NGC7092
Type: OC
Constellation: Cyg
Coordinates: 21h31m48.00s / +48°26'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v4.6 mag / 32.0x32.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.3
Somewhat conspicuous, resolved with about 10-15 moderately bright stars without any noticeable condensation. 3 stars in a row flank the cluster NE. Appeared overall rather small.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Some brighter and moderately bright stars spread over a large fiel. Nevertheless quite obvious compared to the surrounding. Probably more an object for binoculars.
EASY

M41 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 40×40'
Name: M41, NGC2287
Type: OC
Constellation: CMa
Coordinates: 06h46m01.00s / -20°45'24.00"
Brightness / Size: v4.5 mag / 38.0x38.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Evident, partly resolved with very good contrast to the surroundings. Few members with direct vision, with averted vision many faint members.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
Evident, concentrated towards the middle. Brighter and moderately bright stars arranged in chains. Slightly aside of the center an orange colored star. Visual size about 30'.
EASY

M42 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 90×90'
Name: M42, NGC1976, Orion Nebula
Type: BN, EN, RN
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h35m17.30s / -05°23'28.00"
Brightness / Size: v4.0 mag / 90.0x60.0'
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 18.9
NELM 4.1+: Already pleasant without any filter with some details. With UHC and [OIII] impressive view with many details despite urban skies. Especially the southeastern wing was very great.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Must be seen. Hardly describable ;-)
EASY

M43 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 30×30'
Name: M43, NGC1982, H3.1
Type: BN, EN
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h35m31.00s / -05°16'12.00"
Brightness / Size: v7.0 mag / 20.0x15.0'
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6
Even under urban conditions with small aperture fairly well seen as faint brightening.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Get lost in the brilliance of the great orion nebula. In comparison fairly small & faint, nearly evenly bright. Located slightly asymmetrical around a 6.75m star. Obvious more easily with averted vision.
EASY

M44 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 95×95'
Name: M44, NGC2632, Praesepe, Beehive Cluster
Type: OC
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 08h40m24.00s / +19°40'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v3.1 mag / 95.0x95.0'
naked eye, Bortle 4
Very evident as large, slightly oval, diffuse brightening. Easily seen with direct vision.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Wonderful cluster for small binoculars. Completely resolved.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0
Due to the quite large field of view of about 2.4° I got a nice view on M44. Many brighter and some moderately bright stars widely scattered.
EASY

M45 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 120×120'
Name: M45, Pleiades, Seven Sisters
Type: OC
Constellation: Tau
Coordinates: 03h47m00.00s / +24°07'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v1.6 mag / 100.0x100.0'
Very nice, bright cluster, but mostly too large for a telescope. Around the brighter stars the embedded reflection nebulas are quite easily visible under dark skies.

naked eye, Bortle 4
Very obvious as small star group. Even under urban skies easily visible with the unaided eye.

EASY
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
A wonderful view :)
EASY

M46 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 35×35'
Name: M46, NGC2437
Type: OC
Constellation: Pup
Coordinates: 07h41m46.00s / -14°48'36.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.1 mag / 27.0x27.0'
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.3: Obviously fainter than Messier 47, but with much more members. Well condensed, partly resolved.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4+
Large, extremely rich cluster with many fainter and moderately bright stars. Very good contrast to the surrounding, concentrated toward the center, containing chains of stars. Very nice in combination with the embedded planetary NGC2438, which is located north of the center!
EASY

M47 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 40×40'
Name: M47, NGC2422, H8.38
Type: OC
Constellation: Pup
Coordinates: 07h36m35.00s / -14°29'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v4.4 mag / 30.0x30.0'
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.3: Evident, loose cluster with good contrast to the surrounding. Consists of rather brighter stars.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4+
Some bright and moderately bright stars arranged in chains. No distinct concentration noticed, more scattered. Some stars appeared orange colored.
EASY

M48 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 80×80'
Name: M48, NGC2548, H6.22
Type: OC
Constellation: Hya
Coordinates: 08h13m43.00s / -05°45'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.8 mag / 54.0x54.0'
120mm f/5, 18x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.3: Evident, well concentrated, very rich. Very good contrast to the surroundings. With averted vision many fainter stars visible. The cluster appeared asymmetrical.
EASY

M49 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 11×11'
Name: M49, NGC4472, UGC7629
Group: Arp134, Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h29m46.80s / +08°00'01.48"
Brightness / Size: v8.3 mag / 10.2x8.3'
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 7
Still visible with direct vision but less evident. Roundish, brightening toward the middle.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Very bright, slightly oval nucleus with faint halo.
EASY

M50 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 25×25'
Name: M50, NGC2323
Type: OC
Constellation: Mon
Coordinates: 07h02m47.50s / -08°20'16.00"
Brightness / Size: v5.9 mag / 16.0x16.0'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 5+
Fairly obvious, well concentrated toward the middle compared to the surrounding. At the edges some moderately bright stars, whereas the center contains more fainter stars. At 37x the background appeared slightly diffuse. On the southern edge a brighter, orange colored star.
EASY

M51 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: M51, NGC5194, UGC8493, Whirlpool Galaxy
Group: Arp85
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h29m52.70s / +47°11'42.93"
Brightness / Size: v8.4 mag / 11.2x6.9'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Round, evenly bright, rather faint, less apparent.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Barely visible with direct vision, evident with averted vision. Round, evenly bright.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Round with bright, very compact core, otherwise evenly bright.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 75x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Apparent with direct vision. Very bright, compact core surrounded by a large, nearly evenly bright, round halo.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
At 37x bright, stellar core with round, relatively faint halo. At 100x with averted vision two evident spiral arms, winding widely around the core. A foreground star southwest of the core within the halo.
EASY

M52 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 20×20'
Name: M52, NGC7654
Type: OC
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 23h24m48.00s / +61°35'36.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.9 mag / 13.0x13.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Round, diffuse, evenly bright. A brighter star at the western edge.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0
The brighter star on the western edge evident. M52 itself easily visible as roundish, diffuse brightening. With averted vision many fainter stars perceptible.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Relatively small, rich cluster with mainly moderately bright and fainter stars. Very good contrast to the surrounding. On the western edge a brighter, orange colored star.
EASY

M53 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: M53, NGC5024
Type: GC
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 13h12m55.25s / +18°10'05.40"
Brightness / Size: v7.8 mag / 14.4x14.4'
B 40mm, 8x, NELM 4.3+
Relatively small, slight brightening toward the middle.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, NELM 5.0
Moon (60% illuminated): Despite the rather low altitude of about 35° above the horizon the globular cluster was easily visible at 28x and very evident. It appeared round with much brighter center. Not resolvable.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Very bright, extended and relatively sharply defined center. Outer regions much more fainter. At 150x the outer regions were resolved, the center was more granulous.
EASY

M56 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: M56, NGC6779
Type: GC
Constellation: Lyr
Coordinates: 19h16m35.57s / +30°11'00.50"
Brightness / Size: v8.3 mag / 8.8x8.8'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.3
Fairly well seen with averted vision as round, condensed brightening.

MODERATE
S 60mm, 23x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0
Observed with a cheap 60mm spotting scope. Roundish, slight brightening toward the middle. Not resolvable. Fairly well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
80mm f/6.25, 83x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0
Already seen at 25x as roundish brightening with averted vision. At 83x slight brightening toward the middle. Barely seen with direct vision. Diffuse.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Less evident center. At 171x some scattered stars in the edge regions visible, otherwise more granulous. Background still diffuse.
EASY

M57 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M57, NGC6720, PK63+13.1, Ring Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Lyr
Coordinates: 18h53m35.08s / +33°01'45.03"
Brightness / Size: v8.8 mag / 1.4x1.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.3
Quite faint, stellar. Anything but obvious.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Stellar. Fairly well seen with averted vision. Detailed finder chart is highly recommended due to similarly bright stars in the surrounding!

MODERATE
80mm f/6.25, 33x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.8, SQM-L 20.7
Oval shape. Darkening toward the middle with averted vision.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7+
At 28x evident and obviously extended, slightly oval. Darkening toward the middle nearly perceptible. Appeared at 75x as a wreath of smoke like a coffee bean.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Oval ring, like a coffee bean. Longer sides a bit wider & brighter.
EASY

M58 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M58, NGC4579, UGC7796
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h37m43.60s / +11°49'05.12"
Brightness / Size: v9.7 mag / 6.0x4.8'
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
At 28x faint, roundish, rather evenly bright. At 60x bright, compact nucleus with elongated core area and round halo.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.8: Oval with much brighter, also oval central area.
EASY

M59 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M59, NGC4621, UGC7858
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h42m02.32s / +11°38'48.95"
Brightness / Size: v9.7 mag / 5.4x3.7'
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
At 28x roundish, rather small. At 60x very bright, compact center with roundish (?), faint halo. Barely seen with direct vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.8: Oval with much brighter center. Central area also slightly oval with very compact core.
EASY

M60 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M60, NGC4649, UGC7898
Group: Arp116, Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h43m40.01s / +11°33'09.40"
Brightness / Size: v8.8 mag / 7.4x6.0'
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
At 60x very bright center with fainter, slightly oval halo. At 28x the galaxy appeared more roundish.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.8: Very bright, round, extended core area with large, fainter, round halo. Of course also well visible at low power.
EASY

M61 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: M61, NGC4303, UGC7420, H1.139
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h21m54.95s / +04°28'24.92"
Brightness / Size: v9.7 mag / 6.2x5.9'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Bright, round nucleus.
EASY

M63 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 13×13'
Name: M63, NGC5055, UGC8334
Group: M51 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 13h15m49.33s / +42°01'45.44"
Brightness / Size: v8.6 mag / 12.6x7.5'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Fairly well seen with averted vision, evenly bright, oval.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Clearly oval shape with very bright, round and fairly compact core. Sharply defined to south. Halo to north little more extended and blend more diffuse into background.
EASY

M64 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: M64, NGC4826, UGC8062, Black Eye Galaxy
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h56m43.70s / +21°40'57.57"
Brightness / Size: v8.5 mag / 10.0x5.4'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Appeared more roundish & evenly bright. Well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Bright, slightly oval center with oval, fainter halo.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x very bright, nearly stellar core with oval halo. Orientation NW-SE. At 100x bright, stellar core. Galaxy seems mottled arround the core. At 171x northeast of the core an obvious, slightly curved dark area (= black eye).
EASY

M65 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: M65, NGC3623, UGC6328
Group: Arp317, M66 Group, Leo Triplet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h18m55.96s / +13°05'31.96"
Brightness / Size: v9.2 mag / 8.7x2.5'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2

FAILED
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7+
Fairly thin, elongated, nearly evenly bright. Barely seen with direct vision. At 100x the core is brighter and seems also slightly elongated.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very elongated with brighter, compact core.
EASY

M66 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: M66, NGC3627, UGC6346, Arp16
Group: Arp317, M66 Group, Leo Triplet
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 11h20m15.03s / +12°59'28.64"
Brightness / Size: v8.9 mag / 9.3x4.2'
Forms together with M65 & NGC3628 the Leo Triplet (Arp317).

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2
Oval, faint and anything but evident.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.0
Well visible with averted vision, oval, evenly bright. Messier 66 was about 30° degrees above the horizon.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7+
A bit brighter than M65, oval with brighter core. Some apparent field stars at the edge of the galaxy. At 100x the oval core is evident.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Oval with distinct, bright and also oval core area.
EASY

M67 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 30×30'
Name: M67, NGC2682
Type: OC
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 08h51m18.00s / +11°48'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.9 mag / 30.0x30.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.0
Oval brightening, not resolvable. Evident star at the edge.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 6
At 28x already well resolved with many, more fainter stars. Background appeared still diffuse. On the southwestern edge two brighter stars. At 75x many faint stars.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Worthwhile! Very evident, rich with more fainter stars. Background appeared diffuse. At higher magnification I could see several star chains and densifications. A brighter star on the edge.
EASY

M71 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: M71, NGC6838
Type: GC
Constellation: Sge
Coordinates: 19h53m46.49s / +18°46'45.10"
Brightness / Size: v6.1 mag / 7.2x7.2'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Round, fairly faint, evenly bright.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
Faint, roundish brightening with somewhat brighter center.

MODERATE
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 6
Roundish, diffuse nebula, slight brightening toward the middle.

MODERATE
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 5, SQM-L 20.7
At 25x and 40x quite large and medium condensed brightening. At 90x the cluster appeared irregular, more oval. A few individual stars (foreground stars?) were visible.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
At 37x rather diffuse, less concentrated toward the middle. At 150x partly resolved, irregular, background still nebulous. Two star chains outstanding towards NE. Cluster looks similar to a compact open cluster.

EASY
12" f/5, 115x, Bortle 4
More loose, less concentrated cluster with many fainter stars.
EASY

M72 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 7×7'
Name: M72, NGC6981
Type: GC
Constellation: Aqr
Coordinates: 20h53m27.70s / -12°32'14.30"
Brightness / Size: v9.0 mag / 6.6x6.6'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 3
At 37x and 80x neither resolvable nor granulous. Center slightly brighter.
EASY

M73 (AST)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: M73, NGC6994
Type: AST
Constellation: Aqr
Coordinates: 20h58m56.00s / -12°38'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v8.9 mag / 2.8x2.8'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 3
A few moderately bright stars in a small area. Somewhat evident.
EASY

M74 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 11×11'
Name: M74, NGC628, UGC1149
Group: M74 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Psc
Coordinates: 01h36m41.77s / +15°47'00.46"
Brightness / Size: v9.4 mag / 10.5x9.5'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Round, diffuse.
MODERATE

M75 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 7×7'
Name: M75, NGC6864
Type: GC
Constellation: Sgr
Coordinates: 20h06m04.84s / -21°55'20.14"
Brightness / Size: v9.2 mag / 6.8x6.8'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, large, sharply defined core area with much fainter outer regions. Appeared diffuse even at 133x.
EASY

M76 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: M76, NGC650, NGC651, PK130-10.1, H1.193, Little Dumbbell Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: Per
Coordinates: 01h42m19.95s / +51°34'31.15"
Brightness / Size: v10.1 mag / 2.7x1.8'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0

FAILED
B 70mm, 16x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
When knowing the exact position fairly easily visible with averted vision as quite small, nearly stellar brightening.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 75x, NELM 3.9+
Almost full moon with an angular distance to M76 of about 60°: Only visible with averted vision, relatively small, roundish, diffuse, structureless. Overall quite faint.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 100x, Bortle 7
At 28x a small, diffuse brightening, which can be seen quite well with averted vision. At 100x slightly elongated, whereby the shape appears irregular.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.8: Barely visible with direct vision, evident with averted vision, relatively small. Shape of a dumbbell perceptible, otherwise oval. I only had a short look, because the comet C/2014 Q2 (Lovejoy) was the main target.
EASY

M77 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 8×8'
Name: M77, NGC1068, UGC2188, Arp37
Group: M77 Group
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Cet
Coordinates: 02h42m40.77s / -00°00'47.84"
Brightness / Size: v8.9 mag / 7.3x6.3'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, compact nucleus with round, weaker halo. Extremely faint outer regions not seen.
EASY

M78 (BN)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 15×15'
Name: M78, NGC2068
Type: BN, RN
Constellation: Ori
Coordinates: 05h46m45.96s / +00°03'37.80"
Brightness / Size: v8.3 mag / 8.0x6.0'
M78 is one of the brightest reflection nebulas and is therefore even under not so good conditions or smaller telescopes well observable.

B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 4.5, SQM-L 18.9
SQM-L 18.3: The sky was too brightened, so I saw nothing.

FAILED
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Rather compact, diffuse brightening. Barely seen with direct vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Quite obvious with slightly irregular shape. Within the nebula the evident binary star BU559 (AC). Towards one side the nebula appears more sharply defined, towards south more diffuse.
EASY

M79 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 9×9'
Name: M79, NGC1904
Type: GC
Constellation: Lep
Coordinates: 05h24m10.59s / -24°31'27.30"
Brightness / Size: v8.2 mag / 8.7x8.7'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Very bright. At 37x diffuse, round with much brighter center. Glimpsed at 133x a few scattered stars, otherwise granulous. The bright center appeared still diffuse and compact.
EASY

M80 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 10×10'
Name: M80, NGC6093
Type: GC
Constellation: Sco
Coordinates: 16h17m02.41s / -22°58'33.90"
Brightness / Size: v7.9 mag / 10.0x10.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.5
Very bright, compact center with much fainter outer regions. The edge regions were partially resolved at 150x, otherwise they appeared granulous. The center was still fairly compact.
EASY

M81 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 25×25'
Name: M81, NGC3031, UGC5318, Bode's Galaxy
Group: M81 Group, Virgo Supercluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h55m33.17s / +69°03'55.06"
Brightness / Size: v6.9 mag / 24.9x11.5'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Quite apparent with averted vision, slightly oval with a bit brighter center.

MODERATE
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5+, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Oval with much more brighter center.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 20x, Bortle 6-, NELM 5.0+, SQM-L 19.6
SQM-L 19.3: Very bright, extended, round core with oval halo fading outwards.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x, NELM 5.0
Observation at full moon: Oval with obviously brighter, also oval core area. Easily seen with direct vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x very bright, slightly elongated core area with evident, oval halo. At 100x one spiral arm was seen with averted vision, beginning southwest of the center and winding over south to east. The spiral arm was separated by a dark lane in the southeast. 2 fainter stars within the halo south of the core.
EASY

M82 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 12×12'
Name: M82, NGC3034, UGC5322, Arp337, H4.79
Group: M81 Group, Virgo Supercluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 09h55m52.43s / +69°40'46.93"
Brightness / Size: v8.4 mag / 11.2x4.3'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Elongated, thin, evenly bright. At the limit of perception.

DIFFICULT
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5+, NELM 5.7+, SQM-L 20.9
Very elongated, thin, evenly bright. Not particularly evident. Only well visible with averted vision.

EASY
70mm f/5.7, 12x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.3
At 12x easily visible as elongated nebula. At 111x the dark lanes were pretty evident with averted vision.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.4
At 25x elongated, fairly thin, nearly evenly bright. Barely visible with direct vision. At 62x I could glimpse at least 2 dark lanes.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x
Observation from outskirts at almost full moon with a angular distance of 60° from M82! At 28x barely seen with direct vision, very elongated, fairly thin, nearly evenly bright. Cigar-shaped. At 72x 2-3 dark lanes visible with averted vision, most obvious on the eastern edge.

EASY
120mm f/5, 18x, NELM 5.0
Observation at full moon: At 18x thin, elongated, evenly bright. At 75x 2 dark lanes apparent with averted vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, cigar-shaped, slight brightening toward the middle. At 100x up to three dark lanes across the width are evident with averted vision. The dark lane on the east side is most obvious. Awesome!
EASY

M84 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M84, NGC4374, UGC7494
Group: Virgo-Cluster, Markarian's chain
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h25m03.74s / +12°53'13.14"
Brightness / Size: v9.2 mag / 6.0x5.4'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Round with brighter core.
EASY

M85 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M85, NGC4382, UGC7508
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h25m24.05s / +18°11'27.89"
Brightness / Size: v9.1 mag / 7.1x5.5'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x oval with much brighter, compact core. At 100x core still compact. A foreground star north of the core within the halo.
EASY

M86 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 11×11'
Name: M86, NGC4406, UGC7532
Group: Virgo-Cluster, Markarian's chain
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h26m11.81s / +12°56'45.49"
Brightness / Size: v8.9 mag / 10.2x6.8'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Bright, slightly oval core with oval halo.
EASY

M87 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: M87, NGC4486, UGC7654, Arp152
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h30m49.42s / +12°23'28.04"
Brightness / Size: v8.6 mag / 8.3x6.6'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5
Round with bright, compact core area and faint halo.
EASY

M88 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: M88, NGC4501, UGC7675
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h31m59.22s / +14°25'13.48"
Brightness / Size: v9.6 mag / 6.8x3.7'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x elongated with brighter center. At 80x very elongated (1:4), slightly elongated core area with compact, almost stellar core.
EASY

M89 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M89, NGC4552, UGC7760
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h35m39.88s / +12°33'21.74"
Brightness / Size: v9.8 mag / 5.3x4.8'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Bright, almost stellar core is most apparent at 37x. Roundish to slightly oval, rather faint halo.
EASY

M90 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 10×10'
Name: M90, NGC4569, UGC7786
Group: Arp76, Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX, SY2
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h36m49.82s / +13°09'46.33"
Brightness / Size: v9.5 mag / 9.9x4.4'
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Very elongated (1:4) with bright, very compact core. Core area also slightly elongated. Otherwise rather evenly bright.
EASY

M91 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M91, NGC4548, UGC7753, H2.120
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h35m26.43s / +14°29'46.75"
Brightness / Size: v10.1 mag / 5.2x4.2'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4-, NELM 5.8+, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: At 37x roundish, brightening toward the middle but without distinct core. Evident with averted vision. At 80x core area more apparent and elongated, galaxy overall oval.
EASY

M92 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 14×14'
Name: M92, NGC6341
Type: GC
Constellation: Her
Coordinates: 17h17m07.39s / +43°08'09.40"
Brightness / Size: v6.5 mag / 14.0x14.0'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Very evident, diffuse, round with much brighter center.

EASY
80mm f/6.25, 33x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.8, SQM-L 20.7
Very condensed brightening, not resolved.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
At 37x very compact center with resolved edge regions. At 150x the cluster was resolved close to the center. The center still very compact and appeared granular with averted vision.
EASY

M93 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 22×22'
Name: M93, NGC2447
Type: OC
Constellation: Pup
Coordinates: 07h44m30.00s / -23°51'24.00"
Brightness / Size: v6.2 mag / 22.0x22.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 5+
Obvious due to high star density, but without a distinct center. Overall quite compact with many star chains.
EASY

M94 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: M94, NGC4736, UGC7996
Group: Canes Venatici I Group
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h50m53.15s / +41°07'12.55"
Brightness / Size: v8.2 mag / 11.2x9.1'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Fairly compact brightening. Quite easily visible with averted vision.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 60x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Extremely bright, compact center with slightly oval, faint halo.

EASY
8" f/6, 66x, Bortle 5
Very bright, stellar core with faint, round, nearly evenly bright halo. Slightly darkening toward the edge.
EASY

M95 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M95, NGC3351, UGC5850
Group: M96 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h43m57.73s / +11°42'13.00"
Brightness / Size: v9.7 mag / 7.3x4.4'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2 FAILED

M96 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M96, NGC3368, UGC5882
Group: M96 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h46m45.74s / +11°49'11.78"
Brightness / Size: v9.2 mag / 7.8x5.2'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2 FAILED

M97 (PN)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: M97, NGC3587, PK148+57.1, Owl Nebula
Type: PN
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h14m47.70s / +55°01'08.72"
Brightness / Size: v9.9 mag / 3.4x3.3'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright, round, evenly bright. Obvious. Appeared at 100x unsteady with averted vision. Dark regions partially seen, but not clearly identifiable. With UHC slightly better seen.
EASY

M98 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: M98, NGC4192, UGC7231
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h13m48.29s / +14°54'01.69"
Brightness / Size: v10.1 mag / 9.8x2.8'
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
Elongated, evenly bright, very faint. At 62x not much better.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.8: Overall very elongated with also obviously elongated & brighter central area.
EASY

M99 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M99, NGC4254, UGC7345
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h18m49.62s / +14°24'59.36"
Brightness / Size: v9.9 mag / 5.4x4.7'
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
Round with slightly brighter center. Quite faint.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Round with slightly brighter core area. Next time I will keep an eye on some details.
EASY

M100 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M100, NGC4321, UGC7450
Group: Virgo Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h22m54.90s / +15°49'20.57"
Brightness / Size: v9.3 mag / 7.6x6.2'
80mm f/6.25, 41x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.3
Round, evenly bright, very faint. At 25x barely seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 100x, Bortle 4
Obvious. Round, extended, very bright core surrounded by an also round, but fainter, very large halo. Just a quick side-trip ;)
EASY

M101 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 29×29'
Name: M101, NGC5457, UGC8981, Arp26, Pinwheel Galaxy
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 14h03m12.58s / +54°20'55.50"
Brightness / Size: v7.9 mag / 28.5x28.3'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Quite faint, relatively large, round, evenly bright.

DIFFICULT
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 5, NELM 5.5
Barely seen with direct vision. Less evident. Quite large, roundish, nearly evenly bright.

EASY
S 60mm, 23x, Bortle 7
Observed from city with a cheap spotting scope from a discounter! Difficult to hold. Relatively large, round, almost evenly bright glow.

DIFFICULT
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0
Large, very diffuse, slight brightening toward the middle, nearly round.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Large, bright, diffuse nebula with slightly brighter center. At 100x tendency of spiral structure. I will spend more time for extracting some details!
EASY

M102 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 7×7'
Name: M102, NGC5866, UGC9723, H1.215
Type: GLX, SY
Constellation: Dra
Coordinates: 15h06m29.56s / +55°45'47.91"
Brightness / Size: v9.9 mag / 6.5x3.2'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.0
Only a short try, but nothing seen.

FAILED
80mm f/6.25, 25x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.8
Slightly oval, nearly evenly bright. With averted vision I saw 1-2 stellar brightenings.

EASY
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.8
At 28x slightly oval, slight brightening toward the middle. Two (?) stellar brightenings within the galaxy visible. At 60x a field star at the edge.

EASY
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4
Slightly elongated, very bright. Moderately bright star nearby.
EASY

M103 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 15×15'
Name: M103, NGC581
Type: OC
Constellation: Cas
Coordinates: 01h33m23.00s / +60°39'00.00"
Brightness / Size: v7.4 mag / 6.0x6.0'
4.5" f/8, 36x, Bortle 5+
One brighter and two moderately bright stars arranged in a chain, surrounded by an elongated, diffuse glow.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very nice cluster. Three stars form a chain, between those many fainter stars. The middle star is apparently orange colored. Northeastward in a distance of about 15' I saw a triangle of 3 stars, where one of those was also obviously orange colored.
EASY

M104 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 9×9'
Name: M104, NGC4594, H1.43, Sombrero Galaxy
Group: Virgo-Cluster
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h39m59.43s / -11°37'23.00"
Brightness / Size: v8.0 mag / 8.6x4.2'
120mm f/5, 40x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.1
Hazy sky, 1/3 moon: At 18x less obvious, getting a bit brighter toward the middle, slightly oval. At 40x obviously brighter center, oval shape, evident with averted vision.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Spindle shape at 37x rudimentarily, at 96x well seen. Very bright, nearly round core.
EASY

M105 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 6×6'
Name: M105, NGC3379, UGC5902, H1.17
Group: M96 Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h47m49.60s / +12°34'53.87"
Brightness / Size: v9.8 mag / 5.1x4.7'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 6, NELM 5.5, SQM-L 19.2 FAILED

M106 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS I - 18×18'
Name: M106, NGC4258, UGC7353, H5.43
Group: Canes Venatici II Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: CVn
Coordinates: 12h18m57.62s / +47°18'13.39"
Brightness / Size: v8.4 mag / 17.4x6.6'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 7, NELM 5.0, SQM-L 19.2
Quite faint. Appeared roundish (?).

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 6+, NELM 5.3, SQM-L 19.7
Very compact, bright core surrounded by an also pretty bright, oval central area. Overall the galaxy appears oval, whereby the outer regions fade out diffusely.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Elongated shape with bright, compact core. At 80x I intermittently saw faint differences in surface brightness.
EASY

M107 (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 13×13'
Name: M107, NGC6171, H6.40
Type: GC
Constellation: Oph
Coordinates: 16h32m31.86s / -13°03'13.60"
Brightness / Size: v8.8 mag / 13.0x13.0'
4.5" f/8, 72x, Bortle 6+
Already visible at 28x with averted vision. At 72x brightening toward the middle. Not resolvable.

EASY
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.5
Apparent with moderately bright center. Not resolvable even at 150x.
EASY

M108 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 9×9'
Name: M108, NGC3556, UGC6225, H5.46
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h11m30.97s / +55°40'26.84"
Brightness / Size: v10.0 mag / 8.7x2.2'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x thin, very elongated, nearly evenly bright. At 100x slightly brighter core. Near the core an evident foreground star. Clearly mottled with averted vision.
EASY

M109 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 8×8'
Name: M109, NGC3992, UGC6937, H4.61
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 11h57m35.98s / +53°22'28.27"
Brightness / Size: v9.8 mag / 7.5x4.4'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Oval with slightly brighter core, otherwise fairly faint. At 100x north of the core a faint field star seen with averted vision. Core seems slightly elongated.
EASY

M110 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 20×20'
Name: M110, NGC205, UGC426, H5.18
Group: Local Group
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h40m22.07s / +41°41'07.08"
Brightness / Size: v8.1 mag / 19.5x11.5'
B 40mm, 8x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.1, SQM-L 21.1
Quite faint, oval, evenly bright.

MODERATE
B 50mm, 8x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.4
Observed with 8x50 binoculars. Slightly oval, evenly bright, faint.

MODERATE
4.5" f/8, 28x, Bortle 7
Faint brightening but well seen with averted vision.

MODERATE
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
Very bright and evident. Oval with also oval, brighter core area. Outer regions very diffuse.
EASY

Markarian 50 (OC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 10×10'
Name: Markarian 50
Type: OC
Constellation: Cep
Coordinates: 23h15m13.60s / +60°26'34.00"
Brightness / Size: v8.5 mag / 5.0x5.0'
8" f/6, 37x, Bortle 4
At 37x I saw 3 medium bright stars forming a right triangle. Background between these stars appeared unsteady. At 133x a few, faint stars popped out. Less evident.
MODERATE

Mayall II (GC)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: Mayall II, G1
Group: M31
Type: GC
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 00h32m46.53s / +39°34'40.50"
Brightness / Size: v13.8 mag / 0.5x0.5'
8" f/6, 218x, Bortle 4, NELM 5.9+, SQM-L 21.0
Very small, round, condensed brightening. The two nearby faint stars only separated in some moments. Overall not too challenging. Good seeing helps a lot.
DIFFICULT

MCG+1-54-3 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+1-54-3
Type: GLX
Constellation: Equ
Coordinates: 21h12m47.70s / +08°46'56.63"
Brightness / Size: b15.5 mag / 1.0x0.8'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.7: Visible with averted vision as very compact and faint brightening, probably the bright core.
DIFFICULT

MCG+2-21-5 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+2-21-5, PGC22526
Type: GLX
Constellation: CMi
Coordinates: 08h01m54.12s / +09°37'33.09"
Brightness / Size: b14.9 mag / 0.9x0.7'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.5: Round, pretty faint, very diffuse, barely condensed.
MODERATE

MCG+2-21-10 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+2-21-10, PGC22556
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cnc
Coordinates: 08h02m24.70s / +09°35'50.00"
Brightness / Size: b15.0 mag / 0.5x0.4'
8" f/6, 150x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 20.9
SQM-L 20.5: Close to brighter field star, small, roundish, evenly bright.
MODERATE

MCG+2-31-76 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+2-31-76, PGC39331
Type: GLX
Constellation: Vir
Coordinates: 12h16m33.69s / +13°01'52.48"
Brightness / Size: b15.2 mag / 0.5x0.4'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.8: Hard to hold with averted vision, round, diffuse.
DIFFICULT

MCG+3-20-7 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+3-20-7, PGC21367
Type: GLX
Constellation: Gem
Coordinates: 07h35m56.75s / +18°02'56.95"
Brightness / Size: b15.3 mag / 0.6x0.5'
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Only tried short.
FAILED

MCG+3-27-28 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+3-27-28, PGC30587
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h25m18.11s / +20°00'46.57"
Brightness / Size: b15.0 mag / 0.8x0.6'
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Despite of culmination not seen. I'm sure, that this galaxy can seen with 8"!
FAILED

MCG+4-24-22 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+4-24-22, PGC30008
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 10h16m33.26s / +22°05'27.32"
Brightness / Size: b14.7 mag / 1.3x1.1'
8" f/6, 171x, Bortle 4
Barely seen with averted vision as a very compact, diffuse brightening.
DIFFICULT

MCG+4-42-22 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+4-42-22
Type: GLX
Constellation: Her
Coordinates: 18h01m33.62s / +26°15'10.91"
Brightness / Size: b14.8 mag / 0.8x0.5'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 3-, SQM-L 21.2 FAILED

MCG+5-22-43 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+5-22-43, PGC26570
Type: GLX
Constellation: Leo
Coordinates: 09h23m11.26s / +26°49'02.60"
Brightness / Size: b15.5 mag / 0.8x0.4'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4-, SQM-L 21.0
NELM 5.4+: On the DSS image the galaxy appears fairly bright, but I didn't saw anything - even at high power.
FAILED

MCG+5-29-35 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+5-29-35, PGC38903
Type: GLX
Constellation: Com
Coordinates: 12h12m24.34s / +28°49'01.48"
Brightness / Size: v14.2 mag / 0.9x0.4'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 3, NELM 6.3, SQM-L 21.5
Quite easily held with averted vision as oval brightening.

DIFFICULT
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Rarely, but definitely seen as a slightly elongated nebula.
DIFFICULT

MCG+7-6-6 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+7-6-6, PGC9108
Type: GLX
Constellation: And
Coordinates: 02h24m01.85s / +41°59'45.91"
Brightness / Size: b14.7 mag / 1.1x0.6'
8" f/6, 200x, Bortle 4, NELM 5.9+, SQM-L 21.0
Nearby a faint star pair, whereas the galaxy appeared as very faint, onesided halo of the eastern star.
DIFFICULT

MCG+10-15-70 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+10-15-70, PGC30368
Type: GLX
Constellation: UMa
Coordinates: 10h22m24.67s / +57°02'10.38"
Brightness / Size: b15.6 mag / 0.7x0.6'
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
Glimpsed as very small, diffuse brightening.
DIFFICULT

MCG+12-6-13 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (blue) - 5×5'
Name: MCG+12-6-13, PGC17757
Type: GLX
Constellation: Cam
Coordinates: 05h45m38.82s / +69°03'38.13"
Brightness / Size: b15.1 mag / 0.9x0.7'
8" f/6, 210x, Bortle 4
After a while relatively well seen as roundish brightening.
DIFFICULT

MCG-1-24-1 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 8×8'
Name: MCG-1-24-1, UGCA150
Type: GLX
Constellation: Hya
Coordinates: 09h10m49.46s / -08°53'26.51"
Brightness / Size: v11.3 mag / 5.3x0.9'
120mm f/5, 109x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.5: Towards horizon the sky was unfortunately a bit hazy. At 109x the halo around the 9.43 mag star seemed to be a bit irregular, but I didn't saw the galaxy for sure. I also tried it at 50x and 75x. But I'm pretty sure, that the galaxy could be seen with this aperture under better conditions.

FAILED
8" f/6, 80x, Bortle 4, SQM-L 21.0
SQM-L 20.5: At 80x obviously oval / slightly elongated shape (NE-SW), getting somewhat brighter toward the middle. At 150x the galaxy appeared very elongated. At both magnifications quite easily seen with averted vision.
MODERATE

MCG-1-53-14 (GLX)

DSS
© DSS II (red) - 5×5'
Name: MCG-1-53-14, PGC65612
Group: HCG88
Type: GLX
Constellation: Aqr
Coordinates: 20h52m12.75s / -05°47'53.88"
Brightness / Size: b15.0 mag / 1.1x0.3'
33" f/3.9, 194x, Bortle 4, NELM 6.0+, SQM-L 21.1
SQM-L 20.6, Alt ca. 32°: The secondary